A six-time National Film Award winner and recipient of six Tamil Nadu State Film Awards, he has fifteen Filmfare Awards and sixteen Filmfare Awards for his music. Rahman has received music, music-achievement award from the governments of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh and a kalimani from the Government of Tamil Nadu for excellence in the field of Padma Shri from the Government of India. In 2006, he received an award from Stanford University for his contributions to global music. The following year, Rahman entered the Limca Book of Records as "Indian Year for Popular Contribution to Indian Music". He received the 2008 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Rotary Club of Madras. In 2009, for the Slumdog Millionaire Score, Rahman won the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music, and two Academy Awards (Best Original Score and Best Original Song).
Along with Gulzar at the 81st Academy Awards, he holds honorary doctorates from Middlesex University, Aligarh Muslim University, Anna University in Chennai and Miami University in Ohio. The musician has won two Grammy Awards: Best Compilation Soundtrack Album and Best Song which has been written for Visual Media. Rahman received India's third highest civilian honor, the Padma Bhushan in 2010. His work at 127 Hours won him a Golden Globe, BAFTA, and two Academy Award nominations (Best Original Music Score and Best Original Song) in 2011.
Rahman is an Honorary Fellow of Trinity College of Music. On 24 October 2014, Rahman was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in Music, paying tribute to students as an international artist in a concert. During a May 7, 2012 speech of his honorary doctorate acceptance from Miami University in Ohio, Rahman mentioned that he received a Christmas card from the family of the President of the United States and an invitation to dinner at the White House. In November 2013, a road was named in his honor in Markham, Ontario, Canada.
On 4 October 2015, A.A. R. The government of Seychelles, named Rahman Cultural Ambassador, "invaluable services contributed to the development of Seychelles' arts and culture." January 2018, he has been appointed as the brand ambassador of Sikkim government. a R. Rahman will promote and project the achievements of the state at the national level and globally.
Rahman was awarded the Pride of Indian Music Award in Tamil at the first Zee Cine Awards held in Chennai on 4 January 2020. The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011. Over the years, he has been regularly listed as one of the 500 most influential Muslims in the world.