Alauddin Khilji Biography and Interesting Facts

✅ Published on January 17th, 2021 in Biography, Rulers

Through this post, we will know important and interesting facts related to Alauddin Khilji (अलाउद्दीन खिलजी) such as his personal information, education and career, achievement and awards and other information. Important facts related to Alauddin Khilji given here, have been collected from various sources, this will help you in preparing for competitive exams questions.

Brief information about Alauddin Khilji

NameAlauddin Khilji (अलाउद्दीन खिलजी)
NicknameAlaud-Dīn Khaljī / Amir-e-tuzuk
Date of Birth 1296
Birth PlaceBengal, Birbhum District
Death Aniversary2 January 1316
Father Name Shihabuddin Mas'ud
Achievement1296 - Second ruler of khilji empire
Profession / Countrymale / Ruler / India

Alauddin Khilji (अलाउद्दीन खिलजी)

Alauddin Khilji was one of the most cruel humans ever born on earth. He had ascended the throne by killing his son-in-law and uncle and carried his head on a spear on a spear inside Delhi. He was the second ruler of the Khilji Empire who ruled from 1296 to 1316. Alauddin Khilji was the most powerful ruler of the Khilji Empire at that time.

Birth info about Alauddin Khilji

Contemporary revolutionaries did not write much about Alauddin's childhood. According to the 16th / 17th century crosser Haji-ud-Dabir, Alauddin was 34 years old when he began his march from Ranthambore (1300–1301). Assuming this to be correct, Alauddin's birth date may be 1266-1267. His original name was Ali Gurshasp. He was the eldest son of Shihabuddin Masood, the elder brother of Sultan Jalaluddin, the founder of the Khilji dynasty. He had three brothers: Almas Beg (later Ulugh Khan), Qutulug tigress and Muhammad.

Death info about Alauddin Khilji

Alauddin Khilji, suffering from ascites, spent his last time in extreme difficulties and died on 2 January 1316 AD. It is also said that Alauddin Khilji had a skin disease (leprosy) at the last moment due to which he began to suffer a lot, in the end his loyal Malik Kafur had liberated him at Alauddin's behest, Alauddin's tomb. The Qutub is located in the premises of the tower.

Alauddin Khilji Career Info

Alauddin Khilji ruled the Delhi Sultanate in the Indian subcontinent. He was the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. He made many important administrative changes related to revenue, price control and society. Alauddin was initially a nephew and son-in-law of the erstwhile Jalaluddin. When Jalaluddin became the Sultan of Delhi after the submission of the Mamluks, Alauddin was given the rank of Amir-i-Tuzuk (Amir-i-Tuzuk). Alauddin Khilji was a very cruel person because he had his uncle Jalaluddin murdered (22 October 1296). And in the next few years he successfully faced Mongol invasions from the Chagatai Khanate, at Jagar-Manzoor (1297–1298), Sivistan (1298), Kili (1299), Delhi (1303), and Amroha (1305). In 1306 he won a decisive victory by fighting with the Mongols near the banks of the river Ravi.

Alauddin conquered the kingdoms of Gujarat in the year 1299 and in 1304, Ranthambore in 1301, Chittor in 1303, Malwa in 1305, Sivana in 1308 and Jalore in 1311. Additionally, at times, Alauddin exploited Muslim fanatics against the treatment of Hindu chieftains and Zimis.

There were also some revolts in Alauddin Khilji's kingdom, including the partition of the funds received in the successful campaign of Gujarat in 1299, the rebellion was suppressed by Nusrat Khan. Alauddin Khilji killed nearly 30,000 Rajput heroes after winning the Chittor war and killing Rana Ratan Singh.

Alauddin Khilji Other Info

Construction work done by Alauddin Khilji: In 1296, Alauddin built the Hauz-e-Alai (later Hauz-e-Khas) reservoir, covering an area of ​​70 acres, and a stone masonry wall. Gradually, it was filled with mud and landed around 1354 by Feroz Shah Tughlaq. The autobiographical memoirs of Timur invading Delhi in 1398 mention that the reservoir was the source of water for the city throughout the year. In the early years of the 14th century, Alauddin built the Siri Fort. The fort walls were constructed primarily using rubble (in mud), although there are some traces of ash masonry (in lime and lime plaster).

During the Mongol invasion of 1303, Alauddin camped in Siri, and after the Mongols left, they built the Kasar-i-Hazar Situn palace at their camp site. The fort city of Siri existed in the time of Timur, whose memoir states that it had seven gates. It was destroyed by Sher Shah Suri in 1545, and some of its ruined walls now survive.

Alauddin built the Alai Darwaza, completed in 1311, and serves as the southern gateway leading to the Qawwat-ul-Islam Mosque, built by Qutb al-Din Aibak. He also began construction of the Alai Minar, which was twice the size of the Qutub Minar, but the project was abandoned, probably when he died.

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