1791 in History – What happened in year 1791

✅ Published on April 2nd, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1791 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1791.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1791 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 marchFrench inventor Claude Chappe and his brothers firstdemonstrated the semaphore line, a signalling system of conveyinginformation by means of visual signals, using towers with pivoting shutters, also known as blades or paddles.
03 mayThe Polish–Lithuanian Constitution of May 3, the oldest codified national constitution in Europe, was adopted by the Great Sejm.
14 julyThe Priestley Riots began, in which Joseph Priestley and otherreligious Dissenters were driven out of Birmingham, England.
17 julyFrench Revolution-Members of the National Guard fired into alarge crowd that was gathered at the Champ de Mars, Paris to sign apetition demanding the removal of King Louis XVI.
22 augustA slave rebellion erupted in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, starting the Haitian Revolution.
15 decemberThe first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, collectively known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified.
03 SeptemberThe Parliament of France passed the constitution of the country.
21 MarchThe British army defeated Tipu Sultan and captured the then Bangalore.
25 JanuaryThe British Parliament passed the Constitutional Act 1791, dividing the old province of Quebec into upper and lower Canada.
21 FebruaryThe United States opened diplomatic relations with Portugal.
04 MarchVermont was accepted as the 14th US state.
21 AprilIn Alexandria, Virginia, the first of forty border stones delineating the boundaries of the new District of Columbia in the United States lay at Jones Point Light.
03 MayThe Constitution was announced on 03 May 1791 in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of Sejam, the first modern constitution constitution in Europe.
20 JuneKing Louis XVI was caught trying to escape the French Revolution.
08 JulyComposer Joseph Hayden was awarded an honorary doctorate of music at the University of Oxford.
04 AugustThe Treaty of Systova was signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg War.
13 SeptemberLouis Fourteen of France accepted the final version of the entire constitution.
28 OctoberThe Declaration of Women's Rights and the Women's Citizen were published in France.
21 NovemberColonel Napoleon Bonaparte was promoted to general and appointed commander-in-chief to the armies of the French Republic.
04 DecemberThe first issue of The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, was published in London.

Famous birthdays in the year 1791:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 OctoberSergey Aksakov / Soldier / Russia
03 AprilAnne Lister / Mountaineer / United Kingdom
07 DecemberFerenc Novák / Poet / Hungary
11 NovemberJosef Munzinger / Politician / Switzerland
12 February Peter Cooper / Business Man / United States of America
14 DecemberCharles Wolfe / Poet / Ireland
14 SeptemberFranz Bopp / Academic / Germany
15 March Charles Knight / Author / United Kingdom
15 NovemberFriedrich Ernst Scheller / Lawyer / Germany
15 January Franz Grillparzer / Author / Austria
21 February Carl Czerny / Pianist / Austria
22 SeptemberMichael Faraday / Chemist / United Kingdom
23 SeptemberJohann Franz Encke / Academic / Germany
23 AprilJames Buchanan / Lawyer / United States of America
23 SeptemberTheodor Körner / Author / Germany
26 DecemberCharles Babbage / Engineer / United Kingdom
26 JulyFranz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart / Pianist / Austria
26 SeptemberThéodore Géricault / Painter / France
30 JuneFélix Savart / Psychologist / France
30 NovemberCount Franz Philipp von Lamberg / Politician / Austria
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