1871 in History – What happened in year 1871

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1871 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1871.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1871 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
18 januaryA number of independent German states unified into the German Empire, with Prussian King Wilhelm I being proclaimed as its first Emperor.
07 marchJosé Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, became Prime Ministerof the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longest in thestate's history.
18 marchFrench President Adolphe Thiers ordered the evacuation of Parisafter an uprising broke out as the result of France's defeat in theFranco-Prussian War, leading to the establishment of the Paris Commune government.
21 marchFounder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimed as its first Chancellor.
22 marchWilliam Woods Holden became the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office due to impeachment.
29 marchThe Royal Albert Hall in Albertopolis, London, was officially opened by Queen Victoria.
10 juneNine days after Korean shore batteries attacked two Americanwarships, an American punitive expedition landed and captured severalforts on Ganghwa Island.
02 julyVictor Emmanuel II of Italy entered Rome after conquering it from the Papal States. The Papal States were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the 700s until 1870. They were among the major important states of Italy from the eighth century until the Italian Peninsula was united in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont and Sardinia.
08 octoberThe Great Chicago Fire commenced on Sunday, October 8, and went on for three days before it finally went out on Tuesday, October 10, 1871.
12 octoberThe Criminal Tribes Act entered into force in British India,giving law enforcement sweeping powers to arrest, control, and monitorthe movements of the members of 160 specific ethnic or socialcommunities that were defined as 'habitually criminal'.
10 novemberJournalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley located missingmissionary and explorer David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyikain present-day Tanzania.
26 decemberThespis, the first comic opera by Gilbert and Sullivan, made its debut at the Gaiety Theatre, London, UK.
08 OctoberThere was a fierce fire in the US city of Chicago for two days. The fire killed 300 people and destroyed 17,450 homes.
12 OctoberThe British Government enacted the Criminal Tribes Act under which 160 local communities were declared to be criminals.
21 OctoberNew York) was the first non-competitive outdoor athletic game in the US.
21 NovemberMoses F. Gayle of New York patented the cigar lighter.
25 JanuaryCaucasian struggler Dharmaguru Shaikh Shamil died in Madina Nagar.
12 FebruaryCharles Freer Andrews, a Christian missionary, educationist and social reformer in India, was born in Newcastle, England.
27 MarchThe first international rugby match was played between Scotland and England, which Scotland won.
28 JanuaryThe Purishis surrendered before Paris.
09 FebruaryThe Federal Fish Conservation Office was authorized by the US Congress.
03 MarchThe US Congress Civil Service System was established.
14 AprilCanada set the denomination of the currency as dollars, cents, and mills.
11 MayThe first trial in the Tichborne case began in the London Court of Common Pleas.
15 JunePhoebe Cousin became the first female graduate of an American college law school.
13 JulyThe world's first championship cat show at Crystal Palace London was hosted by Harrison Ware.
31 AugustAdolphe Thiers was made President of the French Republic.
17 SeptemberThe Mont Canis Railway Tunnel opened in Switzerland.
31 OctoberA Protestant Union was established in Dokkum, Netherlands.
24 NovemberThe National Rifle Association was organized.

Famous birthdays in the year 1871:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 NovemberStephen Crane / Poet / United States of America
04 March Boris Galerkin / Engineer / Russia
05 SeptemberFriedrich Akel / Politician / Estonia
07 AprilEpifanio de los Santos / Historian / Philippines
10 NovemberWinston Churchill / Author / United States of America
11 JuneStjepan Radić / Politician / Croatia
12 AprilIoannis Metaxas / Politician / Greece
15 JulyDoppo Kunikida / Author / Japan
16 March Frantz Reichel / Rugby Player / France
16 March Hans Merensky / Geologist / South Africa
17 JuneJames Weldon Johnson / Author / United States of America
17 January Nicolae Iorga / Politician / Romania
24 SeptemberLottie Dod / Tennis Player / United Kingdom
26 OctoberGuillermo Kahlo / Photographer / Germany
27 March Piet Aalberse / Politician / Netherlands
27 SeptemberGrazia Deledda / Poet / Italy
27 MayGeorges Rouault / Painter / France
29 JulyJakob Mändmets / Writer / Estonia
30 OctoberPaul Valéry / Poet / France
31 AugustJames E. Ferguson / Politician / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1871:

YearName / Profession / Country
10 NovemberSachchidananda Sinha / Journalist / India
07 MayAbanindranath Tagore / Painter / India
31 AugustHassan Imam / Barrister / India
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