Through this chapter, we will know important and interesting facts related to Angela Merkel such as his personal information, education and career, achievements and honored awards and many more. Important facts related to Angela Merkel given in this topic have been collected, which will help you in preparing for competitive exams.

Angela Merkel Quick General Knowledge

NameAngela Merkel (Angela Merkel)
Real nameAngela Dorothea Merkel
Date of Birth17 July 1954
Birth PlaceHamburg, West Germany
Monther & Father NameHerlind / Horst casner
Achievement2005 - First Woman Chancellor of Germany
Profession / CountryFemale / Politician / Germany

Angela Merkel - First Woman Chancellor of Germany (2005)

Angela Merkel is a German politician and former research scientist. Who is the Chancellor of Germany since 2005. Merkel has been heading the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) since 2000. She is the first woman from Germany to hold any of these positions.

Angela Merkel was born on 17 July 1954 in Hamburg, West Germany. Her full name is Angela Dorothea Merkel. His father's name was Horst Cassner and his mother's name was Harland. His mother was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
Merkel was educated at Karl Marx University, Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978. As a student, she participated in the reconstruction of the ruins of Moritzbasti, with project students taking the initiative to build their own club and recreation facility on campus. Such initiative was G. Dr. Was unprecedented, and was initially opposed by the university; However, with the support of the local leadership of the SED party, the project was allowed to proceed. In school, he learned to speak Russian fluently and was awarded an award for proficiency in Russian and mathematics. She was the best in her class in Mathematics and Russian and completed her schooling with the best average Abitur grade 1.0.

He received his doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986 and began his career working as a research scientist until 1989. Merkel entered politics in the wake of the 1989 revolutions, serving as deputy spokespersons for the former democratically elected East German government led by Lothar de Mazier. Merkel was elected to the Bundestag for the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern after the German reunification in 1990. As Chancellor Helmut Kohl's Conservancy, Merkel was appointed as the Minister of Women and Youth in 1991, later in 1994 as Minister of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. After the CDU lost the 1998 federal election, Merkel was elected CDU general secretary.

She was the Leader of the Opposition from 2002 to 2005. After the 2005 federal election, Merkel was appointed as Chancellor of Germany to serve as Gerhard Schröder, including the CDU, its Bavarian sister party, The Christian Union (CSU). And Social Democratic Party (SPD). Merkel is the first woman to be elected Chancellor, and the first Chancellor after German reunification who was raised in East East Germany. In the 2009 federal election, the CDU gained the largest share of the vote, and Merkel was able to form a coalition government with the Free Democratic Party (FDP). In the 2013 federal election, Merkel's CDU won a landslide victory with 41.5% of the vote and formed the second grand alliance with the SPD, when the FDP lost all its representation in the BundesTag.

In the 2017 federal election, Merkel led the CDU to become the largest party for the fourth time, and was sworn in for a joint record fourth term as Chancellor on 14 March 2018. In foreign policy, Merkel has emphasized international cooperation in the context of both the European Union and NATO and to strengthen international economic relations. In 2007, Merkel served as president of the European Council. She has served as senior G7 leader since 2014, and previously from 2011 to 2012. In 2014, she was the longest serving head of government in the European Union.


In 2006, Merkel was awarded the Vision for Europe Award for her contribution towards greater European integration. He received the Karlspresis (Charlemagne Award) in 2008 for distinguished services to European unity. In 2010, the New Statesman named Merkel as one of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures". On 16 June 2010, Washington d. C. Merkel was awarded the Global Leadership Award (AICGS) by the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Germany for her outstanding dedication to strengthening German-American relations. On 21 September 2010, the Leo Baek Institute, a research institute in New York City dedicated to the history of German-speaking Jews, awarded Merkel the Leo Beck Medal. On 31 May 2011, he received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for the year 2009 from the Government of India.

Merkel was ranked as the world's second most powerful man in Forbes' list of the world's most powerful people in 2012, the highest ranking achieved by a woman since the list began in 2009; She finished fifth in 2013 and 2014. On 28 November 2012, he received the Heinz Galinsky Award in Berlin, Germany. In 2013, he was honored with the Indira Gandhi Peace Prize by India. In December 2015, he was named as Time magazine's Person of the Year. In May 2016, Merkel received the International Four Freedom Awards from the Roosevelt Foundation in Middelburg, Netherlands. In 2017, Merkel received the Ellie Whistle Award from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. In 2020, Merkel received the Henry A. Kissinger Award from the American Academy in Berlin.


Angela Merkel FAQs:

Angela Merkel is to be known as the First Woman Chancellor of Germany in 2005.

Angela Merkel full name was Angela Dorothea Merkel.

Angela Merkel father name was Horst casner.

Angela Merkel mother name was Herlind.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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