The national flag of the United States of America, commonly known as the American flag or the Stars and Stripes, consists of the following symbols:
Stars: The flag features a blue canton (rectangular area in the top left corner) containing 50 white five-pointed stars arranged in a grid of nine rows and alternating five and six stars per row. The stars represent the 50 states of the United States.
Stripes: The flag has 13 horizontal stripes, alternating red and white. These stripes represent the original 13 colonies that declared independence from Britain and formed the foundation of the United States.
The stars on the flag are arranged in a field of blue, known as the union, which represents the unity of the states. The stripes symbolize the original colonies and their collective struggle for independence. The design and symbolism of the flag have remained relatively unchanged since its adoption on June 14, 1777, with the stars being updated to reflect the number of states in the Union over time.