Names of major fruits of India and their edible parts
What is the fruit called?
Fertilized, modified and mature ovary is called fruit. Generally the fruit is formed by the flower. The female gonad of the flower is modified by the process of ovary fertilization to form the fruit. In many plant species, the fruit includes the surrounding tissue in addition to the ripe ovary. The fruit is the medium by which flowering plants disseminate their seeds, although not all seeds come from the fruit.
How many types of fruits are there?
Types of Fruits:
There are three basic types of fruits: simple fruits, clustered fruits, and multilobed fruits.
Simple fruit:A simple or compound ovary containing only one stamen ripens to produce a simple fruit which may be dry or pulpy. Dried fruits can be either phlox (bursting to remove the seeds) or asphotic (not bursting so the seeds remain inside) when ripe. Examples of dried and normal fruits are: Fruits in which part or all of the fruit wall becomes fleshy at ripening are called normal pulpy fruits.
- Tufted fruits: These fruits develop from a single flower with many simple stamens. An example of this is raspberry.
Multisegmented fruit:A multisegmented fruit is formed from a cluster of flowers (an inflorescence). Each flower produces a fruit but all mature as a single body. Examples of these are pineapple, edible fig, mulberry, orange and breadfruit.
List of main fruits of India and their edible parts:
|Edible part name
|Mid fruit wall
|Endosperm and embryo
|Cotyledon and embryo
|Carrots, turnips, beets and radishes
|Guava, Tomato, Grapes
|Fruit wall and seedling
|Mid and interwall
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