1945 in History – What happened in year 1945

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1945 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1945.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1945 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 januarySecond World War: The German Luftwaffe launched Operation Bodenplatte in an attempt to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries.
12 januaryWorld War II-The Soviet Union's Red Army crossed the Vistula River in Poland on their way to invade Germany.
16 januaryWorld War II-Adolf Hitler and his staff moved into the Führerbunker, where he would eventually commit suicide.
20 januaryWorld War II-Germany began the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, an operation which took nearly two months to complete.
23 januaryGerman Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered the beginning ofOperation Hannibal, which became one of the largest emergencyevacuations by sea in history, with over 1 million people transferredover 15 weeks.
26 januaryAudie Murphy engaged in action that won him a Medal of Honor And made him one of the most famous and decorated American combat soldiers of World War II.
27 januaryThe Soviet Red Army liberated over 7,500 prisoners left behind by Nazi personnel in the Auschwitz concentration camp in Oswiecim,Poland.
30 januaryWorld War II-Allied forces liberated over 500 prisoners of war from a Japanese POW camp near Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines.
09 februaryWorld War II-HMS Venturer sank U-864 in history's only incident where one submarine has intentionally sunk another while both were fully submerged.
09 februaryWorld War II-A force of Allied aircraft unsuccessfully attacked a German destroyer in Førdefjorden, Norway.
13 februaryWorld War II-The Allies began their strategic bombing ofDresden, Saxony, Germany, resulting in a lethal firestorm which killedtens of thousands of civilians.
23 februarySecond World War-In an Allied bombing run on Pforzheim,Germany, approximately 31% of the town's population were killed and 83% of its buildings were destroyed.
23 februaryAmerican photographer Joe Rosenthal took the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima during the Battle of IwoJima, an image that was later reproduced as the U.S. Marine Corps WarMemorial.
03 marchA former Armia Krajowa unit massacred at least 150 Ukrainian civilians in Pawlokoma, Poland.
06 marchPetru Groza of the Ploughmen's Front, became the first Prime Minister of the Communist Party-dominated governments of Romania.
07 marchWorld War II-In Operation Lumberjack, Allied forces seized the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine, enabling them to establish and expanda lodgement on German soil that changed the entire nature of theconflict on the Western Front.
09 marchWorld War II-A bomb raid on Tokyo by American B-29 heavy bombers started a firestorm, killing over 100,000 people.
11 marchWorld War II-The Empire of Japan established the Empire of Vietnam, a short-lived puppet state, with B?o Ð?i as its ruler.
14 marchThe British Royal Air Force first used the Grand Slam, a 22,000lb (9.98 t) earthquake bomb, on a strategic railroad viaduct inBielefeld, Germany.
21 marchWorld War II-Bulgaria and the Soviet Union successfully defended the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubia Hills concluded.
22 marchEgypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan, andYemen founded the Arab League, a regional organization that facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific and social programs designedto promote the interests of the Arab world.
27 marchWorld War II-The United States Army Air Forces began Operation Starvation, laying naval mines in many of Japan's vital water routes and ports to disrupt shipping.
29 marchWorld War II-The German 4th Army was almost completely destroyed by the Soviet Red Army at the Heiligenberg Pocket in East Prussia.
01 aprilAn iceberg known as 'Steel Rain' hit Okinawa, causing variousamphibious species, native to the UK and the US, to flock to theislands.
04 aprilWorld War II-The U.S. Third Army captured the German city of Kassel after three days of fighting.
06 aprilSecond World War-The Battle of Slater's Knoll on Bougainville Island concluded with a decisive victory for the Australian Army 7th Brigade.
11 aprilWorld War II-American forces liberated the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Germany.
13 aprilWorld War II-Soviet and Bulgarian forces captured Vienna in German-occupied Austria.
16 aprilWorld War II-Nearly one million Soviet soldiers began the Battle of the Seelow Heights against the 'Gates of Berlin'.
22 aprilAbout 600 prisoners of the Jasenovac concentration camp in the Independent State of Croatia revolted, but only 80 managed to escape while the other 520 were killed by the Croatian Ustaše regime.

Famous birthdays in the year 1945:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AprilGuy Fréquelin / Racing Car Driver / France
02 AprilReggie Smith / Baseball Player / United States of America
06 January Barry John / Rugby Player / United Kingdom
06 March Angelo Castro / Journalist / Philippines
08 DecemberJohn Banville / Writer / Ireland
10 AprilKevin Berry / Swimmer / Australia
11 MayFloyd Adams Jr. / Politician / United States of America
12 DecemberPortia Simpson-Miller / Politician / Jamaica
13 AprilEd Caruthers / Jumper / United States of America
14 OctoberDaan Jippes / Author / Netherlands
14 SeptemberMartin Tyler / Sportscaster / United Kingdom
15 OctoberAntonio Cañizares Llovera / Cardinal / Spain
16 DecemberPatti Deutsch / Actress / United States of America
18 March Hiroh Kikai / Photographer / Japan
19 SeptemberRandolph Mantooth / Actor / United States of America
20 January Eric Stewart / Writer / United Kingdom
22 OctoberBuzz Potamkin / Producer / United States of America
23 March Franco Battiato / Writer / Italy
24 AprilRobert Knight / Singer / United States of America
25 January Dave Walker / Singer / United Kingdom

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1945:

YearName / Profession / Country
01 OctoberRamnath Kovind / Politician / India
09 OctoberAmjad Ali Khan / Instrumentalist / India
12 MayK. G. Balakrishnan / Lawyer / India
23 MayPadmarajan / Writer / India
31 MarchMeira Kumar / Lawyer / India
13 AugustRobin Jackman / Cricketer / India
02 AugustBunker Roy / Activist / India
17 SeptemberBhakti Charu Swami / Religious Leader / India
17 January Javed Akhtar / Poet / India
03 OctoberMadhavrao Scindia / Politician / India
26 MayVilasrao Deshmukh / Politician / India
17 MayB.S. Chandrasekhar / Cricketer / India
20 DecemberSivakant Tiwari / Author / India
26 MayVilasrao Deshmukh / Politician / India
17 SeptemberJoginder Jaswant Singh / Soldier / India
01 NovemberNarendra Dabholkar / Author / India
22 AprilGopalkrishna Gandhi / Politician / India
30 JulyNavin Chawla / Civil Servant / India
10 DecemberRanjana Kumar / Economist / India
21 AprilSrinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan / Cricketer / India
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