In 1894, in connection with a legal dispute, Gandhiji went to South Africa and launched the 'Disobedience Movement' against the injustice that took place there and returned to India after its completion. In 1916, Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa and then started taking his steps for the independence of our country. After the death of Congress leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1920, Gandhiji was the guide of the Congress.
In the First World War which took place between 1914 - 1919, Gandhiji gave full support to the British government on the condition that after this they would liberate India. But when the British did not do so, then Gandhiji started a number of movements to liberate the country. Some of these movements are as follows:
- In 1920: Non-cooperation movement
- In 1930: Disobedience movement
- In 1942: Quit India Movement
- In 1918: Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha
- In 1919: Khilafat Movement
In 1918: Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha: The 'Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha', run by Gandhiji in 1918, was the beginning of his movements in India and he was successful in this. This satyagraha was conducted against the British landlord. These British landlords were pushing Indian farmers to produce indigo and to the extent that they were also being forced to sell this indigo at a fixed price and Indian farmers Did not want to do this. Then he enlisted the help of Mahatma Gandhi.
On this Gandhiji started a non-violent movement and succeeded in it and the British had to obey him. In the same year, a village named Kheda, which is located in the state of Gujarat, flooded and the farmers there were unable to pay the tax imposed by the British government. Then he took help from Gandhiji for this and then Gandhiji used a weapon called 'Non-cooperation and agitated to get tax exemption to the farmers. Gandhiji received a lot of support from the public in this movement and finally in May 1918, the British Government had to declare relief to the farmers in its tax related rules.
In 1919, Gandhiji began to realize that the Congress was weakening somewhere, so he tried to save the sinking Naiya of the Congress and at the same time to bring out the British government through Hindu-Muslim unity Started To fulfill these objectives, he went to the Muslim society. The Khilafat movement was a global movement, which was launched against the Caliph of Muslims.Mahatma Gandhi held a conference of the Muslims of the entire nation [All India Muslim Conference] and he himself was also the principal person of this conference. This movement greatly supported the Muslims and this effort of Gandhiji made him a national leader and also became his special place in the Congress. But in 1922, the Khilafat movement stopped badly and after this Gandhiji kept fighting for 'Hindu Muslim unity' all his life, but the distance between Hindus and Muslims kept increasing.