1914 in History – What happened in year 1914

✅ Published on April 7th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1914 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1914.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1914 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
07 februaryThe film Kid Auto Races at Venice, featuring the first appearance of comedy actor Charlie Chaplin's character 'The Tramp, was released.
28 februaryIn the aftermath of the Balkan Wars, Greeks living in southern Albania proclaimed the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus.
07 marchPrussian William of Wied began his short reign as sovereignprince of the newly independent state of Albania.
20 aprilA fire and a gun battle between the Colorado National Guard and striking coal miners in Ludlow, Colorado, led to 17 deaths in the Ludlow Massacre.
21 aprilMexican Revolution The United States detained a German steamer carrying material for the Mexican federal government.
24 aprilThe Franck–Hertz experiment, a pillar in the development of quantum mechanics, was presented to the German Physical Society.
01 mayOn 1 May 1914, A constitutional compact has been produced by a body of 66 men from cabinet to replace China’s provisional constitution after a formal dis-solvent of Chinese Parliament. New Legal system gave unlimited powers to Yuan Shikai, the first President of the Republic of China, over China’s military, finances, foreign policy, and the citizen’s rights.
17 mayAlbania officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as anautonomous region with in the Albanian state, which was never established due to World War I.
25 mayThe British parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act,establishing a devolved government in Ireland.
29 mayThe ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sank in the SaintLawrence River after colliding with the Storstad, killing 1,012 onboard.
28 juneArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie,Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip during amotorcade in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of World War I.
29 juneDuring the second day of the anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo, numerous buildings owned by ethnic Serbs were vandalized and looted.
30 juneMahatma Gandhi arrested first time during campaigning for rights in South Africa. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
11 julyUSS Nevada, the United States Navy's first 'super-dreadnought', was launched.
23 julyAustria-Hungary presented Serbia with an ultimatum to allowthem to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, thatSerbia would ultimately reject, leading to World War I.
27 julyFelix Manalo established the modern-day Iglesia ni Cristoreligion, an independent, nontrinitarian Christian church, in the Philippines.
28 julyAustria-Hungary declared war after rejecting Serbia'sconditional acceptance of only part of the July Ultimatum following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, starting World War I.
03 augustWorld War I: Germany declares war against France.
09 augustWorld War I-France launched its first attack of the war in anultimately unsuccessful attempt to recover the province of Alsace from Germany.
15 augustThe Panama Canal, that links the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, was officially opened. The construction of this canal began in 1880 by French Engineers, but after 20,000 workers died of malaria and yellow fever the French stopped the construction. Hence, American money and engineers completed the project.
23 augustIn their first major action of the First World War, the British Expeditionary Force defeated German troops in Mons, Belgium.
28 augustIn the first naval battle of the First World War, British ships defeated the German fleet in the Heligoland Bight area of the North Sea.
30 augustWorld War I-The Battle of Tannenberg resulted in the almostcomplete destruction of the Russian Second Army by the German Eighth Army.
01 septemberThe passenger pigeon, which once had a population of at least3 billion birds, became extinct, when the last individual died incaptivity.
05 septemberWorld War I-The First Battle of the Marne began with French forces engaging the advancing German army at the Marne River near Paris.
11 septemberDuring the First World War, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force invaded German New Guinea, winning the Battle of Bita Paka.
14 septemberHMAS AE1, the Royal Australian Navy's first submarine, waslost at sea; its wreck has never been found.
17 septemberAndrew Fisher became Prime Minister of Australia for the thirdtime, beginning a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s.
17 septemberAndrew Fisher, whose previous term as Prime Minister ofAustralia oversaw a period of reform unmatched in the Commonwealth untilthe 1940s, became Prime Minister for the third time.
22 septemberWorld War I-German naval forces bombarded Papeete in French Polynesia.

Famous birthdays in the year 1914:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 NovemberRay Walston / Actor / United States of America
03 March Asger Jorn / Painter / Denmark
09 SeptemberJohn Passmore / Philosopher / Australia
09 NovemberHedy Lamarr / Actress / United States of America
10 DecemberDorothy Lamour / Actress / United States of America
11 NovemberHenry Wade / Lawyer / United States of America
15 January Stefan Bałuk / General / Poland
15 February Hale Boggs / Politician / United States of America
16 January Roger Wagner / Educator / United States of America
16 SeptemberAllen Funt / Producer / United States of America
18 OctoberRaymond Lambert / Mountaineer / Switzerland
18 February Pee Wee King / Writer / United States of America
19 AugustLajos Baróti / Footballer / Hungary
21 SeptemberSlam Stewart / Composer / United States of America
21 March Paul Tortelier / Composer / France
26 MayFrankie Manning / Dancer / United States of America
26 February Robert Alda / Actor / United States of America
29 OctoberMaxim of Bulgaria / Patriarch / Bulgaria
29 JuneRafael Kubelík / Composer / United States of America
31 January Jersey Joe Walcott / Boxer / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1914:

YearName / Profession / Country
15 NovemberV. R. Krishna Iyer / Lawyer / India
01 JanuarySarat Chandra Sinha / Politician / India
18 MarchMaharaj Sri Nagendra Singh  / Lawyer / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw / Indian Army / India
18 MaySarukkai Jagannathan / NA / India
01 FebruaryAk Hangal / Actor / India
08 JulyJyoti Basu / Politician / India
03 AprilSam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Ma / Soldier / India
26 DecemberBaba Amte / Social Worker / India
17 DecemberMushtaq Ali / Cricketer / India
NA NASarla Thakral / Pilot / India
25 SeptemberDevi Lal / Politician / India
08 JulyJyoti Basu / Politician / India
01 FebruaryA.K. Hangal / Actor / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Freedom Fighter / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sehgal / Freedom Fighter / India
24 OctoberLakshmi Sahgal / Army Officer / India
18 MarchDr. Nagendra Singh / Politician / India
03 AprilSam Manekshaw / Army Chief / India
22 FebruaryDev Kant Barooah / Politician / India
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