Hindu Panchang refers to all the types of Panchangs that have been traditionally used in India since ancient times. They are of lunar nature. All Hindu calendars are based on similar concepts and methods of calculating time, but differ in terms of the names of the months, the beginning of the year (Varshapratipada), etc. The main Panchang used in India are- (1) Vikrami Panchang - This is the most famous Panchang which is prevalent in the northern, western and central part of India. (2) Tamil Panchang – prevalent in South India, (3) Bengali Panchang – prevalent in Bengal and some other eastern parts. (4) Malayalam Panchang - It is prevalent in Kerala and is Solar Panchang. The Hindu calendar has been used since ancient times in the Indian subcontinent and is still used today in India and Nepal, including Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, etc. According to the Hindu calendar, the festivals of Hindus / Buddhists / Jains / Sikhs are Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Saraswati Puja, Mahashivratri, Vaisakhi, Raksha Bandhan, Pongal, Onam, Rath Yatra, Navratri, Lakshmi Puja, Krishna Janmashtami, Durga Puja, Ram Navami , Visu and Diwali etc.
What is the Indian National Panchang?
The Indian National Panchang or 'National Calendar of India' is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is based on the Saka Samvat and was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar. In India it is used along with the Gregorian calendar in the Gazette of India, news broadcast by All India Radio and communication releases issued by the Government of India. Chaitra is the first month of the Indian National Calendar. The dates of the national calendar are permanently identical to the dates of the Gregorian calendar. The number of days in a month is determined according to the phase (decreasing and increasing) of the Moon.
Calendar 2022 Festivals & Holidays
List of Indian festivals:
Here is a list of Hindu festivals. Hindus celebrate many festivals.