Suriname has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Suriname and important events related to Suriname history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Suriname Country Profile
Suriname was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BCE by various indigenous peoples, including Arawak, Carib, and Vena. Europeans arrived in the 16th century, with the Dutch establishing control of much of the country's current territory by the end of the 17th century. During the Dutch colonial period, Suriname was an attractive source of sugar, with its plantation economy driven by African slave labor. In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, Suriname left the state to become an independent state, yet maintained economic, diplomatic and cultural ties with its former colonizer.
Suriname is the smallest independent country in South America. Located on the Guiana Shield. The country can be divided into two main geographical regions. The northern, coastal region of the Terai (roughly above the line Albina-Pernam-Wageningen) has been cultivated, and most of the population lives here. The southern part includes the tropical rainforest and the Savarna inhabited savanna on the border with Brazil, covering about 80% of Suriname's land surface.
The bauxite industry had Suriname's economy, which accounted for more than 15% of GDP and 70% of export earnings by 2016. Other main export products include rice, bananas, and shrimp. Suriname has recently started exploiting some of its large oil and gold reserves. About a quarter of the people work in the agricultural sector. Suriname's economy is heavily dependent on commerce, with its main trade partners being the Netherlands, the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean, mainly the islands of Trinidad and Tobago and the former Netherlands Antilles.
Suriname has a total of about 14 (local) languages, but only Dutch is the only official language and language of education, government, business and media. More than 60% of the population is a native speaker of Dutch and about 20% -30% speak it as a second language. In 2004, Suriname became an associate member of the Dutch Language Association. It is the only Dutch-speaking country in South America and the only independent nation in the Americas, on which the majority of the Dutch population is spoken and one of the two non-romance speaking countries in South America, the other being English.
Suriname Important Facts
- Suriname is officially called the Republic of Suriname, a country located in the northern part of the continent of South America.
- Suriname is bordered by French Guiana and Western Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south and the Dark Ocean to the north.
- Suriname gained independence from constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 15 December 1954.
- Suriname has a total area of 163,821 sq km. (63,252 square miles).
- Suriname is the smallest country in the continent of South America by area and population.
- According to the World Bank, in 2016 Suriname had a total population of 5.58 lakhs.
- Nearly half of the population of this small country lives in the capital city of Paramaribo, located on the banks of the Suriname River and about 9 miles off the Caribbean coast.
- The official language of Suriname is Dutch.
- Chicken with rice is Suriname's national dish.
- Tapir is the largest land mammal in Suriname.
- The name of the currency of Suriname is Surinamese Dinar.
- There is only one cinema hall in the entire Suriname country, named T.B. Cinemas (T.B.L. Cinemas).
- Suriname participated in the Olympics for the first time in 1960, Suriname has won only one gold and bronze medal so far. Both of these medals were won by swimmer Anthony Nesty in 1988 and 1992.
- In Suriname, people drive on the left, the only other South American country to do so is Guyana.
- Suriname is one of the top producers of bauxite in the world.
Suriname Important History Events
- 19 february 1674 - The Third Anglo-Dutch War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Westminster, with England regaining New York, and the Netherlands taking Suriname.
- 02 November 1712 - The Suriname government gave 682,800 to Jacques Cussard, the French kidnapper.
- 16 November 1771 - The West Indian Company and Amsterdam divided Suriname.
- 27 February 1816 - The Dutch withdrew Suriname from France after Napoleon's defeat.
- 25 november 1975 - Upon Suriname's independence from the Netherlands, JohanFerrier became its first president.
- 24 December 1990 - Ramsevak Shankar was removed as Suriname's President by a military coup.
Populated Cities of Suriname
Brokopondo, Moengo, Nieuw Amsterdam, Brownsweg, Groningen, Cottica, Paramaribo, Onverwacht, Totness, Nieuw Nickerie, Albina, Lelydorp,