Sri Mahakaleshwar Mandir Quick Facts
|Ujjain city, Madhya Pradesh state, India
|Present structure 1734 AD
|Historical Hindu temple
Sri Mahakaleshwar Mandir Overview
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is located in the famous and ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is a Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. All the temples of Jyotirlinga are said to be the abode of Lord Shiva. This temple is situated near Rudra Sagar Lake in Ujjain. All the temples of Jyotirlinga are considered Shivling and all Shivling are established with mantra-shakti.
Sri Mahakaleshwar Mandir History
Shri Mahakaleshwar Temple is considered to be the most revered temple among the 18 Mahashakti Peeths. It is said about the Shaktipeeths, that Shakti was born due to the fall of parts of the body of Goddess Sati with which Lord Shiva held it.
Each of the 51 Shaktipeeths has temples of Shakti and Kalabhairava. According to Shiva Purana for Jyotirlinga Temples Once there was an argument between Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu for the supreme in creation, to test them Lord Shiva sent an endless pillar in the form of Jyotirlinga to the three worlds with which Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma respectively travels along the pillar to get the end of the light and finally Brahma tells a lie.
But when Vishnu accepts his defeat, Shiva appears as another pillar of light and curses Brahma that he will have no place in the ceremony, while Vishnu will be worshiped for eternity.
This is the reason why Lord Shiva's light is shown as a fiery pillar in every Jyotirlinga temple. From 1107 AD to 1728, the city of Ujjain was ruled by the Yavanas and during their reign the ancient religious traditions of the Hindus were destroyed, but the Marathas invaded the region of Malwa on 29 November 1728 and established their suzerainty. The lost religious traditions of Ujjain returned again. After this, Shri Mahakaleshwar Temple was re-constructed by General Ranoji Scindia of Maratha in 1734 AD, after this the development work of the temple continued during the Scindia dynasty.
Sri Mahakaleshwar Mandir Interesting Facts
- The Idol of Shri Mahakaleshwar is known as Dakshinamurti which means it is facing south.
- The biggest feature of this temple is its idol of Mahakaleshwar, which is found in only one of the 12 Jyotirlingas by the Tantric Shiva Netra tradition.
- The Idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev is installed in the sanctum sanctorum above the Mahakaleshwar temple.
- The idol of Lord Ganesha is installed in the west of the sanctum sanctorum of the temple, with the idol of Parvati in the north and the picture of Kartikeya in the east.
- On the day of Maha Shivratri, a huge fair is held near the temple, and every Monday in the month of Shravan, this temple attracts huge crowd of devotees.
- Near the Temple there is a small water spring called Kotitirtha. People say that when Iltutmish, the ruler of the slave dynasty, had the temple demolished, then he had the Shivling thrown in this Kotitirth.
- There is a huge Sabha Mandap inside the temple which was constructed by Birla Industries Group in 1980 AD.
- In Order to preserve and attract the temple, 118 shikhars of the temple have recently been covered with a layer of about 16 kg of gold.
- A Pond built in the temple, on the path connected by steps, many beautiful Parmar era statues can be seen, which gives an introduction to the artistic splendor of the temple built at that time. From the huge room which is in the east of the kund, one is entered into the sanctum sanctorum of Mahakaleshwar.
- There are many small Shiva temples on the south side of the temple complex, which were built by the kings of the Scindia dynasty.
How to reach Sri Mahakaleshwar Mandir
How to reach Mahakaleshwar Temple by Road
Roads of Ujjain to reach the temple are directly connected by road to Indore, Surat Gwalior, Pune, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Udaipur, Nashik, and Mathura.
How to reach Mahakaleshwar Temple by Rail
The Nearest Railway station to the temple is Ujjain Junction railway station, the railway line of this station is directly connected to many cities like Rajkot, Mumbai, Faujabad, Lucknow, Dehradun, Delhi, Banaras, Cochin, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Howrah and many more. Have happened.
How to reach Mahakaleshwar Temple by Airplane
The Nearest Airport to the temple is Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport in Indore which is only 53 km away from the temple.