Year 1943 in History - Important Historical Events of the year 1943

The year 1943 has a special significance of its own in India and world history. Let us know some such important events of the year 1943 such as: born famous people, death of famous people, war treaty, independence of a country, invention of new technology, change of power, important national and international day etc., knowing which your general Knowledge will increase.

Important Historical Events of the Year 1943 in World ⚡

DateIncident/Event
14 januaryWinston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Charles de Gaulle, and Henri Giraud ) met in Casablanca to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II.
15 januaryThe highest-capacity office building in the world, the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense known as the Pentagon, was dedicated.
18 januaryWorld War II: As part of Operation Iskra, the Soviet Red Army broke the Siege of Leningrad, opening a narrow land corridor to the city.
29 januaryWorld War II-The Battle of Rennell Island, the last major naval engagement between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Guadalcanal Campaign, began.
02 februaryWorld War II-The Soviet Red Army captured 91,000 tired and starving German soldiers, ending the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the bloodiest battles in human history.
07 februaryWorld War II-Japan successfully withdrew its troops from Guadalcanal.
09 februaryWorld War II-Allied forces declared Guadalcanal secure, ended the Guadalcanal Campaign as a significant strategic victory for Allied Forces fighting Japan in the Pacific War.
14 februaryWorld War II: General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim's Fifth Panzer Army launched a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
16 februarySecond World War-Norwegian commandos trained by the British Special Operations Executive destroyed a factory to prevent the German nuclear energy project from acquiring heavy water.
18 februaryJoseph Goebbels, Hitler's propaganda minister, delivered theSportpalast speech to motivate the German people when the tide of WorldWar II was turning against Germany.
20 februaryA fissure opened in a cornfield in the Mexican state of Michoacán and turned into the cinder cone volcano Parícutin , growing 424 m (1,391 ft) in eight years.
20 februaryThe Saturday Evening Post published the first of NormanRockwell's Four Freedoms, some of the most widely distributed painting sever produced, in support of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt's 'Four Freedoms'.
03 marchSecond World War-During a German aerial attack on London, 173people were killed in a stampede while trying to enter Bethnal Greentube station, which was being used as an air raid shelter.
05 marchThe Gloster Meteor, the first operational jetfighter for the Allied Powers, had its first flight.
13 marchThe Holocaust: Nazi German troops began liquidating the Jewish Ghetto in Kraków, Poland, sending about 8, 000 Jews deemed able to work to the Plaszow labor camp, with the rest either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
15 marchWorld War II-German forces recaptured Kharkov after four daysof house-to-house fighting against Soviet troops, ending the month-longThird Battle of Kharkov.
19 marchBerlin was declared as Judenrein on May 19, 1943 following the Holocaust, a genocide in which millions of Jews were killed by Nazi regime and its collaboration during World War II.
21 marchSecond World War-Wehrmacht officer Rudolf Christoph von Gersdorff attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bombing, but had to abort the plan at the last minute.
22 marchWorld War II-The entire population of the village of Khatyn Belarus was burnt alive by Nazi German forces, with participation from their Ukrainian and Belarusian collaborators.
13 aprilThe neoclassical Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C., was formally dedicated on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birthday.
13 aprilWorld War II-German news announced the discovery of a mass grave of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government-in-exile and the USSR.
19 aprilThe Holocaust Nazi troops entered the Warsaw Ghetto to round up the remaining Jews, sparking the first mass uprising in Poland against the German occupation.
30 aprilSecond World War: The Royal Navy submarine HMS Seraph began Operation Mincemeat to deceive Germany about the upcoming invasion of Sicily.
14 maySecond World War: Australian Hospital Ship Centaur was attacked and sunk by a Japanese submarine off the coast of Queensland, killing 268 people aboard.
