Year 1945 in History - Important Historical Events of the year 1945

The year 1945 has a special significance of its own in India and world history. Let us know some such important events of the year 1945 such as: born famous people, death of famous people, war treaty, independence of a country, invention of new technology, change of power, important national and international day etc., knowing which your general Knowledge will increase.

Important Historical Events of the Year 1945 in World ⚡

DateIncident/Event
01 januarySecond World War: The German Luftwaffe launched Operation Bodenplatte in an attempt to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries.
12 januaryWorld War II-The Soviet Union's Red Army crossed the Vistula River in Poland on their way to invade Germany.
16 januaryWorld War II-Adolf Hitler and his staff moved into the Führerbunker, where he would eventually commit suicide.
20 januaryWorld War II-Germany began the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, an operation which took nearly two months to complete.
23 januaryGerman Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered the beginning ofOperation Hannibal, which became one of the largest emergencyevacuations by sea in history, with over 1 million people transferredover 15 weeks.
26 januaryAudie Murphy engaged in action that won him a Medal of Honor And made him one of the most famous and decorated American combat soldiers of World War II.
27 januaryThe Soviet Red Army liberated over 7,500 prisoners left behind by Nazi personnel in the Auschwitz concentration camp in Oswiecim,Poland.
30 januaryWorld War II-Allied forces liberated over 500 prisoners of war from a Japanese POW camp near Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines.
09 februaryWorld War II-HMS Venturer sank U-864 in history's only incident where one submarine has intentionally sunk another while both were fully submerged.
09 februaryWorld War II-A force of Allied aircraft unsuccessfully attacked a German destroyer in Førdefjorden, Norway.
13 februaryWorld War II-The Allies began their strategic bombing ofDresden, Saxony, Germany, resulting in a lethal firestorm which killedtens of thousands of civilians.
23 februarySecond World War-In an Allied bombing run on Pforzheim,Germany, approximately 31% of the town's population were killed and 83% of its buildings were destroyed.
23 februaryAmerican photographer Joe Rosenthal took the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima during the Battle of IwoJima, an image that was later reproduced as the U.S. Marine Corps WarMemorial.
03 marchA former Armia Krajowa unit massacred at least 150 Ukrainian civilians in Pawlokoma, Poland.
06 marchPetru Groza of the Ploughmen's Front, became the first Prime Minister of the Communist Party-dominated governments of Romania.
07 marchWorld War II-In Operation Lumberjack, Allied forces seized the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine, enabling them to establish and expanda lodgement on German soil that changed the entire nature of theconflict on the Western Front.
09 marchWorld War II-A bomb raid on Tokyo by American B-29 heavy bombers started a firestorm, killing over 100,000 people.
11 marchWorld War II-The Empire of Japan established the Empire of Vietnam, a short-lived puppet state, with B?o Ð?i as its ruler.
14 marchThe British Royal Air Force first used the Grand Slam, a 22,000lb (9.98 t) earthquake bomb, on a strategic railroad viaduct inBielefeld, Germany.
21 marchWorld War II-Bulgaria and the Soviet Union successfully defended the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubia Hills concluded.
22 marchEgypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan, andYemen founded the Arab League, a regional organization that facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific and social programs designedto promote the interests of the Arab world.
27 marchWorld War II-The United States Army Air Forces began Operation Starvation, laying naval mines in many of Japan's vital water routes and ports to disrupt shipping.
29 marchWorld War II-The German 4th Army was almost completely destroyed by the Soviet Red Army at the Heiligenberg Pocket in East Prussia.
01 aprilAn iceberg known as 'Steel Rain' hit Okinawa, causing variousamphibious species, native to the UK and the US, to flock to theislands.
04 aprilWorld War II-The U.S. Third Army captured the German city of Kassel after three days of fighting.
06 aprilSecond World War-The Battle of Slater's Knoll on Bougainville Island concluded with a decisive victory for the Australian Army 7th Brigade.
11 aprilWorld War II-American forces liberated the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Germany.
13 aprilWorld War II-Soviet and Bulgarian forces captured Vienna in German-occupied Austria.
