Republic day:

In India, 26 January is celebrated every year as Republic Day because it came into force on this day in 1950. The Indian Constitution replaced the 1935 Act to establish itself as the governing document of India. This day has been declared as a national holiday by the Government of India. The outline of the new Indian Constitution was prepared and approved by the Indian Constitutional Assembly and it was announced to celebrate it on 26 January every year in the joy of India becoming a republican country.

Chief Guest of Republic Day 2023:

India and Egypt are celebrating the 75th anniversary of their diplomatic relations on 26 January 2023 (26 January 2023). The Chief Guest of India on this 74th Republic Day is the President of Egypt "Abdel Fatah El Sisi". This time the aim is to show 23 tableaux on Republic Day. Out of these 23 tableaux, 17 tableaux will be of states and union territories and 6 tableaux will be of different ministries and departments. Register with us to watch the Republic Day and Beating Retreat ceremony.

And then, participate in various online activities organized by MyGov right here. Stay connected virtually with Indians across the country and around the world by watching Republic Day live, and also get a collector's edition 'Certificate of Commitment' to show your love and solidarity for our 73rd Republic Day.

Chief Guest of Republic Day 2021:

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson would have been the chief guest on the occasion of Republic Day, but due to the new strain of Corona spreading in Britain, Boris Johnson canceled his visit to India.

Chief Guest of Republic Day 2020:

The Government of India invites a foreign leader every year on the occasion of the Republic Day parade. In the year 2020, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro was the chief guest of the Republic Day Parade 2020. On the occasion of the 69th Republic Day 2018, for the first time as the chief guest, the head of state of 10 ASEAN countries (Association of South East Asian Nations) will become the chief guest.

The guests included Sultan Hassan-al Bolkiah (Brunei), Hun Sen (Prime Minister of Cambodia), Joko Widodo (President of Indonesia), Thongloun Sisolith (Prime Minister of Laos), Najib Razak (Prime Minister of Malaysia), Htin Kyaw (President of Myanmar) ), Rodrigo Duterte (President of the Philippines), Halimah Yacob (President of Singapore), Prayuth Chan-ocha (Prime Minister of Thailand) and Nguyen Tan Dung (Vietnam) etc.

History of Republic Day Celebration:

India got independence from the British rule on 15th August in the year 1947. At that time there was no permanent constitution of the country. For the first time, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was presented by the Drafting Committee to the National Assembly on 4th November in the year 1947. The first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the National Assembly on 24 January in the year 1950 in two versions in Hindi and English.

Then the Indian Constitution came into existence on 26 January 1950 i.e. Republic Day. Since then, 26 January was started to be celebrated as Republic Day in India. On this day India was declared as Poorna Swaraj country, hence it started to be celebrated every year as the anniversary of Poorna Swaraj.

Importance of celebrating 26 January:

Republic Day is a symbol of true courage for independent India where military parade, exhibition of military goods, salute to the national flag by the President of India and various events are organized on this day. The Indian flag consists of three colors in the horizontal direction (saffron at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom, all colors in equal proportion) and a wheel in the center (blue with 24 spokes) representing Ashoka.

Shows the lion of the capital Sarnath. India is a country where people of different culture, society, religion and language live together in harmony. Independence is a matter of great pride for India as it was achieved after years of overcoming various difficulties and obstacles.

List of Chief Guests of Indian Republic Day (from 1950 to 2023):

