What is Indian Penal Code (IPC)?
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code, Indian Penal Code was created in 1860 under the Charter Act 1833 under the chairmanship of Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay to keep Indian society legally organized. It came into force in British India during the British Raj in early 1862. The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the main criminal code of India. Various criminal sections of the Indian Constitution and their punishment have been mentioned in this code. The Indian Penal Code provides for the definition and punishment of certain offenses committed by any citizen of India within India (except Jammu and Kashmir). But this code does not apply to the Indian Army.
In Jammu and Kashmir instead the Ranbir Penal Code applies, with a total of 511 sections. However, after the passage of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill, 2019 in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha respectively, Ranbir Penal Code will be repealed on 31st October 2019 and what is the punishment?
List of important sections and punishments under Indian Penal Code:
|13||To gamble||Imprisonment for 1 year and fine of Rs 1000|
|99 to 106||Right to use force for personal defense||-|
|110||Punishment for abetment, if the person abetted acts with an intention other than the intention of the abettor||Three year|
|147||To rebel||2 years imprisonment/fine or both|
|156 (3)||The owner or agent of the occupier for whose benefit the nuisance is committed, not using legal means to prevent the nuisance.T||Monetary penalty|
|156||The owner or agent of the occupier for whose benefit the nuisance is committed, not using legal means to prevent the nuisance.||Monetary penalty|
|161||Take bribe||Imprisonment for 3 years/fine or both|
|171||lection bribery||Imprisonment of 1 year / fine of Rs 500|
|177||Giving wrong information to government servant/police||Imprisonment of 6 months / fine of Rs 1000|
|186||Obstruction in government work||Imprisonment of 3 months / fine of Rs.|
|191||Giving false evidence||Imprisonment up to 7 years and provision of fine|
|193||Perjury in court cases||3/7 years imprisonment and fine|
|217||Giving false evidence in spite of being a public servant||Imprisonment up to 2 years and provision of fine|
|216||Punishment for sheltering robbers/bandits||-|
|224/25||lawful release from custody||-2 years imprisonment/fine/both|
|231/32||Making counterfeit coins||7 years imprisonment and fine|
|255||Counterfeiting of government stamp||10 years or life imprisonment|
|264||Using wrong weight weights||1 year imprisonment/fine or both|
|267||To adulterate medicine||-|
|272||Food/drinking adulteration||Imprisonment of 6 months / fine of Rs 1000|
|274 /75||Selling adulterated drugs||-|
|279||Rash driving on the road||Imprisonment for 6 months or fine of 1000 rupees|
|292||Selling pornographic books||Imprisonment of 2 years and fine of Rs.2000|
|294||Insult to any religion/religious place||2 years imprisonment|
|297||Trespass||Imprisonment of 1 year and both fine|
|298||Hurting the religious sentiments of another person||1 year imprisonment or fine or both|
|302||Murder||life imprisonment/death sentence|
|306||Abetment to suicide||10 years imprisonment and fine|
|308||Culpable homicide attempt||7 years imprisonment and fine|
|309||Attempt suicide||1 year imprisonment/fine/both|
|310||To cheat||Life imprisonment and fine|
|312||TO have an abortion||-|
|354||Outrage a woman's modesty||2 years imprisonment/fine/both|
|363||Run away with a woman||7 years imprisonment and fine|
|366||Run away with a minor girl||-|
|376||To rape||10 years/life imprisonment|
|377||Unnatural act crime||5 years imprisonment and fine|
|379||Steal (property)||Imprisonment for 3 years/fine/both|
|392||Booty||10 years imprisonment|
|395||Robbery||10 years or life imprisonment|
|396||Murder during robbery||-|
|406||Criminal breach of trust||3 years imprisonment/fine/both|
|417||To cheat||1 year imprisonment/fine/both|
|420||Fraudulently acquire property||7 years imprisonment and fine|
|489||Counterfeit note making||10 Years Imprisonment / Life Imprisonment|
|493||Marry by deceit||10 years imprisonment and fine|
|494||Remarry while the spouse is alive||7 years imprisonment and fine|
|495||Remarry and maintain both relationships while the spouse is alive||10 years imprisonment and fine|
|496||Marry without consent||07 years imprisonment and fine|
|497||Commit adultery||5 years imprisonment and fine|
|498||Abducted or deceived a married woman||Imprisonment for 2 years or fine or both|
|500||loss of value||2 years imprisonment and fine|
|509||Abusing a woman||Simple imprisonment or fine|
|511||Punishment for attempt to commit offenses punishable with imprisonment for life||-|
5 important facts that come under the law of the country but we are unaware of them. Let's know these facts:
1. Women cannot be arrested in the evening: Indian Police cannot arrest any woman after 6 pm and before 6 am under the Code of Criminal Procedure, Section 46, no matter how serious the crime. Are. If the police is found doing so then a complaint (case) can be registered against the police officer making the arrest. This could put the job of that police officer in danger.
2. You can claim an insurance cover of up to Rs 40 Lakh on loss of life and property due to cylinder burst: Under the Public Liability Policy, if a cylinder bursts in your house due to any reason and you have to suffer loss of life and property, then you You can claim the insurance cover from the gas company immediately. Let us tell you that an insurance claim of up to Rs 40 lakh can be made from the gas company. If the company refuses or defers to pay your claim, then it can be complained. If found guilty, the license of the gas company can be canceled.
3. You can drink water in any hotel for free and use the wash room: According to the Indian Series Act, 1887, you can go to any hotel in the country and drink water and use the wash room of that hotel. can. Whether the hotel is small or 5 star, they cannot stop you. If the hotel owner or any employee prevents you from drinking water or using the wash room, then you can take action against them. Your complaint may result in cancellation of the license of that hotel.
4. Pregnant women cannot be fired: According to the Maternity Benefit Act 1961, pregnant women cannot be fired suddenly. The owner will have to give a notice of first three months and will have to pay some part of the expenses incurred during the pregnancy. If he does not do this, then a complaint can be lodged against him in the Government Employment Association. This complaint may result in the closure of the company or the company may have to pay a fine.
5. Police officer cannot refuse to register your complaint: According to section 166A of IPC, no police officer can refuse to register any complaint of yours. If he does so then a complaint can be lodged against him in the senior police office. If that police officer is found guilty, he can be imprisoned for at least 6 months to 1 year or he may have to lose his job.
It will be our endeavor that we keep many such interesting things in front of you, which will be useful in your life.
Indian Penal Code (IPC) FAQs:
Everyone is equal before the law
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