Through this post, we will know important and interesting facts related to Mahatma Gandhi (महात्मा गांधी) such as his personal information, education and career, achievement and awards and other information. Important facts related to Mahatma Gandhi given here, have been collected from various sources, this will help you in preparing for competitive exams questions.
Brief information about Mahatma Gandhi
|Name||Mahatma Gandhi (महात्मा गांधी)|
|Nickname||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi / Bapu|
|Date of Birth||02 October 1869|
|Birth Place||Porbandar, Gujarat (India)|
|Death Aniversary||30 January 1948|
|Mother & Father Name||Putlibai Gandhi / Karamchand Gandhi|
|Achievement||1942 - Quit India Movement|
|Profession / Country||male / lawyer / India|
Mahatma Gandhi (महात्मा गांधी)
Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. The full name of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a leader who wanted to celebrate India's independence with non-violence. His mother's name was Putlibai Gandhi and she belonged to the Parnami Vaishya community. Putlibai was Karamchand's fourth wife. His first three wives died at delivery. People are also fondly called 'Bapu'.
Birth info about Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1897 in a coastal town of present-day Gujarat in western India at a place called Porbandar. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, belonged to the Pansari caste of Sanatan Dharma and was the Diwan, Principal Minister of a small princely state (Porbandar) of Kathiawar during the British Raj. In Gujarati, Gandhi means grocer, while in Hindi, Gandhi means perfume seller, which in English is called perfumer. His mother Putlibai was from the Parnami Vaishya community. Putlibai was Karamchand's fourth wife. His first three wives died at delivery. Due to the care of the devout mother and the Jain traditions of that region, they had an early impact on the young Mohandas who later played an important role in the life of Mahatma Gandhi. These influences included feelings of excitement in the weak, vegetarian life, fasting for self-purification and tolerance among people of different castes.
Death info about Mahatma Gandhi
On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse while he was walking the night on the grounds of Birla Bhavan (Birla House) in New Delhi. Gandhi's killer Nathuram Godse was a Hindu nationalist whose fundamentalist Hindu Mahasabha It was relations with which held Gandhi responsible for weakening India over the issue of paying Pakistan. Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were later sentenced by hanging and hanged on 15 November 1949. The memorial of Gandhiji at Raj Ghat, New Delhi has "Hey Ram in Devanagari" written on it.
Education info of Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhi was 13 and half years old in the year 1883 when he was married to one year old Kastur Bai Makanji. At that time, Kastur Bai was 14 years old. The wife's maiden name was shortened to Kasturba and she was affectionately called Ba. This marriage was arranged by his parents, it was an arranged child marriage, which was prevalent in most areas of India at that time. But it was the custom in that area that the teenage bride had to live longer than her parents' house and her husband. In 11885, when Gandhiji was 15 years old, his first child was born. But she survived only a few days. And this year his father Karamchand Gandhi also died. Mohandas and Kasturba had four children, all of whom were sons. Harilal Gandhi was born in 1888, Manilal Gandhi in 1892, Ramdas Gandhi in 1897 and Devdas Gandhi in 1900.
He did his middle school from Porbandar and high school from Rajkot. He was an average student in both examinations. He passed the post-matriculation examination from Shamaldas College in Bhavnagar with some difficulty. As long as he remained there, he remained unhappy because his family wanted him to be a barrister. About a month before his 19th birthday, on 4 September 1888, Gandhi went to England to study law at University College London and become a barrister. And returned from South Africa in the year 1915 to live in India.
Mahatma Gandhi Career Info
In 1894, in connection with a legal dispute, Gandhiji went to South Africa and launched the 'Disobedience Movement' against the injustice that took place there and returned to India after its completion. In 1916, Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa and then started taking his steps for the independence of our country. After the death of Congress leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1920, Gandhiji was the guide of the Congress.
In the First World War which took place between 1914 - 1919, Gandhiji gave full support to the British government on the condition that after this they would liberate India. But when the British did not do so, then Gandhiji started a number of movements to liberate the country. Some of these movements are as follows:
- In 1920: Non-cooperation movement
- In 1930: Disobedience movement
- In 1942: Quit India Movement
- In 1918: Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha
- In 1919: Khilafat Movement
In 1918: Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha: The 'Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha', run by Gandhiji in 1918, was the beginning of his movements in India and he was successful in this. This satyagraha was conducted against the British landlord. These British landlords were pushing Indian farmers to produce indigo and to the extent that they were also being forced to sell this indigo at a fixed price and Indian farmers Did not want to do this. Then he enlisted the help of Mahatma Gandhi.
On this Gandhiji started a non-violent movement and succeeded in it and the British had to obey him. In the same year, a village named Kheda, which is located in the state of Gujarat, flooded and the farmers there were unable to pay the tax imposed by the British government. Then he took help from Gandhiji for this and then Gandhiji used a weapon called 'Non-cooperation and agitated to get tax exemption to the farmers. Gandhiji received a lot of support from the public in this movement and finally in May 1918, the British Government had to declare relief to the farmers in its tax related rules.
In 1919, Gandhiji began to realize that the Congress was weakening somewhere, so he tried to save the sinking Naiya of the Congress and at the same time to bring out the British government through Hindu-Muslim unity Started To fulfill these objectives, he went to the Muslim society. The Khilafat movement was a global movement, which was launched against the Caliph of Muslims.Mahatma Gandhi held a conference of the Muslims of the entire nation [All India Muslim Conference] and he himself was also the principal person of this conference. This movement greatly supported the Muslims and this effort of Gandhiji made him a national leader and also became his special place in the Congress. But in 1922, the Khilafat movement stopped badly and after this Gandhiji kept fighting for 'Hindu Muslim unity' all his life, but the distance between Hindus and Muslims kept increasing.