Year Post and Name of the Chief Guest Country concerned
2023  President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi Egypt
2022 Kasym-Jomart Tokayev (President of Kazakhstan), Sadyr Japarov (President of Kyrgyzstan), Emomali Rahmon (President of Tajikistan), Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov (President of Turkmenistan), Shavkat Mirziyoyev (President of Uzbekistan) Five guests (Heads of State of Central Asia)
2021 - -
2020 President Jair Bolsonaro Brazil
2019 President, Cyril Ramaphosa South Africa
2018 Sultan Hassan-Al Bolkiah (Brunei), Hun Sen (Prime Minister of Cambodia), Joko Widodo (President of Indonesia), Thongloun Sisolith (Prime Minister of Laos), Najib Razak (Prime Minister of Malaysia), Htin Kyaw (President of Myanmar) ), Rodrigo Duterte (President of the Philippines), Halimah Yacob (President of Singapore), Prayuth Chan-ocha (Prime Minister of Thailand), Nguyen Tan Dung (Vietnam) Head of ASEAN countries
2017 Crown Prince, Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi
2016 The President, François Hollande France
2015 The President, Barack Obama USA
2014 Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe Japan
2013 The King, Jigme Kesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan
2012 Prime Minister, Yingluck Shinawatra Thailand
2011 The President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyuno Indonesia
2010 President, Lee Myung Bak Republic of Korea
2009 The President, Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan
2008 The President, Nicolas Sarkozy France
2007 The President, Vladimir Putin Russia
2006 The King, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud Saudi Arabia
2005 King, Jigme Singh Wangchuck Bhutan
2004 The President, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Brazil
2003 The President, Mohammad Khatami Iran
2002 The President, Kassam Utim Mauritius
2001 The President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika Algeria
2000 The President, Olusegun Obajanjo Nigeria
1999 Raja Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deo Nepal
1998 The President, Jacques Chirac France
1997 Prime Minister, Basadio Pandey Trinidad and Tobago
1996 The President, Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso Brazil
1995 The President, Nelson Mandela South Africa
1994 Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong Singapore
1993 Prime Minister, John Major UK
1992 President, Mario Soares Portugal
1991 President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives
1990 Prime Minister, Anirudh Jugnauth Mauritius
1989 Nguyen Van Linh Vietnam
1988 The President, Junius Jayawardene Sri Lanka
1987 President, Elaine Garcia Peru
1986 Prime Minister, Andreas Papandrieu Greece
1985 President, Raul Alphonsine Argentina
1984 King Jigme Singh Wangchuck Bhutan
1983 The President, Sehu Shagari Nigeria
1982 King, John Carlos I Spain
1981 The President, José López Portrillo Mexico
1980 The President, Valery Giscard the Staying France
1979 Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser Australia
1978 The President, Patrick Hillary Oirlond
1977 First Secretary, Edward Girek Poland
1976 Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac France
1975 President, Kenneth Kaunda Zambia
1974 The President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia

Prime Minister, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Sri Lanka
1973 The President, Mobutu Sese Seiko Jair
1972 Prime Minister, Seevusagar Ramgoolam Mauritius
1971 The President, Julius Nyerere Tanzania
1970 -  -
1969 Prime Minister, Todor Zikov Bulgaria
1968 Prime Minister, Alexey Kozygin Soviet Union

The President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia
1967 -  -
1966 -  -
1965 Rana Abdul Hamid, Minister of Food and Agriculture Pakistan
1964 -  -
1963 The King, Norodom Shinnok Cambodia
1962 -  -
1961 The Queen, Elizabeth II UK
1960 President, Kliment Voroshilov Soviet Union
1959 -  -
1958 Marshal Yi Jianying China
1957 -  -
1956 -  -
1955 Governor General, Malik Ghulam Mohammed Pakistan
1954 The King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck Bhutan
1953 -  -
1952 -  -
1951 -  -
1950 President, Sukarno Indonesia

Now practice related questions and see what you learnt?

Indian Republic Day GK Questions and Answers 🔗

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Indian Republic Day FAQs:

The National Bravery Awards award is presented during the Republic Day parade. The Indian Council for Child Welfare started these awards in 1957.

Several military contingents participate in the Republic Day procession in India. It consists of various forces of various armed forces, which may include Navy, Air Force, Army, Police Force and other armed forces.

On Republic Day in India, the President is given a 21-gun salute. This tradition symbolizes honor and respect for the highest office in the country. The salute is performed by the Indian Army with artillery guns firing in unison.

Even though India got independence on 15 August 1947, but on 26 January 1950, India became a full republic. The whole of India celebrates this day as Republic Day. The constitution was fully prepared on 26 November 1949 but after waiting for two months, it was implemented on 26 January 1950.

The country's first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad declared India a full republic on January 26, 1950 by hoisting the flag with a 21-gun salute. Since then every year this day is celebrated as Republic Day and this day is a national holiday across the country.

  Last update :  Thu 6 Apr 2023
  Post Views :  9613
  Post Category :  Modern Indian History