16 mayRoyal Air Force Dambusters embarked on a raid to deploy bouncing bombs on German dams in Operation Chastise during the Second World War.
19 mayBerlin was declared as Judenrein on May 19, 1943 following the Holocaust, a genocide in which millions of Jews were killed by Nazi regime and its collaboration during World War II.
01 juneEight German Junkers Ju 88s shot down British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 over the Bay of Biscay off the coast of Spain and France, killing actor Leslie Howard and several other notable passengers.
03 juneOff-duty US sailors fought with Mexican American youths in LosAngeles, spawning the Zoot Suit Riots.
20 juneRioting between blacks and whites began on Belle Isle, Detroit,Michigan, and continued for three days.
01 julyTokyo City was dissolved, with its territory divided into thespecial wards of the newly created Tokyo Metropolis.
04 julyThe aircraft carrying Wladyslaw Sikorski, Prime Minister ofthe Polish government-in-exile, crashed, killing him and fifteen others,leading to several conspiracy theories.
09 julyAn amphibious attack was performed by allied forces on Sicily. This operation was known as operation husky. This event occurred during 2nd world war. The allied forces invaded the Italian city Sicily which was under control of Axis forces. It was a major amphibious and airborne campaign.
11 julyIn a massive ethnic cleansing operation, units of the UkrainianInsurgent Army attacked various Polish villages in the Volhynia regionof present-day Ukraine, killing the Polish civilians and burning thosesettlements to the ground.
12 julyBattle of Prokhorovka took place. It was fought between the armies of Soviet Union and Germany. It was one of the largest numbered tank battles. It was fought during 2nd world war. The battle took place on the land of soviet Union.
12 julyWorld War II-German and Soviet forces engaged each other at the Battle of Prokhorovka, one of the largest tank battles in military history.
24 julySecond World War-RAF Bomber Command began Operation Gomorrah,the strategic bombing of Hamburg, Germany, eventually killing at least50,000 and leaving over a million others homeless.
25 julyThe Grand Council of Fascism voted a motion of no confidence against Benito Mussolini who was arrested the same day by King Victor Emmanuel III and replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
17 augustSecond World War-The Royal Air Force began a strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany's V-weapon programme by attacking the Peenemünde Army Research Center.
23 augustWorld War II-The decisive Soviet victory in the Battle ofKursk gave the Red Army the strategic initiative for the rest of thewar.
06 septemberA group of businessmen in Monterrey, Mexico, founded theMonterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, now one of thelargest universities in Latin America.
20 septemberWorld War II-Australian troops defeated Imperial Japaneseforces at the Battle of Kaiapit in New Guinea.
10 octoberWorld War II-The Kempeitai, the military police arm of theImperial Japanese Army, arrested and tortured over 50 civilians andcivilian internees on suspicion of their involvement in a raid onSingapore Harbour during Operation Jaywick.
13 octoberItaly declared war on Germany, which was once its ally, and was also referred to as co-belligerent by the United Nations.
13 octoberWorld War II-With a new government led by General PietroBadoglio, parts of Italy switched sides to the Allies and declared waron the Axis powers.
14 octoberItaly declared war on Germany, which was once its ally, and was also referred to as co-belligerent by the United Nations.
14 octoberWorld War II-With a new government led by General Pietro Badoglio, parts of Italy switched sides to the Allies and declared waron the Axis powers.
17 octoberThe Holocaust-Three days after a successful revolt by inmates,Sobibor extermination camp in eastern Poland was closed.
19 octoberStreptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, wasfirst isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
19 octoberAllied aircraft sank the cargo ship Sinfra, killing over 2,000 people, mostly Italian POWs.
05 novemberWorld War II-An unknown aircraft dropped four bombs on Vatican City, which maintained neutrality during the war.
15 novemberAs per orders passed by Heinrich Himmler, all Gypsies along with those of mixed Gypsy blood should be placed in concentration along with the Jews.
