1916 in History – What happened in year 1916

✅ Published on April 7th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1916 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1916.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1916 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
15 marchSix days after Pancho Villa and his cross-border raiders attacked Columbus, New Mexico, US General John J. Pershing led apunitive expedition into Mexico to pursue Villa.
24 aprilIrish republicans led by Patrick Pearse began the Easter Rising against British rule in Ireland, and proclaimed the Irish Republic an independent state.
10 mayErnest Shackleton and five companions completed one ofhistory's greatest small-boat journeys when they arrived at SouthGeorgia after an 800-nautical-mile (1,500 km) journey in a lifeboat.
15 mayJesse Washington, a teenage African-American farmhand, was lynched in Waco, Texas, US, in what became a well-known example of racially motivated lynching.
16 mayThe United Kingdom and France signed the Sykes–Picot Agreement, a secret agreement considered to have shaped the Middle East, defining the borders of Iraq and Syria.
31 mayThe German Kaiserliche Marine and British Royal Navy clashed inthe Battle of Jutland, the largest naval battle of the First World War.
01 juneLouis Brandeis became the first Jew to be appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
01 julyFirst World War-The first day of the Battle of Albert, the opening phase of the Battle of the Somme, became the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army, with 57,470 casualties of which 19,240 were killed or died of wounds.
15 julyWilliam Boeing incorporated the Pacific Aero Products Company, which was later renamed Boeing.
19 julyFirst World War-'The worst 24 hours in Australia's entirehistory' occurred when Australian forces suffered heavy losses in theirunsuccessful assault on the Germans at the Battle of Fromelles inFrance.
27 julyBritish mariner Charles Fryatt was executed at Bruges, Belgiumafter a court-martial found him to be a franc-tireur.
30 julyGerman agents caused a major explosion when they sabotagedAmerican ammunition supplies to prevent the materiel from being used bythe Allies of World War I.
03 augustIrish nationalist Sir Roger Casement was hanged at London'sPentonville Prison for treason for his role in the Easter Rising, arebellion to win Irish independence from Britain.
05 augustFirst World War-The British Empire's Sinai and Palestinecampaign began with a victory in the Battle of Romani.
25 augustThe National Park Service is created by congress with the 'National Park Service Organic Act' to converse areas classified as national parks and the National Register of Historic Places.
15 septemberThe British launch a major offensive against the Germans at the Battle of the Somme, using 40 primitive tanks for the first time in history.
15 septemberTanks, the 'secret weapons' of the British Army during theFirst World War, were first used in combat at the Battle of the Somme inSomme, Picardy, France, leading to strategic Allied victory.
27 septemberLij Iyasu, the emperor-designate of Ethiopia, was deposed infavor of his aunt, Zewditu.
27 octoberSupporters of deposed Ethiopian Emperor-designate Iyasu V weredefeated at the Battle of Segale, ending their attempt to restore him tothe throne.
05 novemberAn armed confrontation in Everett, Washington, US, betweenlocal authorities and members of the Industrial Workers of the Worldresulted in seven deaths.
05 decemberBritish Prime Minister H. H. Asquith resigned due to his lack of vigour over the conduct of the Great War.
18 decemberThe French defeated German forces around the city of Verdun-sur-Meuse in northeast France, ending the longest battle and one of the bloodiest in World War I.
23 decemberFirst World War-Allied forces gained a strategic victory in the Battle of Magadha, located in the Sinai Peninsula.
06 JuneWomen were given the right to vote in East Cleveland, USA.
20 JuneSNDT Women's University was established in Pune.
02 JulyGeological Survey of India Department was established.
15 JulyBoeing, the world's largest aerospace company, started.
06 SeptemberThe first super market opened in Tennessee, USA.
15 SeptemberTanks were used in the Battle of the Somme for the first time during World War I.
16 SeptemberClassical singer and actress MS awarded the Bharat Ratna, the country's largest civilian honor. Subbalakshmi was born.

Famous birthdays in the year 1916:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 January Zypora Spaisman / Actress / United States of America
03 January Maxene Andrews / Singer / United States of America
05 AugustPeter Viereck / Poet / United States of America
06 AugustDom Mintoff / Politician / Malta
08 DecemberRichard Fleischer / Producer / United States of America
10 DecemberWalt Arfons / Racing Car Driver / United States of America
11 January Bernard Blier / Actor / France
11 DecemberPérez Prado / Writer / Mexico
14 AprilDon Willesee / Politician / Australia
16 March Mercedes McCambridge / Actress / United States of America
17 February Alexander Obolensky / Pilot / Russia
24 January Rafael Caldera / Politician / Venezuela
25 MayBrian Dickson / Lawyer / Canada
26 JulyJaime Luiz Coelho / Bishop / Brazil
27 DecemberCathy Lewis / Actress / United States of America
27 DecemberWerner Baumbach / Pilot / Germany
27 SeptemberS. Yizhar / Politician / Israel
28 February Cesar Climaco / Politician / Philippines
29 March Eugene McCarthy / Politician / United States of America
31 MayBernard Lewis / Author / United Kingdom

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1916:

YearName / Profession / Country
10 FebruaryDarbara Singh / Politician / India
05 MayGiani Zail Singh / Politician / India
11 OctoberNanaji Deshmukh / Activist / India
21 NovemberJadu Nath Singh / Soldier / India
05 MayGyani Zail Singh / Politician / India
11 AugustGopal Gurunath Bewoor / Soldier / India
08 MayChinmayananda Saraswati / Educator / India
13 MaySachidananda Routray / Poet / India
25 March S. M. Pandit / Painter / India
31 JulyMohan Lal Sukhadia / Politician / India
16 SeptemberM. S. Subbulakshmi / Singer / India
21 March Bismillah Khan / Shehnai Player / India
04 MayZail Singh / Politician / India
05 MayZail Singh / Politician / India
30 AugustShailendra / Writer / India
17 AugustAmritlal Nagar / Writer / India
08 MayRamananda Sengupta / Cinematographer / India
03 AugustShakeel Badayuni / Poet / India
24 DecemberP. Shilu Ao / Politician / India
16 SeptemberMadurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi / Vocalist / India
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