1956 in History – What happened in year 1956

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1956 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1956.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1956 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
08 januaryFive Evangelical Christian missionaries from the United States were killed by the Huaorani in the rainforest of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
25 februaryIn his speech 'On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences'to the 20th Party Congress, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denouncedthe personality cult and dictatorship of his predecessor Joseph Stalin.
01 marchThe NATO phonetic alphabet, today the most widely used spelling alphabet, was first implemented by the International Civil Aviation Organization.
09 marchIn Tbilisi, Georgia, Soviet military troops suppressed massdemonstrations against Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.
20 marchThe first United States airborne test of hydrogen bomb was conducted on May 20, 1956 over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
07 aprilSpain relinquished its protectorate in Morocco.
13 aprilThe Vietnamese National Army captured Ba Cut, military commander of the Hoa Hao religious sect, which ran a de facto state in southern Vietnam in opposition to Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem.
01 mayOn 1 May 1956, A doctor in Japan reported an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system”, marking the officially discovery of Minamata disease. Minamata diseases come under four big pollution disease of Japan caused by the release of methylmercury in the industry wastewater from the Chisso Corporation.
01 mayA doctor in Japan reported an 'epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system', marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.
09 mayWar Reparations and Peace Settlement between Philippines and Japan was signed on May 9, 1956 at Malacañang Palace under Philippines President Ramon Magsaysay administration, ending long drawn controversy between Philippines and Japan.
18 mayThe main summit of Lhotse was first climbed by a Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger on May 18, 1956. It is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres and located at the border between Tibet and Nepal.
20 mayThe first United States airborne test of hydrogen bomb was conducted on May 20, 1956 over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
24 mayThe first edition of the Eurovision Song Contest was held inLugano, Switzerland.
11 juneThe six-day Gal Oya riots, the first ethnic riots targeting theminority Sri Lankan Tamils in post-independent Sri Lanka, began,eventually resulting in the deaths of at least 150 people and 100injuries.
23 juneGamal Abdel Nasser became President of Egypt, a post he wouldhold until his death in 1970.
28 juneWorkers demanding better conditions held massive protests in Pozna?, Poland, but were violently repressed by the following day by 400 tanks and 10, 000 soldiers of the Polish People's Army and the Internal Security Corps.
06 augustDuMont, one of the world's first television networks, aired itslast program.
08 augustA fire in a coalmine in Marcinelle, Belgium kills 262 miners.
17 septemberNorman Buckley has smashed the World Water Speed Record in his motorboat, fondly named Miss Windermere III. He held an average speed of over 79mph on Lake Windermere.
17 octoberQueen Elizabeth II formally inaugurates the Sella field Nuclear Power Station, today. However, the power station had been functioning and providing electricity to the National Grid since 27th August1956.
23 octoberThe Hungarian Revolution began as a peaceful student demonstration which attracted thousands as it marched through central Budapest to the Parliament building.
31 octoberFollowing Egypt's decision to nationalize the Suez Canal Britain and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
03 novemberIn the midst of the Suez Crisis, during an invasion of the GazaStrip, Israeli soldiers shot dead hundreds of Palestinian refugees andlocal inhabitants in Khan Yunis.
02 decemberCuban Revolution-The yacht Granma, carrying Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement, reached theshores of Cuba.
06 decemberAt the Melbourne Olympics, 14-year-old swimmer Sandra Morganbecame the youngest Australian to win an Olympic gold medal.
19 decemberIrish-born British physician John Bodkin Adams was arrested in connection with the suspicious deaths of more than 160 of his patients, although he was only convicted on minor charges.
01 MayThe polio vaccine developed by the American scientist Jonas Salk was made available to the public.
13 JuneAfter 72 years of control, Britain handed over control of the Suez Canal to Egypt.
23 JuneJamal Abdul Nasir was elected President of Egypt.
20 JulyFrance declared Tunisia as an independent country.

Famous birthdays in the year 1956:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AugustFulvio Melia / Physicist / Italy
03 February Nathan Lane / Actor / United States of America
03 NovemberGary Ross / Producer / United States of America
07 DecemberLarry Bird / Basketball Player / United States of America
08 SeptemberMick Brown / Drummer / United States of America
08 AprilRoman Dragoun / Singer / Czech Republic
09 March David Willetts / Politician / United Kingdom
12 AprilAndy Garcia / Actor / United States of America
14 AprilBoris Šprem / Politician / Croatia
14 AugustSharon Bryant / Singer / United States of America
15 SeptemberMaggie Reilly / Singer / Scotland
19 January Susan Solomon / Chemist / United States of America
20 AprilKakha Bendukidze / Politician / Georgia
20 March Anne Donahue / Politician / United States of America
22 JuneTim Russ / Actor / United States of America
23 DecemberDave Murray / Writer / United Kingdom
26 NovemberDon Lake / Actor / Canada
27 MayGiuseppe Tornatore / Writer / Italy
30 March Juanito Oiarzabal / Mountaineer / Spain
30 DecemberSuzy Bogguss / Writer / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1956:

YearName / Profession / Country
04 January Sarojini Sahoo / Author / India
15 JanuaryMayawati / Politician / India
18 MarchArundhati Bhattacharya / Banker / India
10 OctoberGajendra Chauhan / Actor / India
19 AprilMukesh Rishi / Actor / India
06 JulyAnil Madhav Dave / Politician / India
04 JulyLaxmikant Parsekar / Politician / India
06 AprilDilip Vengsarkar / Cricketer / India
18 AugustSandeep Patil / Cricketer / India
10 AugustPerween Warsi / Business Woman / India
28 MarchDr Swati Piramal / Vice Chairperson / India
24 DecemberAnil Kapoor / Actor / India
15 January Mayawati / Politician / India
09 March Shashi Tharoor / Politician / India
21 SeptemberPrabuddha Dasgupta / Photographer / India
03 AugustBalwinder Sandhu / Cricketer / India
03 SeptemberJishu Dasgupta / Actor / India
07 JuneTiku Talsania / Actor / India
20 FebruaryAnnu Kapoor / Actor / India
02 AugustVijay Rupani / Politician / India
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