15 novemberThe Holocaust-Heinrich Himmler ordered that Romanies were tobe put 'on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps'.
19 novemberThe Holocaust-Inmates at the Janowska concentration camp nearmodern Lviv, Ukraine, staged a failed uprising, after which the SSliquidated the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths.
28 novemberWorld War II-U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met at the Tehran Conference to discuss war strategy against the Axis powers.
02 decemberWorld War II-The Luftwaffe conducted a surprise air raid onAllied ships in Bari, Italy, sinking 18 ships and releasing one ship'ssecret cargo of mustard gas.
04 decemberThe Works Progress Administration has come to an end. It had been built in 1930s to provide jobs during the period of Great Depression.
28 decemberSecond World War-After eight days of brutal house-to-house fighting, the 1st Indian Infantry Division captured the Italian town of Ortona.
13 JuneFreedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose began his journey from Germany to Tokyo by submarine.
10 JulyThe US, British and Canadian forces attacked the island of Sicily during the Second World War.
03 SeptemberThe Allies attacked Italy during the second world war.
10 SeptemberThe German army occupied Rome and took the security of Vatican City.
13 OctoberItaly declared a fight against Germany's former Allies.
14 OctoberItaly declared a fight against Germany's former Allies.
19 OctoberAlbert Schütz, a student of Rutgerg University, developed the drug \ 'streptomycin \' used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
23 OctoberNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose founded the 'Rani Brigade of Jhansi' of Azad Hind Fauj in Singapore.
26 OctoberThe cholera epidemic in Calcutta (then Kolkata) killed 2155 people in the third week of October.
31 OctoberIndian scientist and former chairman of \ 'ISRO \. Madhavan Nair was born.
06 NovemberDuring the Second World War, Japan handed over Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
17 NovemberA conference of the same name started in Qahera, the capital of Egypt. One of the most important decisions was the independence of Korea.
05 DecemberJapanese airplane bombed Kolkata. Kolkata was attacked for the first time during the day.
30 DecemberFreedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose waved India's independence flag at Port Blair.
03 JanuaryFor the first time, information about missing people was broadcast on television.
07 JanuaryThe famous American Serbian inventor Nikola Tesla, the father of Wi-Fi, died.
15 JanuaryConstruction of Pentagon, world's largest office building, completed.
16 JanuaryThe first air strike of the US Air Force occurred on the island of Ambon, Indonesia.
27 JanuaryThe US launched an air strike on Germany for the first time.
07 FebruaryThe shoe rationing system was implemented in America.
08 FebruaryFreedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose left for Japan via a ferry from Kell, Germany.
17 MarchWillem J. Kolff performed the world's first hemodialysis using an artificial kidney machine that failed.
26 MarchElsie S. Ott received the US Air Force Medal and became the first woman to receive this medal.
16 JanuaryIraq entered World War II, Germany, Italy and Japan declared war.
19 FebruaryThe third battle of Kharkov began.
03 MarchGandhi of Mohandas ended his fast after 21 days.
06 AprilThe war of the Wadi Aktitat began in Tunisia.
22 MayBritish commandos raided the Yugoslavian island of Maggette in an operation Farrier.
20 JuneThe New Georgia Campaign began.
11 JulyThe American won the Battle of Enogai from New Georgia.
07 AugustThe Second Battle of Smolensk began on the Eastern Front.
09 SeptemberThe Battle of Rhodes began between the German and Italian forces.
06 OctoberBritish commandos successfully completed Operation Devon.
07 NovemberThe Soviet 1st Tank Army captured the city of Fastive near Kiev.
08 DecemberVera's war ended in an Allied victory.

Important Historical Events of the Year 1943 in India ⚡

DateIncident/Event
28 decemberSecond World War-After eight days of brutal house-to-house fighting, the 1st Indian Infantry Division captured the Italian town of Ortona.
31 OctoberIndian scientist and former chairman of \ 'ISRO \. Madhavan Nair was born.
30 DecemberFreedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose waved India's independence flag at Port Blair.

Notable birthdays of the year 1943 😀

DayMonthName/Category/Country
21JanuaryPratibha Ray / Female / Author / India
23AugustReita Faria / Female / Doctor / India

📅 Last update : 2022-06-28 11:44:49