16 aprilWorld War II-Nearly one million Soviet soldiers began the Battle of the Seelow Heights against the 'Gates of Berlin'.
22 aprilAbout 600 prisoners of the Jasenovac concentration camp in the Independent State of Croatia revolted, but only 80 managed to escape while the other 520 were killed by the Croatian Ustaše regime.
25 aprilGerman troops retreated from northern Finland, bringing the Lapland War to a close.
26 aprilWorld War II-Both the German and Polish–Soviet sides claimed victory as major fighting in the Battle of Bautzen ended.
30 aprilWorld War II-As Allied forces were closing in on Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide in the Führerbunker after being married for one day.
02 mayGerman forces signed the ‘instrument of surrender’ to surrender in Italy which formally end the Italian Campaign on May 2, 1945. The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operation in and around Italy.
02 mayWorld War II General Helmuth Weidling, commander of the German troops in Berlin, surrendered the city to Soviet forces led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov, ending the Battle of Berlin.
03 maySecond World War-German ocean liner Cap Arcona, left to floatde fencelessly in the Bay of Lübeck with thousands of prisoners fromvarious concentration camps on board, was attacked and sunk by RAFT yphoons.
04 mayGerman Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery signed the terms of unconditional surrender of the German forces in Netherland, Norway and Denmark on May 4, 1945 which preceded the end of World War II in Europe.
04 maySecond World War: Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery accepted the unconditional surrender of the German forces in the Netherlands, northwest Germany, and Denmark.
08 mayVictory in Europe Day or simply known as V-E Day was firstly celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the end of World War II in Europe. On this day, Allies of World War II formally accepted the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany’s armed forces.
08 mayIn the presence of Allied commanders the representatives of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht signed the German Instrument of Surrender,ending World War II in Europe .
08 mayA parade to celebrate the end of World War II turned into a riot, followed by widespread disturbances and killings in and around Sétif, French Algeria.
09 mayThe Soviet government marked the Victory Day in World War II on May 9, 1945 after the signing of the surrender document by Nazi Germany. 9 May was celebrated to commemorate the victory of Red Army over the Nazi forces.
22 mayThe United States Army formed a plan to evacuate Germanscientists and engineers to help in the development of rockettechnology.
05 juneThe Allied Control Council took control over Germany. The Allied Control Council was a military governing body. It was comprised mainly of three nations USA, UK and Soviet Union, later France was also added to the council. This all event occurred after World War 2 which was resulted in German defeat.
22 juneThe Battle of Okinawa came to an end. The Battle of Okinawa codenamed Operation Iceberg, was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and included the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War during World War II. The 82-day-long battle lasted from early April until mid-June 1945.
26 juneThe United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco. As a charter, it is a constituent treaty, and all members are bound by its articles. Furthermore, Article 103 of the Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations. Most countries in the world have now ratified the Charter.
26 juneAt a conference in San Francisco, delegates from 50 nationssigned a charter establishing the United Nations.
04 julyThe Brazilian cruiser Bahia was accidentally sunk by one ofits own crewmen, killing more than 300 and stranding the survivors inshark-infested waters.
05 julyThe liberation of the Philippines was declared during world war 2. It is an island country in Southeast Asia located in the western Pacific Ocean. It comprised of more than seven thousand islands which are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions named as Luzon, Mindanao and Visayas.
16 julyManhattan Project-'Trinity', the first nuclear test explosion,was carried out near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
17 julyJoseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Harry S. Truman, leadersof the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United Statesrespectively, met in Potsdam to decide what should be done with post-World War II Germany.
26 julyThe Labour Party won the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, replacing Winston Churchill as Prime Minister with Clement Attlee.
06 augustThe atomic bomb “Little Boy” is dropped by the United States on Hiroshima. It is the most powerful bomb ever used which led to the death of approximately 140,000 people.
06 augustWorld War II-The U.S. Army Air Force bomber Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb named 'Little Boy' on Hiroshima, Japan, killing as many as 140,000 people.
09 augustThe United States dropped the second atomic bomb killing more than 70,000 citizens in Nagasaki, Japan. The first bomb had been dropped 3 days earlier on Hiroshima..
