Tughlakabad Fort Quick Facts
|New Delhi, India)
|Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq
|Granite stone, Limestone
Tughlakabad Fort Overview
The history and architecture of Tughlaqabad Fort, located in New Delhi, the capital of India, are very interesting and important. The fort was built in 1321 by Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty, and established Delhi as a historic city for the fourth time. The surrounding areas were also known as Tughlaqabad residential-commercial zone. The present condition of the fort is in the form of a ruin which is very much liked by the tourists.
Tughlakabad Fort History
When Delhi was ruled by the Khilji dynasty, Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq was serving as a feudatory of the Khilji rulers and at that time his name was Ghazi Malik. He was once walking with his Khilji Guru, when he suggested the construction of this fort. But the king made fun of Ghazi Malik and asked him to build the fort himself. Then in 1321 AD Ghazi Malik established the Tughlaq Dynasty and assumed the title of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq and started a war with the Khiljis, defeated them and expelled them from his empire and immediately started the construction of the city as well as the fort.
Tughlakabad Fort Interesting Facts
- A distinctive feature of this monument built by the Tughlaq dynasty is that the fort has been built between the height of 10 to 15 meters at the top of the warring parapet fort.
- The use of granite stones is also clearly visible in the fort as all its walls are made of granite stone which strengthens the fort from all sides.
- Within this fort lies the tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq, which is built in the style of a single-domed square tomb. The sides of this tomb have been constructed with smooth red sandstone and marble carved panels and arches.
- There are three tombs near the tomb of Ghiyath al-Din, with the middle tomb of Ghiyath al-Din and the other two tombs of his wife and his son, and his successor, Muhammad bin Tughlaq. Another octagonal tomb has been constructed on the northwest side of the wall in the aisle connected to the Pillaro.
- There is an inscription on one of the doors of the fort, according to which the tomb built at the southern gate of the fort belongs to Zafar Khan. According to historians, Zafar Khan had built the fort's outposts.
- The tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq is connected by a passage to the southern garrison of the fortification. This paved road is 600 feet long and is supported by 27 arches. Local people say that some part of this paved road was converted into Mehrauli-Badarpur road around 20th century.
- It is said about this fort by historians and local people that there used to be 52 gates in this fort, which it was also called the city of gates, but at present only 13 gates are left in this fort.
- Looking at the structure of this fort, it seems that at that time it was divided into three main parts, in which the first part remains an extensive city due to the houses built with a rectangular area between its gates and the second part is at its highest point. It is in the form of a citadel with a tower known as Bijai-Mandal and the last part is the adjacent palace area which contains the royal residence.
- Inside the fortified garrison in the southern part of the fort and near the tomb of Ghiyath al-Din is a large artificial water reservoir. This well preserved tomb is attached to the fort.
How to reach Tughlakabad Fort
- The Nearest railway station to the fort is Tughlakabad railway station, which is just 6.1 km from the fort. Is located at a distance. The Fort is easily accessible by public transport from this station. The public Bus stand of the fort is Tughlakabad Extension.
- Apart from this, the facility of Tughlakabad Metro Station is also available at a distance of about 3.5 km from the fort. This is the Nearest metro station to the fort.