1891 in History – What happened in year 1891

✅ Published on April 6th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1891 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1891.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1891 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
29 januaryQueen Liliuokalani, the last monarch and only woman to reign in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
17 marchThe transatlantic steamship SS Utopia accidentally collidedwith the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in lessthan twenty minutes and killing 562.
05 mayNew York City's Carnegie Hall, built by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, officially opened with a concert conducted by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
15 mayPope Leo XIII issued the encyclical Rerum Novarum, thataddressed the condition of the working classes and is considered to bethe foundation of modern Catholic social teaching.
31 mayBuddhagaya Mahabodhi Society, an organization to encourage Buddhist studies in India and abroad. The Maha Bodhi Society is a South Asian Buddhist society founded by the Sri Lankan Buddhist leader Anagarika Dharmapala and the British journalist and poet Sir Edwin Arnold.
15 augustThe Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the only all-steelchurch in Asia, was officially consecrated.
18 augustA hurricane struck Martinique, killing about 700 people,injuring at least 1,000 others, and obliterating houses, trees, andcrops across the entire island.
28 septemberRailway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
01 octoberStanford University, founded by railroad magnate and California Governor Leland Stanford and his wife Jane on their former farm lands in Palo Alto, California, officially opened with 559 students and freetuition.
28 octoberThe Nobi Earthquake, Japan's largest known inland earthquake,struck the former provinces of Mino and Owari.
29 octoberThe Nobi Earthquake, Japan's largest known inland earthquake,struck the former provinces of Mino and Owari.
29 decemberPhysical education teacher James Naismith introduced a game in Springfield, Massachusetts, with thirteen rules and nine players on each team that he called 'Basket Ball'.
14 SeptemberThe Empire State Express train completed 702 kilometers from New York City to Buffalo in 7 hours 6 minutes. It was a high speed train at that time.
22 December\ 323 Brucian \ became the first meteorite to be discovered by photography.
27 January109 people were killed in a mine explosion in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania.
14 AprilBaba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar, the creator of the Indian Constitution, was born.
01 JanuaryPayment of old age pension started in Germany.
13 FebruaryAnti-tobacco campaign started in Iran.
28 MarchThe first world weightlifting championship was held.
25 AprilUS President Benjamin Harrison traveled to San Francisco.
15 MayPhillips & Company was established in Holland.
16 JuneJohn Abbot became the third Prime Minister of Canada.
14 JulyErik Gustaf Bostrom became Prime Minister of Sweden.
05 AugustAmerican Express issued the world's first traveler's check.
18 SeptemberRiete Maxwell said the first white woman became an Indian chief.
20 OctoberThe first international 6-day bike race began at New York's Madison Square Garden.
10 NovemberThe first women's Christian Temperance Association meeting was held in Boston.
17 DecemberDrexel University in Philadelphia was inaugurated as the Drexel Institute of Arts, Sciences and Industry.


Famous birthdays in the year 1891:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 MayTadeusz Peiper / Poet / Poland
05 JulyJohn Howard Northrop / Academic / United States of America
09 NovemberLouisa E. Rhine / Psychologist / United States of America
09 February Ronald Colman / Actor / United States of America
10 DecemberHarold Alexander / Politician / United Kingdom
10 AprilFrank Barson / Footballer / United Kingdom
11 NovemberRabbit Maranville / Baseball Player / United States of America
13 February Kate Roberts / Author / United Kingdom
19 DecemberEdward Bernard Raczyński / Politician / Poland
20 JuneJohn A. Costello / Politician / Ireland
20 SeptemberTomás Garrido Canabal / Revolutionary / Mexico
20 OctoberSamuel Flagg Bemis / Author / United States of America
20 AprilDave Bancroft / Baseball Player / United States of America
22 MayJohannes R. Becher / Politician / Germany
22 AugustHenry Bachtold / Soldier / Australia
24 March Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov / Academic / Russia
27 JulyJacob van der Hoeden / Academic / Netherlands
27 February David Sarnoff / Business Man / United States of America
28 NovemberGregorio Perfecto / Journalist / Philippines
30 JuneMan Mountain Dean / Wrestler / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1891:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 AprilBhim Rao Ambedkar / Freedom Fighter / India
01 JanuarySampurnanand / Politician / India
22 AprilRadhabai Subariyan / Politician / India
14 AprilB. R. Ambedkar / Economist / India
04 FebruaryMadabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyang / Politician / India
15 AugustBijan Kumar Mukherjea / Lawyer / India
04 February M. A. Ayyangar / Politician / India
06 JuneMasti Venkatesha Iyengar / Author / India
21 AprilSir James Braid Taylor / Civil Servant / India
29 AprilBharathidasan / Poet / India
02 AprilTristão de Bragança Cunha / Activist / India
01 January Sampurnanand / Politician / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Writer / India
26 AugustAcharya Chatursen Shastri / Author / India
NA NAPrafulla Chandra Ghosh / Politician / India
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