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Satyajit Ray Quick General Knowledge

NameSatyajit Ray (Satyajit Ray)
Date of Birth02 May 1921
Birth PlaceKolkata, India
Date of death23 April 1992
Monther & Father NameSuprabha Rai / Satyajit Rai Sukumar
Achievement1992 - First film producer awarded Bharat Ratna Award
Profession / Countrymale / Film director / India

Satyajit Ray - First film producer awarded Bharat Ratna Award (1992)

Satyajit Rai was a famous Indian film director, who is counted among the best film directors of the 20th century. But as a writer and litterateur, he has also earned a remarkable reputation. Satyajit Rai himself used to do many works related to filmmaking. These include directing, cinematography, screenplay, background music, art direction, editing, etc. Apart from the filmmaker, he was also a storyteller, painter and film critic. Satyajit Ray directed 37 films in his life, including feature films, documentaries and short films.

Satyajit Rai was born on 02 May 1921 in a Bengali family in Kolkata (then Calcutta). His father's name was Sukumar and mother's name was Suprabha Rai. At the time when Satyajit Rai was only three years old, his father Sukumar Rai died and his family was supported by his mother. Those who came were very few.
In the year 1992, Satyajit Rai's health deteriorated due to heart complications. He was admitted to a hospital. But he never recovered and died on 23 April 1992, 9 days before his 71st birthday.
Satyajit Rai studied at Balliganj Government High School in Calcutta, and completed his BA in Economics at Presidency College, Calcutta (then affiliated to the University of Calcutta), although his interest was always in the fine arts.

Satyajit Roy was the first British advertising agency D.J. He started a job in Kemar, his post was named "Small visual" and had a salary of only eighty rupees a month. Around the year 1943, this D.K. He was also working with Signet Press, founded by Gupta. Gupta asked Rai to create the front page of new books published in the press and gave complete artistic freedom. Rai created the front pages of many books, including Jim Corbett's Man-Eaters of Kumaon (Man-eaters of Kumaon, Kumaon's cannibals) and Jawaharlal Nehru's Discovery of India (Discovery of India). Rai was very impressed with this creation and made his first film on this novel. Along with creating the homepage, he also made pictures inside the book. Many of these pictures are visible in his film scenes. Rai was considered a skilled painter in Kolkata. Rai used to make his own pictures and home pages and also used to create publicity material for films. In 1947 Rai, together with Chidanand Dasgupta and others, started the Calcutta Film Sabha, in which he got to see many foreign films. He befriended the American soldiers established in Kolkata during World War II, who informed them about the new films being shown in the city.

In 1949, Rai married a distant relative and his long-time sweetheart Bijoy Rai. He had a son, Sandeep, who is now a film director himself. The same year French film director Jean Renua came to Kolkata to shoot his film. Rai helped Ranwar find a suitable place in the countryside. When Rai told him his idea to make a film on Pather Panchali, Ranwar encouraged him for this. In 1950, D.J. Camer sent Rai to the agency's headquarters in London. In the three months spent in London, Rai saw 99 films. These included Ladri di biciclette, the neorealist film of financio de cica, the bicycle thief who impressed him even further. Rai later said that he was determined to become a film director when he came out of the cinema. The success of films did not change Rai's family life too much. He lived in a rented house along with his mother and other family members. In the 1960s, Rai traveled to Japan and met well-known film director Akira Kurosawa. In India too, he often used to complete the plot in solitary by visiting places like Darjeeling or Puri to avoid the runaway atmosphere of the city.

In the American cartoon serial The Simpsons, the character of Apu Nahsampimapetilon was named in Rai's honor. Rai and Madhavi Mukherjee were the first Indian film personalities to have their picture printed on a foreign country (Dominica country). Rai's films have been cited in several literary works - Sol Bello's novel Herzog and J.V. M. Kotzi's Youth (Youth). In Salman Rushdie's child novel Harun and the Sea of ​​Stories (Harun and the Sea of ​​Stories, Harun and the Sea of ​​Stories), two fish are named "Gupi" and "Bagha".
Satyajit Rai received several awards, including 32 National Film Awards by the Government of India and awards at international film festivals. At the 11th Moscow International Film Festival in 1979, he was awarded the Honorable Award for Contribution to Cinema. At the Berlin International Film Festival, he was one of only four filmmakers to win the Silver Bear for Best Director more than once, setting a record for the most Golden Bear nominations, with seven. At the Venice Film Festival, where he previously won the Golden Lion for Aparajito (1956), he was awarded the Golden Lion Honorary Award in 1982. That same year, he received an honorary "Homage a Satyajit Ray" award at 1982 Cannes. film Festival. Ray is the second film after Charlie Chaplin to be awarded an honorary doctorate by Oxford University. He was honored with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1985 and the Legion of Honor by the President of France in 1987. The Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan in 1965 and shortly before his death, the highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna. In 1992, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Ray an honorary award for Lifetime Achievement. In 1992, he was posthumously awarded the Akira Kurosawa Award for Lifetime Achievement at the San Francisco International Tourism Festival; This was accepted by actress Sharmila Tagore on her behalf.
YearAwards/HonorsAwarding Country or Institution
1958Padma ShriIndian government
1965Padma BhushanIndian government
1967Raman Magsaysay AwardRaman Magsaysay Award Foundation
1971Star of yugoslaviaYugoslavia Government
1973Doctor of LettersDelhi University
1974D. Litt.Royal College of Arts, London
1976Padma VibhushanIndian government
1978D. Litt.University of Oxford
1978Special awardBerlin Film Festival
1978DesikottamVishwa Bharati University, India
1979Special awardMoscow Film Festival
1980D. Litt.Bardhaman University, India
1980D. Litt.Jadavpur University, India
1981DoctorateBanaras Hindu University, India
1981D. Litt.North Bengal University, India
1982Homaz a Satyajit RaiCannes Film Festival
1982Special Golden Lion of Saint MarkVannis Film Festival
1982Vidyasagar AwardWest Bengal Government
1983FellowshipBritish Film Association
1985D. Litt.University of Calcutta, India
1985Dadasaheb Phalke AwardIndian government
1985Soviet Land Nehru Award
1986FellowshipSangeet Natak Academy, India
1987Legion d "honurFrench Government
1987D. Litt.Rabindra Bharati University, India
1992Oscar for Lifetime AchievementAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
1992Bharat RatnaIndian government