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Brief information about Savitribai Phule
|Name||Savitribai Phule (सावित्रीबाई फुले)|
|Full Name||Savitribai Jyotirao Phule|
|Date of Birth||03 January 1831|
|Birth Place||Naigaon, Maharashtra (India)|
|Death Aniversary||10 March 1897|
|Mother & Father Name||Lakshmi / Khandoji Nevse|
|Achievement||1848 - India's first female teacher (teacher)|
|Profession / Country||Female / Educationist / India|
Savitribai Phule (सावित्रीबाई फुले)
Savitribai Phule was India's first female teacher, social reformer and Marathi poetess. She, along with her husband Jyotirao Govindrao Phule, did many things for the rights of women. Savitribai was the first female teacher in India's first girls' school.
Birth info about Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Phule was born on 03 January 1831 in Naigaon, Maharashtra (British India). His full name was Savitribai Jyotirao Phule. His father's name was Khandoji Nevse and mother's name was Lakshmi. Both of his parents used to reduce gardeners. She was the eldest daughter of her parents.
Death info about Savitribai Phule
Savitribai served the patients of Phule plague epidemic. At that time, due to the service of a child affected by the contagion of a plague, he also got contagion. And for this reason he died on 10 March 1897.
Education info of Savitribai Phule
At the time of their marriage, Savitribai was illiterate. Jyotirao educated Savitribai at her home. After completing his primary education with Jyotirao, his further education was the responsibility of his friends, Sakharam Yashwant Paranjpe and Keshav Shivram Bhavalkar. She also enrolled herself in two teacher training programs. The first was at an institute in Ahmednagar run by Cynthia Farrar, an American missionary. The second course was at a normal school in Pune. Given her training, Savitribai may be the first Indian female teacher and headmaster. Savitribai's date of birth, i.e. 3 January, is celebrated as Girl's Day throughout Maharashtra, especially in girls' schools.
Savitribai Phule Career Info
After completing her teacher's education, Savitribai Phule started teaching girls in Maharawada, Pune. She did this with Sagunabai, who was a revolutionary feminist as well as Jyotirao's guru. Savitribai and Jyotirao Phule started their own school in Bhide Wada long after they started teaching with Sagunabai. Bhide Wada was the home of Tatya Saheb Bhide, who was inspired by the work that the three were doing. Bhide Wada's curriculum included traditional Western courses in mathematics, science and social studies.
By the end of 1851, Savitribai and Jyotirao Phule were running three separate schools for girls in Pune. Combined, the three schools had an enrollment of approximately one hundred and fifty students. Like the curriculum, the teaching methods employed by the three schools differed from those used in government schools. The author, Divya Kandukuri, believes Phule methods were considered superior to those used by government schools. As a result of this reputation, the number of girls receiving their education in Phule schools exceeded the number of boys enrolled in government schools.
Savitribai Phule was also an acute writer and poet. He published Kavya Phule in 1854 and Bawan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar in 1892, and also composed a poem called "Go, Get Education" in which he encouraged the oppressed to liberate themselves by receiving education. As a result of her experience and work, she became an avid feminist. She founded the Mahila Seva Mandal to raise awareness about issues related to women rights. He also called for a gathering place for women which was free from caste discrimination or discrimination of any kind. It symbolized that all the women present were sitting on the same mat. Savitribai was also an anti-child activist. She named the house a women's shelter home for contraceptives, where Brahmin widows could safely deliver their children and leave them there for adoption if they wanted. He also campaigned against child marriage and advocated widow remarriage. Savitribai and Jyotirao strongly opposed the practice of Sati and started a home for widows and children.
Savitribai Phule Awards and Honors
In 2015, the University of Pune has renamed the Savitribai Phule University of Pune in her honor. On March 10, 1998, a postage stamp was issued by India Post in Phule's honor. On 3 January 2017, the search engine Google marked the 186th anniversary of the birth of Savitribai Phule with a Google Doodle. B. R. Along with Ambedkar and Annabhau Sathe, Phule has become an icon, especially for the backward classes. Women in the local branches of the Manvi Haq Abhiyan (Human Rights Campaign, a common-Ambedkarite body)  often hold processions on their birth anniversaries (birthdays in Marathi and other Indian languages). The Kannada biopic film was made about Phule in 2018 and in 2020 the Indian Prime Minister paid tribute to his contribution on his birthday.