Kazakhstan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Kazakhstan and important events related to Kazakhstan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Kazakhstan Country Profile
The main inhabitants here are Kazakh people who are of Turkic origin. For most of its history, the land of Kazakhstan has been part of the empire of the Yayawar castes. Its capital was built in 1998, replacing Astana, which was replaced by the Soviet capital Almaty.
Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world, occupying 2.7 million square kilometers in area. About one-third of that area is dry ground, while the rest of the country has grasslands or sandy deserts. Kazakhstan borders Russia on the north, China on the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan on the south. It also borders the Caspian Sea to the west. The highest point in Kazakhstan is Khan Tangiri Shinji, at 6,995 m. The lowest point is Vapadina Kunda at 132 meters above sea level. In 2008, the name of the steppe region Saryarka has been included in the United Nations World Heritage.
Kazakhstan's per capita GDP is US $ 12,800. Unemployment is only 5.5%, and 8.2% of the population lives below the poverty line. Kazakhstan exports petroleum products, metals, chemicals, grains, wool, and meat. It also imports machinery and food which contribute significantly to this country's economy. In Kazakh mines, bread (Pavarotti), soup and vegetables have a prominent place. Noodles are often eaten sausages of horse meat. Meat has a very important place in food.
Kazakh language is the official language. Russian language has official rating which is Ottoman language, which is 64.5% of the population. Russian is the official language of business.
Kazakhstan Important Facts
- Kazakhstan, officially called the Republic of Kazakhstan, is located in Eurasia.
- Kazakhstan is bordered by Russia to the north, China to the east and Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan to the south.
- Kazakhstan was formerly a member of the Soviet Union, which was liberated by the Soviet Union on 16 December 1991.
- The total area of Kazakhstan is 2,724,900 sq km. (1,052,100 sq mi).
- Kazakh and Russian are the official languages of Kazakhstan.
- The currency of Kazakhstan is named Tengay.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Kazakhstan in 2016 was 1.78 crore.
- In Kazakhstan, the religion of most people is Islam, which belongs to most Sunni community.
- The important ethnic group in Kazakhstan is Kazakh and Russian.
- The highest mountain in Kazakhstan is Khan Tengri, whose height is 7,010 meters.
- The longest river in Kazakhstan is the Irtysh River, with a length of 4,248 km.
- The largest lake in Kazakhstan is Balkhash Lake, which is 16,996 square kilometers. Spreads over.
- The national animal and national bird of Kazakhstan is the golden eagle.
- Kazakhstan is home to the world's first and largest space launch facility, Baikonur Cosmodome. It is leased by the Russians until 2050.
Kazakhstan Important History Events
- 23 february 1944 - In response to an insurgency in Chechnya, the Soviet Union began the forced deportation of native Chechens and Ingush population of North Caucasus to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
- 16 november 1965 - The Soviet Union successfully launched the Venera 3 space probe from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, which made a landing on the surface of the planet Venus making it the first spacecraft to do so.
- 15 july 1967 - U.S.S.R. has conducted a nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R. This has added another mileage in the development of research and scientific progress of the country.
- 28 July 1978 - The Soviet Union conducted a nuclear test in northeast Kazakhstan.
- 15 October 1978 - The Soviet Union conducted a nuclear test in the eastern Kazakhstan region.
- 31 july 1980 - U.S.S.R. has conducted nuclear Test at Semi-palitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R. This test has brought strength to the country and its progress.
- 16 december 1986 - Dinmukhamed Konayev was dismissed from the post of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, sparking riotsthroughout the country.
- 16 september 1990 - Construction of the Northern Xinjiang Railway was completed between Ürümqi and Alashankou, linking the railway lines of China andKazakhstan, and adding a sizable portion to the Eurasian Land Bridge.
- 18 May 1991 - Helen Shrman, Britain's first astronaut, flew to space. 27-year-old Helen departed from Kazakhstan in a Soviet space called Soyuz.
- 12 november 1996 - A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakhstan Airlinescargo plane collided in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349 people.
Populated Cities of Kazakhstan
Bulaevo, Komsomolets, Turkistan, Aqadyr, Ertis, Shar, Kachiry, Makhambet, Zhangaozen, Taldyqorghan, Aqsu, Zhanibek, Qarqaraly, Balqash, Qusmuryn, Sarqan, Bayghanin, Osakarovka, Bestobe, Tobol, Serebryansk, Zhaltyr, Zholymbet, Kishkenekol, Qazaly, Chapaev, Kentau, Ridder, Arqalyq, Turgay, Fort Shevchenko, Zyryanovsk, Zhetiqara, Shymkent, Ayakoz, Qaraghandy, Aqtau, Saryshaghan, Arys, Shu, Qapshaghay, Shonzhy, Qaratau, Qulsary, Zharkent, Baykonur, Atbasar, Taraz, Esik, Aqsay, Astana, Aral, Pavlodar, Beyneu, Oskemen, Balyqshy, Semey, Qyzylorda, Shieli, Algha, Oktyabrsk, Shalqar, Shemonaikha, Aqtobe, Erymentau, Khromtau, Oostanay, Lenger, Makinsk, Petropavlovsk, Oytal, Qarazhal, Boralday, Oral, Ushtobe, Zhosaly, Atasu, Embi, Atyrau, Zaysan, Temirtau, Derzhavinsk, Urzhar, Mangyshlak, Maqat, Esil, Tayynsha, Qulan, Kokshetau, Ekibastuz, Rudny, Almaty, Otar, Sharbaqty, Zhezqazghan, Burylbaytal,