1644 in History – What happened in year 1644

✅ Published on March 26th, 2009 in 17th Century in History

In history, year 1644 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1644.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1644 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
25 aprilThe Ming dynasty of China fell when the Chongzhen Emperor committed suicide during a peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng.
25 mayMing general Wu Sangui let the invading Manchus pass throughthe Great Wall of China, allowing them to capture Beijing, leading tothe foundation of the Qing dynasty.
26 mayPortuguese Restoration War-Portuguese and Spanish forces bothclaimed victory in the Battle of Montijo.
27 mayManchu regent Dorgon defeated rebel leader Li Zicheng of theShun dynasty at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus toenter and conquer the capital city of Beijing.
28 mayEnglish Civil War-Royalist troops allegedly slaughtered up to1,600 people during their storm and capture of the Town of Bolton.
29 juneCharles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil. The Battle of Cropredy Bridge was a battle of the English Civil Wars, between a Parliamentarian army under Sir William Waller and the Royalist army of King Charles.
02 julyThe combined forces of the Scottish Covenanters and the EnglishParliamentarians defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor,one of the decisive encounters of the English Civil War, near York.
27 octoberEnglish Civil War-The combined armies of Parliament inflicteda tactical defeat on the Royalists, but failed to gain any strategicadvantage in the Second Battle of Newbury.
08 novemberThe Shunzhi Emperor, the third emperor of the Qing Dynasty, wasenthroned in Beijing after the collapse of the Ming Dynasty as the firstQing emperor to rule over China.
09 novemberThe Shunzhi Emperor, the third emperor of the Qingdynasty, was enthroned in Beijing after the collapse of the Ming dynastyas the first Qing emperor to rule over China.

Famous birthdays in the year 1644:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 OctoberFrançois-Timoléon de Choisy / Author / France
07 AprilFrançois de Neufville / General / France
10 January Louis François / General / France
12 AugustHeinrich Ignaz Franz Biber / Violinist / Bahamas
14 OctoberWilliam Penn / Business Man / United Kingdom
22 MayGabriël Grupello / Sculptor / Belgium
25 February Thomas Newcomen / Engineer / United Kingdom
25 SeptemberOle Rømer / Astronomer / Denmark
31 March Henry Winstanley / Painter / United Kingdom
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