09 augustWorld War II-USAAF bomber Bockscar dropped an atomic bombnamed 'Fat Man', devastating Nagasaki, Japan.
10 augustDue to the Atomic bombs, Japan notified its desire to surrender to Allies given that the status of their Emperor Hirohito stays the same.
11 augustAmid rumors of kidnappings of children by Jews in Kraków, acrowd of Poles engaged in a pogrom, which resulted in one dead and fivewounded victims.
15 augustThe Gyokuon-hoso was broadcast in Japan, announcing theunconditional surrender of the Japanese army and naval forces.
17 augustAnimal Farm, British author George Orwell's satirical allegoryof Soviet to talitarianism, was first published.
17 augustSukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed the independence of Indonesia, igniting the Indonesian National Revolution against the Dutch Empire.
19 augustDuring the August Revolution against French colonial rule, theViet Minh under Ho Chi Minh took control of Hanoi in northern Vietnam.
21 augustAmerican physicist Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. accidentally droppeda tungsten carbide brick onto a delta phase plutonium bomb core andexposed himself to a lethal dose of neutron radiation, becoming thefirst known fatality due to a criticality accident 25 days later.
25 augustArmed supporters of the Communist Party of China killed American military intelligence officer and Baptist missionary John Birchas he was leading a mission to reach Allied personnel in a Japanese prison camp.
26 augustIt has been disclose that more than 25,000 mice were utilized in the Manhattan project to see if radiation would have any ill effects on the workers in Atomic Bomb Plants.
28 augustRationing for butter is to be decreased again with the red points required for butter going down to 12 points per pound; this is the second decrease since July when butter was 24 red points per pound.
31 augustThe Liberal Party of Australia, one of the two major Australianpolitical parties, was founded to replace the United Australia Party.
02 septemberJapan formally capitulates to the Allied Forces, drawing World War II to a close.
02 septemberOn the deck of the United States Navy battleship Missouri inTokyo Bay, representatives from the Empire of Japan and several Allied Powers signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, formally ending World War II.
05 septemberCold War-Soviet cipher clerk Igor Gouzenko defected to Canada with over 100 documents on Soviet espionage activities and sleeperagents.
09 septemberThe surrendering of the 1,000,000 Japanese troops to China brought an end to the second Sino-Japanese war.
10 septemberMike the Headless Chicken was decapitated in a farm in Colorado; he survived another 18 months as part of sideshows before choking to death in Phoenix, Arizona.
11 septemberThe Japanese-run camp at Batu Lintang, Sarawak, in Borneo wasliberated by the Australian 9th Division, averting the planned massacreof its 2,000-plus Allied POWs and civilian internees by four days.
12 octoberThe Nazi party is asked to disperse by The Allied Control Council. It has been warned that any attempt at its restoration in any form would be considered to be a criminal offense.
15 octoberPierre Laval, twice head of government of Vichy France, wasexecuted for high treason.
16 octoberThe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was founded in Quebec City, Canada, to lead international efforts to defeat hunger.
18 octoberArgentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marriedpopular actress Eva Duarte, better known as Evita.
21 octoberWomen in France are given voting rights as part of the woman's suffrage movement. This will now allow them to vote in the parliamentary elections as part of the woman's suffrage movement.
24 octoberChina, France, the Soviet Union, the UK and the US approve the charter for a newly and officially established United Nations.
24 octoberThe UN Charter, the constitution of the United Nations, entered into force after being ratified by the Republic of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, and a majority ofthe other signatories.
25 octoberChina succeeds the Taiwanese administration following Japan succumbing to the Allies.
10 novemberIndonesian National Revolution-Following the killing of theBritish officer Brigadier A. W. S. Mallaby a few weeks prior, Britishforces began their retaliation by attacking Surabaya, Indonesia.
12 novemberSudirman was elected the first commander-in-chief of theIndonesian Armed Forces.
13 novemberGeneral Chiang Kai-Shek’s troops took over the Chinese coastal Great Wall town of Shanhaikwan implying the victory of the nationalists over the communists.
16 novemberThe United Nations Educational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization (UNESCO) was founded.
20 novemberThe Nuremberg trials of 24 leading Nazisinvolved in the Holocaust and various war crimes during World War II began in Nuremberg, Germany.
