1900 in History – What happened in year 1900

In history, year 1900 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1900.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1900:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
14 januaryGiacomo Puccini's opera Tosca, based on the play La Tosca by French dramatist Victorien Sardou, premiered at the Teatro Costanza in Rome.
24 januarySecond Boer War: Boer forces stopped a British attempt to break the Siege of Ladysmith in the Battle of Spion Kop.
31 januaryDatu Muhammad Salleh, leader of a series of major disturbances in North Borneo, was shot dead in Tambunan, but his followers did not give up for five more years.
15 februarySecond Boer War: British cavalry under Major-General John French defeated Boer forces to end a 124-day siege of Kimberley, present-day South Africa.
27 februaryFC Bayern Munich, Germany's most successful football club, wasfounded by eleven players led by Franz John.
05 aprilArchaeologists led by Arthur Evans in Knossos, Crete, discovered a large cache of clay tablets with a script used for writing My cenaean Greek now known as Linear B.
29 mayN'Djamena, now the capital of Chad, was founded as Fort-Lamy byFrench commander Émile Gentil.
14 juneHawaii became a United States territory. The Territory of Hawaii or Hawaii Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States. Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean. Hawaii is the only U.S. state not located in the Americas.
17 juneBoxer Rebellion-Allied naval forces captured the Taku Fortsafter a brief but bloody battle.
20 juneBoxer Rebellion-The Imperial Chinese Army began a 55-day siegeof the Legation Quarter in Beijing.
21 juneChina formally declares war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France and Japan. It was an anti-imperialist uprising which took place in China towards the end of the Qing dynasty between 1899 and 1901. It was initiated by the Militia United in Righteousness (Yihetuan), known in English as the "Boxers," and was motivated by proto-nationalist sentiments and opposition to foreign imperialism and associated Christian missionary activity. The Great Powers intervened and defeated Chinese forces.
25 juneA Daoist monk discovered the Dunhuang manuscripts, a cache of documents from the 5th to 11th centuries, in theMogao Caves of Dunhuang, China.
09 julyQueen Victoria gave her Royal Assent to an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, ratifying the Constitution of Australia.
03 augustThe Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, a pioneer in the massproduction of automobile tires, was founded by Harvey Firestone inAkron, Ohio, US.
16 augustSecond Boer War-A 10,000-strong column of soldiers left byLord Kitchener broke a 13-day siege of a small garrison.
08 septemberThe Great Galveston Hurricane, one of the deadliest Atlantic hurricanes with estimated winds of 135 miles per hour(215 km/h) at landfall, struck Galveston, Texas, US, killing at least 6,000 people.
14 decemberGerman physicist Max Planck presented a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law, suggesting that electro magnetic energy could only be emitted in quantized form.
26 decemberA relief crew arrived at the lighthouse on the Flannan Isles of Scotland and discovered that the previous crew had disappeared without trace.
19 MayThe then-largest rail tunnel in the world was open to passengers, connected by the Italy-Switzerland route.
19 JulyThe first metro rail ran in Paris, the capital of France. The world's first metro service had started in London.
08 SeptemberA cyclone and tidal storm killed 6000 people in Galveston, Texas, USA.
19 OctoberThe German scientist Max Planck proposed the \ 'Planck's law \'. It is also called the rule of \ 'black body emission \'.
08 AugustThe first Davis Cup series began in Boston.
18 AugustIndian politician Vijayalakshmi Pandit, sister of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, was born.
08 DecemberPandit Uday Shankar, born dancer and dance director of modern dance of India, was born.
27 JanuaryGerman researcher Felix Hafmann made pain medicine for the first time. This drug is currently called aspirin.
03 MarchA German scientist named Kotleb Diemler died at the age of 64. He succeeded in making motorcycles.
02 JanuaryUS Secretary of State John He announced an open door policy to boost US trade with China.
05 FebruaryThe United Kingdom and the United States signed a treaty in Central America, Nicaragua, to construct a Central American shipping canal.
06 MarchWest Virginia, USA In a coal mine explosion in which 50 miners were killed.

Famous birthdays in the year 1900:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 AprilAlfred Strange / Footballer / United Kingdom
04 January James Bond / Zoologist / United States of America
04 March Herbert Biberman / Writer / United States of America
05 January Yves Tanguy / Painter / United States of America
05 DecemberJimmy Dimmock / Footballer / United Kingdom
07 JulyEarle E. Partridge / General / United States of America
09 DecemberAlbert Weisbord / Activist / United States of America
09 January Richard Halliburton / Author / United States of America
09 OctoberAlastair Sim / Actor / United Kingdom
12 MayHelene Weigel / Actress / Germany
15 MayIda Rhodes / Mathematician / United States of America
17 JulyMarcel Dalio / Actor / France
19 OctoberErna Berger / Actress / Germany
19 AprilRichard Hughes / Poet / United Kingdom
22 DecemberMarc Allégret / Writer / France
22 SeptemberSergey Ozhegov / Academic / Russia
22 February Luis Buñuel / Producer / Spain
22 SeptemberPaul Hugh Emmett / Engineer / United States of America
26 February Halina Konopacka / Poet / Poland
26 AugustHellmuth Walter / Business Man / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1900:

YearName / Profession / Country
22 OctoberAshfaqullah Khan / Freedom Fighter / India
20 MaySumitranandan Pant / Poet / India
22 OctoberAshfaqulla Khan / Activist / India
18 AugustVijaya Lakshmi Pandit / Politician / India
02 DecemberFa-hien / Historian / India
18 AugustVijay Lakshmi Pandit / Politician / India
03 NovemberSagarmal Gopa / Freedom Fighter / India
01 January Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar / Scholar / India
23 OctoberDouglas Jardine / Cricketer / India
25 JuneLouis Mountbatten / Governor General / India
10 JanuaryMarotrao Kannamwar / Politician / India
17 AprilBinodananda Jha / Politician / India
25 JuneLord Louis Mountbatten / Indian Navy / India
20 MaySumitranandan Pant / Poet / India
19 FebruaryBalwantrai Mehta / Politician / India

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