1781 in History – What happened in year 1781

✅ Published on April 1st, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1781 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1781.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1781 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
17 januaryAmerican Revolutionary War-American forces won a surprising victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens, one of the most pivotal battles of the war.
03 februaryAmerican Revolutionary War-British forces captured the Dutch island of Sint Eustatius with only two shots fired.
01 marchThe Articles of Confederation, the first governing constitutionof the United States, was ratified, legally uniting what were originallyseveral independent states into a new sovereign federation.
13 marchGerman-born astronomer and composer William Herschel discoveredthe planet Uranus while in the garden of his house in Bath, Somerset,thinking it was a comet.
03 juneAmerican Revolutionary War-Jack Jouett made a 'midnight ride'to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of coming Britishcavalry who had been sent to capture them.
04 septemberLos Angeles was founded as El Pueblo deNuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula by 44 Spanishsettlers.
05 septemberAmerican Revolutionary War-French naval forces handed Britaina major strategic defeat in the Battle of the Chesapeake.
06 septemberAmerican Revolutionary War-General Benedict Arnold led British forces to victory in the Battle of Groton Heights.
19 octoberAmerican Revolutionary War-British forces led by LordCornwallis officially surrendered to Franco-American forces under GeorgeWashington, ending the Siege of Yorktown.
29 novemberThe crew of the overcrowded British slave ship Zong killed 133African slaves by dumping them into the sea to claim insurance.
02 JulySultan Hyder Ali of Mysore and Porto Novo now Parangipettai in the British Army fought.
18 JulyNoted British astronomer William Herschel discovered the reality of the Akash Ganga.
19 OctoberThe British General Cornwillas surrendered to America, ending the American Revolutionary War.
12 NovemberThe British captured the Dutch colony Nagapattanam.
27 AugustHyder Ali fought the Battle of Pallilor against the British Army.
28 AugustHyder Ali fought the Battle of Pallilor against the British Army.
31 DecemberAmerica's first bank Bank of North America opened.
05 JanuaryThe British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burned Richmond, Virginia.
03 FebruaryThe island of Dutch West Indies was occupied by St Ostatia British.
01 MarchThe Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.
29 AprilThe French fleet remained in Tobago during the American War of Independence.
01 MayEmperor Joseph II reduced the patronage of the population.
03 JuneJack Jott warns Thomas Jefferson of a British attack.
11 JulyThomas Hutchins designated the geography of America.
20 AugustGeorge Washington began to move southern troops to fight Cornwallis.
06 SeptemberThe Battle of Groton Heights resulted in the British Army victory.
19 OctoberThe British General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown at 2 clock in the afternoon; The resulting American Revolutionary War ended.
05 NovemberJohn Hansen wins America's first compiled congressional presidential election.
31 DecemberBank of North America was the first bank to be opened in America.

Famous birthdays in the year 1781:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 SeptemberEugène de Beauharnais / Politician / France
04 March Rebecca Gratz / Educator / United States of America
05 SeptemberAnton Diabelli / Composer / Austria
05 OctoberBernard Bolzano / Mathematician / Czech Republic
06 SeptemberVincent Novello / Publisher / United Kingdom
06 February John Keane / Politician / Australia
09 February Johann Baptist von Spix / Biologist / Germany
09 JuneGeorge Stephenson / Engineer / United Kingdom
11 DecemberDavid Brewster / Mathematician / Scotland
13 March Karl Friedrich Schinkel / Painter / Germany
17 February René Laennec / Physician / France
17 March Ebenezer Elliott / Poet / United Kingdom
20 NovemberKarl Friedrich Eichhorn / Captain / Germany
20 January Joseph Hormayr / Politician / Austria
21 JuneSiméon Denis Poisson / Mathematician / France
26 January Ludwig Achim von Arnim / Poet / Germany
27 March Alexander Vostokov / Academic / Russia
27 JulyMauro Giuliani / Writer / Italy
30 NovemberAlexander Berry / Surgeon / Scotland
30 January Adelbert von Chamisso / Poet / Germany

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1781:

YearName / Profession / Country
03 AprilSwaminarayan / Religious Leader / India
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