05 decemberFlight 19, a squadron of five U.S. naval TBF Avenger torpedo bombers, disappeared in the area now known as the Bermuda Triangle.
02 MaySeeing himself surrounded all around, German dictator Hitlen committed suicide, and a week later, Germany formally surrendered and World War ended. However, the fight on behalf of Japan was still continuing.
26 June50 countries signed the United Nations Declaration in San Francisco.
16 JulyThe US conducted its first test of the atomic bomb.
02 SeptemberCommunist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam independent.
02 SeptemberThe Second World War ended after Japan accepted defeat. World War II lasted for six years.
09 OctoberFamous Indian sarod maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan was born.
21 OctoberWomen in France got the right to vote for the first time.
24 OctoberThe United Nations was established after World War II with the signature of 50 countries for international cooperation, security, economic development, human rights, social progress and world peace.
30 OctoberIndia joined the United Nations.
05 NovemberThe trial of the cases of prisoners of Indian National Army (INA) started at Red Fort.
06 NovemberFor the first time a jet aircraft FR-1 fireball landed on the aircraft carrier USS Wake Island.
08 NovemberThe ferry accident in Hong Kong killed 1550 people.
16 NovemberThe United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization i.e. UNESCO was decided.
05 AugustUS airplanes dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
06 AugustThe US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima city in Japan.
09 AugustThe US dropped the second atomic bomb named Fat on Nagasaki city in Japan.
10 AugustAfter the defeat of Japan in World War II, the northern part of Korea went under the authority of the Red Army of Russia and a few days later the southern part of Korea went to the right of America.
18 AugustHe died due to a plane crash of Subhash Chandra Bose at Taihoku Airport, Taiwan.
30 AugustAt the end of the second world war, the Allied Military Control Council was established over Germany.
09 DecemberActor and politician Shatrughan Sinha was born.
18 DecemberThe South American country of Uruguay became a member of the United Nations.
27 DecemberThe International Monetary Fund was established with 29 member countries. The objective of this institution is to keep the foreign exchange values ​​stable, streamline commercial development and progress etc.
20 JanuaryFranklin D. Roosevelt became the US President for the fourth time.
21 JanuaryFranklin D. Roosevelt became the President of the US for the fourth time.
13 FebruaryThe Soviet Union captured the Hungarian capital Budapest after a 49-day war with Germany in which one lakh 59 thousand people died.
14 FebruaryPeru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador became members of the United Nations.
23 FebruaryThe US hoisted its flag on Japan-controlled island Evo Jima.
24 FebruaryEgypt and Syria declared war against Nazi Germany.
25 FebruaryDuring World War II, Turkey declared war on Germany.
10 MarchDuring World War II, American warplanes heavily bombed Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Due to which about 1 lakh ordinary citizens of Tokyo were killed.
12 AprilThe demise of US President Roosevelt.
12 AprilUS President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in office, Vice President Harry Truman became President.
21 AprilDuring the Second World War, the Soviet Union occupied the outskirts of Berlin.
30 AprilGerman dictator Hitler and his wife Eva Brown committed suicide.
09 JanuaryThe Battle of Bestang Pass began north of Manila.
15 FebruaryGermany started Operation Sankranti on the Eastern Front.
11 MarchBurma saved Mamte, the 36th division of the British.
12 AprilThe Battle of Athition ended with the victory of the Allies
09 MayGerman occupation of the Channel Islands ended.
14 JuneA victory parade was held in Rangoon.
14 JulyItaly declared war on Japan the next day.
09 AugustMongolia declares war with Japan
13 SeptemberThe war started in Vietnam.
12 OctoberThe Communists won the Shangdang campaign.
09 NovemberCanada ratified the United Nations Charter.
10 DecemberAlcide de Gaspieri became the Prime Minister of Italy.

Important Historical Events of the Year 1945 in India ⚡

DateIncident/Event
09 OctoberFamous Indian sarod maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan was born.
30 OctoberIndia joined the United Nations.
05 NovemberThe trial of the cases of prisoners of Indian National Army (INA) started at Red Fort.

📅 Last update : 2022-06-28 11:44:49