1962 in History – What happened in year 1962

In history, year 1962 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1962.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1962:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
10 februaryRoy Lichtenstein's first solo exhibition opened, and itincluded Look Mickey, which featured his first employment of Ben-Daydots, speech balloons and comic imagery sourcing, all of which he is nowknown for.
10 februaryRudolf Abel, a Soviet spy arrested by the FBI, was exchanged for Gary Powers, the pilot of the CIA spy plane that had been shot down over Soviet airspace two years earlier.
27 februaryTwo dissident Vietnam Air Force pilots bombed the IndependencePalace in Saigon in a failed attempt to assassinate South VietnamPresident Ngo Dinh Diem.
01 marchAmerican Airlines Flight 1 crashed shortly after takeoff from New York International (Idlewild) Airport, killing all 95 people aboard.
02 marchAmerican basketball player Wilt Chamberlain, thenplaying for the Philadelphia Warriors, scored 100 points in a gameagainst the New York Knicks at Hersheypark Arena in Hershey,Pennsylvania, still a record in the National Basketball Associationtoday.
13 marchChairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman Lemnitzerdelivered a proposal to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara calledOperation Northwoods to create public support for a war against FidelCastro and Cuba, which was eventually rejected by President John F.Kennedy.
16 marchFlying Tiger Line Flight 739, a charter flight carrying U.S.and South Vietnamese soldiers, disappeared without a trace, promptingone of the largest air and sea searches in the history of the Pacific.
19 marchDuring a televised birthday celebration for U.S. President JohnF. Kennedy at New York City's Madison Square Garden, actress and model Marilyn Monroe performed her infamous rendition of 'Happy Birthday to You'.
21 aprilThe Century 21 Exposition, the first world's fair in the United States since World War II, opened in Seattle, Washington.
08 mayRanbindra Bharati University was founded on 8th May in Kolkata to mark the birth centenary of Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore, the first non-European Nobel Prize winner in Literature.
09 mayThe first successful lunar laser ranging experiment was conducted on May 9, 1962 at Lexington when a team from Massachusetts Institute of Technology observed laser pulses reflected from moon’s surface using a laser.
19 mayDuring a televised birthday celebration for U.S. President JohnF. Kennedy at New York City's Madison Square Garden, actress and modelMarilyn Monroe performed her infamous rendition of 'Happy Birthday toYou'.
24 mayProject Mercury: American astronaut Scott Carpenter orbited the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule. Malcolm Scott Carpenter was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, astronaut, and aquanaut. He was one of the original seven astronauts selected for NASA's Project Mercury. Carpenter was the second American to orbit the Earth and the fourth American in space.
24 mayProject Mercury-American astronaut Scott Carpenter orbited theEarth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.
25 mayThe Baltimore Steam Packet Company, the last overnightsteamboat service in the United States, went out of business.
14 juneThe European Space Research Organization was established in Paris – later becoming the European Space Agency. The European Space Research Organization (ESRO) was an international organization founded by 10 European nations with the intention of jointly pursuing scientific research in space.
02 julyThe first Walmart store, now the largest retailer in the world,opened in Rogers, Arkansas, US.
05 julyAlgeria became independent from France. Algeria is a country in North Africa on the coast of Mediterranean. Its capital and most inhabited city is Algiers. With an area of 2,381,741 square, kilometres 90% is desert, Algeria is the tenth biggest country in the world and the largest in the Arab and Africa.
06 julyThe United States conducted the Sedan nuclear test as part ofOperation Plowshare, a program to investigate the use of nuclearexplosions for civilian purposes.
08 julyIn response to student protests at Rangoon University, Burmese General Ne Win ordered the demolition of the school's Students Union building.
09 julyUnited States conducted starfish prime nuclear test. It was a high altitude nuclear test conducted by US in series of nuclear test. The explosion occurred 400 km above the ground. It was also considered as a higher space nuclear test. The flames were seen in a large area of about 1450 km.
09 julyIn a seminal moment for pop art, Andy Warhol's Campbell's SoupCans exhibition opened at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
10 julyTelstar was launched into orbit. It was the first communication satellite of the world. It was launched by US space agency NASA. It was launched with the help of Thor-delta rocket. It successfully transmitted the satellite television transmissions.
10 julyTelstar, the world's first active, direct relay communicationssatellite, was launched by NASA aboard a Delta rocket from CapeCanaveral.
11 julyFirst transatlantic transmission of satellite television was done. It is a system for transmitting television program signals through communication satellite. Before the invention of this system, cable networks were used for exchange.
11 julyNASA announced for manned mission moon. The announcement of lunar orbiting missions was also done. NASA named this project as Project Apollo. It was a series of missions in which many lunar launches took place and ended finally with human landing on moon.
12 julyBritish rock band The Rolling Stones played their first concertat the Marquee Club in London.
13 julyIn an unprecedented action, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismissed seven members of his Cabinet.
05 augustActress and model Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her home inBrentwood, Los Angeles, an event that has become the center of one ofthe most debated conspiracy theories.
06 augustJamaica gained full independence from the United Kingdom, morethan 300 years after the English captured it from Spanish colonists in1655.

Famous birthdays in the year 1962:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 February Marie-Laure Dougnac / Actress / France
02 AprilPierre Carles / Producer / France
02 NovemberMireille Delunsch / Soprano / France
03 JulyTom Cruise / Actor / United States of America
03 JuneDagmar Neubauer / Sprinter / Germany
04 January Peter Steele / Writer / United States of America
07 JulySırrı Süreyya Önder / Politician / Turkey
08 DecemberBerry van Aerle / Footballer / Netherlands
10 January Michael Fortier / Politician / Canada
14 AprilGuillaume Leblanc / Athlete / Canada
15 February Milo Đukanović / Politician / Montenegro
16 MayJimmy Hood / Politician / Scotland
17 January Sebastian Junger / Author / United States of America
20 March Stephen Sommers / Producer / United States of America
24 February Michelle Shocked / Writer / United States of America
24 OctoberMark Miller / Motorcycle Racer / United States of America
27 March Jann Arden / Singer / Canada
27 MayRay Borner / Basketball Player / Australia
28 NovemberJon Stewart / Actor / United States of America
29 JuneGeorge D. Zamka / Pilot / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1962:

YearName / Profession / Country
27 JuneSunanda Pushkar / Industrialist / India
30 JulyYakub Memon / Accountant / India
17 MarchKalpana Chawla / Astronaut / India
19 JuneAshish Vidyarthi / Actor / India
27 MayRavi Shastri / Cricketer / India
26 SeptemberChunky Pandey / Actor / India
31 OctoberSarbananda Sonowal / Politician / India
04 AprilKailasho Devi / Politician / India
13 AugustAnita Raj / Actress / India
26 SeptemberArchana Puran Singh / Actress / India
30 NovemberDeepa Sahi / Actress / India
04 SeptemberKiran More / Cricketer / India

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