Tipu Sultan Biography and Interesting Facts

✅ Published on May 4th, 2021 in Biography, Rulers

Through this post, we will know important and interesting facts related to Tipu Sultan (टीपू सुल्तान) such as his personal information, education and career, achievement and awards and other information. Important facts related to Tipu Sultan given here, have been collected from various sources, this will help you in preparing for competitive exams questions.

Brief information about Tipu Sultan

NameTipu Sultan (टीपू सुल्तान)
NicknameSultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab / Tipu sahib, the tiger of Mysore
Date of Birth20 November 1750
Birth PlaceDevanhalli, Karnataka (India)
Death Aniversary04 May 1799
Mother & Father NameFatima Fakhrunnisa / Hyder Ali
Achievement1761 - Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore
Profession / Countrymale / military officer / India

Tipu Sultan (टीपू सुल्तान)

Tipu Sultan was the ruler of the erstwhile Mysore state of India. Tipu Sultan is said to be a great ruler. He became the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in 1761 with his strength. Tipu is known as the lion of Mysore. Apart from a worthy ruler, Tipu was also a scholar, skilled scholar and poet.

Birth info about Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 in Devanhalli, Karnataka (India). His full name was "Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab". This name was named by his father. His father's name was Hyder Ali and mother's name was Fatima Fakhr-un-Nisa. His father was a military officer serving the Kingdom of Mysore.

Death info about Tipu Sultan

He defeated Tipu, and was killed on 4 May 1799, defending his Sheringapatam fort. Tipu used to wear a ring named 'Ram', after his death the ring was taken off by the British and then took it with him.

Education info of Tipu Sultan

Tipu's father, Hyder Ali, was a military officer in the service of the Kingdom of Mysore, who became the de facto ruler of Mysore in 1761, while his mother, Fatima Fakhr-un-Nisa, was the daughter of Governor Mir Mud-ud-Din. Of the fort of Kadapa. Hyder Ali appointed Tipu as a teacher capable of imparting early education in subjects such as Urdu, Persian, Arabic, Kannada, Quran, Islamic jurisprudence, horse riding, shooting and fencing.

Tipu Sultan Career Info

Tipu won the first war against the British at the age of 18. He never bowed to the empire of the growing East India Company in India during his reign. He introduced many administrative innovations during his rule, including a new coinage system and calendar, and a new land revenue system that led to the development of the Mysore silk industry. He expanded the iron-clad Mysorean rockets and launched the military manual Fatul Mujahideen. They deployed rockets against the advances of the British Army and their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars, including the Battle of Polilur and the siege of Seringapatam.

He embarked on an ambitious economic development program at the end of the 18th century establishing Mysore as a major economic power with the world's highest real wages and standard of living. He won a significant victory against the British in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and negotiated the 17th Treaty with Mangalore. His father died of cancer in December 1782 during the Second Anglo-Mysore War. Tipu became an enemy of the British East India Company in 1789, due to conflict with his attack on the British-affiliated Travancore. In the Third Anglo-Mysore War, he was forced into the Treaty of Seringapatam, losing the number of previously conquered territories, including Malabar and Mangalore.

In an attempt to oppose the British, he sent messengers to foreign states including the Ottoman Empire, Afghanistan and France. In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the imperial army of the British East India Company had the support of the Marathas. Tipu declared Mysore a Muslim state as soon as he ascended the throne. They converted millions of Hindus and converted them into Muslims. But after Tipu's death, he again became a Hindu. The weight of the Sultan's sword is 7 kg 400 grams. In today's time, Tipu's sword is worth 21 crores. In the colonial Indian subcontinent, he is acclaimed as a secular ruler who fought against British colonialism. But he was criticized for the suppression of Hindus in Malabar and Christians in Mangalore for both religious and political reasons.

Tipu Sultan Other Info

Tipu was commonly known as the tiger of Mysore, who is said to have been hunting in the jungle with a French friend. They came face to face with a tiger there. The tiger first attacked the French soldier and killed him. Tipu's gun did not work and his dagger fell to the ground as he jumped on the tiger. He reached for the dagger, picked it up, and killed the tiger with it. This earned him the name "Tiger of Mysore". He even had French engineers build a mechanical tiger for his palace.

Tipu Sultan Awards and Honors

In 2015, the Karnataka government, led by the then Chief Minister of the Congress Party Siddaramaiah, began celebrating Tipu's birth anniversary as "Tipu Sultan Jayanti". The Congress regime declared it an annual event to be celebrated on 20 November. It was initially celebrated in Karnataka by the Department of Minority Welfare.

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