1975 in History – What happened in year 1975

✅ Published on April 9th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1975 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1975.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1975 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 januaryLalit Narayan Mishra, the Indian Minister of Railways, was assassinated in a bomb blast at Samastipur, Bihar.
05 januaryThe Tasman Bridge, crossing the Derwent River in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, was struck by the bulk carrier LakeIllawarra, killing seven of the ship's crewmen and five motorists on thebridge.
14 januaryBritish teenage heiress Lesley Whittle was kidnapped by Donald Neilson and subsequently murdered during a failed ransom collection attempt.
15 januaryPortugal signed the Alvor Agreement with UNITA, the MPLA, andthe FNLA, ending the Angolan War of Independence.
19 januaryA magnitude 6.8 Ms earthquake struck northern Himachal Pradesh,India, causing extensive damage to the region.
28 februaryIn London an underground train failed to stop at Moorgateterminus station and crashed into the end of the tunnel, killing 43people.
05 marchComputer hackers in Silicon Valley held the first meeting ofthe Homebrew Computer Club, whose members would go on to have greatinfluence on the development of the personal computer.
06 marchIran and Iraq signed the Algiers Agreement to settle a borderdispute, only to begin fighting again five years later in theIran–Iraq War.
10 marchHo Chi Minh Campaign-North Vietnam began its final push forvictory over South Vietnam with an attack on Ban Me Thuot.
25 marchKing Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot and killed by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid.
27 marchConstruction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, in oil pipeline spanning the length of Alaska, began.
04 aprilBill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
17 aprilThe Khmer Rouge under Pol Pot captured Phnom Penh, ending the Cambodian Civil War, and established Democratic Kampuchea.
19 april1st Satellite was launched by India with the help of USSR.
21 aprilNguy?n Van Thi?u resigned as President of South Vietnam,and was replaced by Tr?n Van Huong, as communist forces closed inon victory.
28 aprilChief of the South Vietnamese army Cao Van Viên fled thecountry as the North Vietnamese closed in on Saigon.
30 aprilNorth Vietnamese troops captured Saigon shortly after American forces ended its helicopter evacuation of U.S. citizens, South Vietnamese civilians and third country nationals from the city, ending the Vietnam War with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnam.
12 mayThe Mayaguez incident, the last official battle of the Vietnam between the Kingdom of Cambodia and the United States, took place on May 12, 1975 as the American container ship SS Mayaguez was seized by Cambodian forces.
12 mayThe Cambodian navy seized the American container ship SSMayaguez in recognized international waters, but claimed as territorialwaters by Cambodia.
16 mayJunko Tabei, a Japanese mountaineer, became the first woman to ascend the summit of Mount Everest on May 16, 1975.
16 mayBased on the results of a referendum held about one month earlier, Sikkim abolished its monarchy and was annexed by India, becoming its 22nd state.
28 maySixteen West African countries signed the Treaty of Lagos,establishing the Economic Community of West African States to promoteeconomic integration.
04 juneGovernor Jerry Brown signed the California Agricultural LaborRelations Act, the first law in the United States guaranteeingcollective bargaining rights to farmworkers.
05 juneThe Suez Canal was reopened after six days war between arab and Israel. It is a sea leveled canal through Egypt. It connects Mediterranean Sea to red sea. It was constructed to ease the trade and sea transport.
07 june1st cricket world cup began in England. It was a 14 days long tournament in which 8 cricketing nations took part. The innings of 60 overs were played by the teams. West Indies became the champion of 1st world cup.
07 juneThe inaugural Cricket World Cup, the premier internationalchampionship of men's One Day International cricket, began in England.
22 juneNational Emergency was declared and censorship introduced in India. In India, "the Emergency" refers to a 21-month period when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi unilaterally had a state of emergency declared across the country. Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352(1) of the Constitution for "internal disturbance". The order bestowed upon the prime minister the authority to rule by decree, allowing elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed.
25 juneCiting threats to national security, Indian Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi unilaterally had a state of emergency declared across thenation that lasted nearly two years.
05 julyCape Verde gained its independence from Portugal. It is an island country traversing an archipelago of ten volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. It is situated 570 kilometres off the coast of Western Africa the islands cover a combined area of slightly over four thousand kilometers.
05 julyArthur Ashe became the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title. Arthur Robert Ashe was an American professional tennis player who was ranked no.1 in world ranking from America. He won three Grand Slam titles which ranked him among the best tennis players from the United States.

Famous birthdays in the year 1975:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 March Daryl Gibson / Rugby Player / New Zealand
02 January Dax Shepard / Actor / United States of America
05 JulyAi Sugiyama / Tennis Player / Japan
05 MayMeb Keflezighi / Runner / United States of America
05 SeptemberMatt Geyer / Rugby Player / Australia
07 AugustGerard Denton / Cricketer / Australia
12 JuneStephanie Szostak / Actress / United States of America
14 January Georgina Cates / Actress / United Kingdom
15 AugustKara Wolters / Basketball Player / United States of America
16 JulyBas Leinders / Racing Car Driver / Belgium
19 AugustChynna Clugston / Illustrator / United States of America
21 February Scott Miller / Swimmer / Australia
23 AprilBobby Shaw / Footballer / United States of America
23 SeptemberChris Hawkins / Journalist / United Kingdom
24 JulyTracey Crouch / Politician / United Kingdom
25 OctoberZadie Smith / Author / United Kingdom
26 JuneMarie-Nicole Lemieux / Singer / Canada
29 DecemberShawn Hatosy / Actor / United States of America
30 DecemberTiger Woods / Golfer / United States of America
31 DecemberToni Kuivasto / Footballer / Finland

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1975:

YearName / Profession / Country
31 January Preity Zinta / Actress / India
01 JuneKarnam Malleswari / Player / India
27 NovemberSuchitra Krishnamoorthi / Actress / India
14 FebruaryKiku Sharda / Actor / India
01 JuneKarnam Malleswari / Weightlifter / India
10 AprilTerrence Lewis / Choreographer / India
25 DecemberNagma / Actress / India
17 March Puneeth Rajkumar / Actor / India
08 JuneShilpa Shetty / Actress / India
08 DecemberTara Deshpande / Actress / India
15 AugustVijay Bharadwaj / Cricketer / India
19 NovemberSushmita Sen / Actress / India
01 January Sonali Bendre / Actress / India
07 NovemberVenkat Prabhu / Actor / India
25 JuneManoj Kumar Pandey / Soldier / India
19 NovemberSushmita Sen / Actress / India
19 NovemberSushmita Sen / Actress / India
10 MayAmar Babaria / Actor / India
29 JuneUpasna Singh / Actress / India
01 JulyAntara Mali / Actress / India
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