Geographical surnames of major cities and states of India:

Here is a general information about the geographical surnames of major cities and states of India. In various competitive exams, some questions are asked based on the geographical names of major cities and states of India, so it is very important for your preparation for all types of exams. Let us know which city of India is known by which geographical surname:-

List of geographical surnames of different cities and states of India:

Surname Real Name
Manchester of india Ahmedabad
Three cities of India are famous by the name Manchester of India, the first Manchester of India is the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat. Second Manchester of northern India is called Kanpur city of Uttar Pradesh state and Manchester of South India is called Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu.
Bihar's grief Kosi River
The Kosi River or Koshi River originates in the Himalayas in Nepal and enters the Bharat Prajwal via Bhimanagar in Bihar. The floods in this cause a lot of devastation in Bihar, due to which this river is called 'Bihar ka curse (Bihar's mourning)'.
Heart of rajasthan Ajmer
Shah Jahan chose Ajmer as his temporary abode. He had also built a fort-prasad on the nearby hill of Taragarh, which Bishop Heber has called Gibraltar of India. It is certain, Ajmer was considered as the Naka of Rajasthan due to its important position during the Mughal period.
land of five rivers Punjab
The state of Punjab is known as the land of five rivers. Punjab means - the area of ​​five rivers is five rivers - Jhelum, Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab, Punjab.
Hollywood of India Mumbai
Mumbai is called the Hollywood of India. The reason why Mumbai is called the Hollywood of India is that the film industry of India is entirely based in Mumbai. The Indian film industry is one of the largest film industries in the world.
Pride of rajasthan Chittorgarh
Chittorgarh is witness to the bloodiest battles in history. Here's a look at three great narratives and some of the most heroic acts of might that are still sung by local singers. That is, Chittorgarh was the only state in history to capture which the great rulers had to press their eddy peak. But they had failed nonetheless. That is why Chittorgarh is called the pride of Rajasthan.
Blue mountain Nilgiri Hills
Nilgiri means "blue mountain". The entire area of ​​Neela Parbat constitutes the present district of Nilgiris. Between about 2,280 and 2,290 meters, the entire view of the Nilgiri Hills appears blue, due to which it is known as the Blue Mountains.
Pittsburgh or Steel City of India Jamshedpur
Due to the abundant availability of minerals and readily available water from the Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers, and proximity to Kolkata, the first seeds of today's modern city were sown here. Jamshedpur today is one of the most progressive industrial cities of India. That is why it is called the Pittsburgh of India or the steel city of India.
Rice bowl Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh is called the bowl of paddy (rice) because paddy is produced in large quantities here.
Bengal's grief Damodar River
Earlier, Damodar river was notorious for the floods. This river was earlier called the Sorrow of Bengal. The Damodar River originates from the Chota Nagpur region of Jharkhand and reaches West Bengal.
Queen of mountains Mussoorie
Mussoorie is a mountainous city in the state of Uttarakhand, India, this mountain tourist destination falls in the Himalayan range in the middle of the Himalayan ranges, which is also called the Queen of Mountains. Most of the tourists visit here throughout the year.
Fruit nuggets Himachal Pradesh
Himachal is called fruit nugget because it has a prominent place in the production of fruits and vegetables.
Gateway to india Mumbai
Mumbai port is the best maritime port in India. The coast of Mumbai is eroded due to which its harbor is natural and safe. Travelers and tourists coming from Western countries like Europe, America, Africa, etc. by waterways or air, first come to Mumbai, hence Mumbai is called the gateway of India.
Son of the sea Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep is the uppermost part of the Chagos-Lakshadweep coral reef, a vast submerged mountain range. Only a little vegetated sandy part is above the water mark. Submerged sand beaches are also submerged atolls. That is why it is also known as the son of the ocean.
Gem of karnataka Mysore
That is why Mysore is called the gem of Karnataka. Because in history the state of Karnataka was known as Mysore, it is also called the gem of Karnataka because of the Mysore Palace built in Mysore.
Garden of india Bangalore
The garden city of India, Bangalore is a perfect destination for travelers who love nature and who like to live in a lush green environment. So visit Bangalore and experience how many new experiences you can have among the trees. Bangalore is also known as the Garden City of India.
South Kashmir Kerala
Cherlam is said to have been formed from the addition of the words "Cher-sthala", 'mud' and "Alam-pradesh", which later became Kerala. Another meaning of the word Kerala is: - The land which has emerged from the sea. Kerala, the confluence of the sea and the mountains, is called the 'Kashmir of the South' for this reason.
City ​​of festivals Madurai
The city is known for its ancient temples. The city is called by many other names like Koodal Mangar, Tunganagar (City of Never Sleeps), Malligai Mangar (City of Mogre) The main attraction here is the Meenakshi Temple with its tall gopurams and rare sculptures attracting devotees and tourists. Huh. For this reason it is also called the city of temples.
Spice garden of india Kerala
Banana, coconut, arecanut, cassava, tea, coffee, vanilla, rubber, betel, turmeric and a large number of medicinal plants are the main crops here. Apart from these, various worker spices like black pepper, small cardamom, clove, nutmeg, ginger, etc., are cultivated in abundance in Kerala, due to which it is called "Garden of Spices".
Paris of India Jaipur
Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh had the entire city covered in pink to welcome Queen Elizabeth of England and Prince Albert, Prince of Wales. Since then the city has been named Pink City. Jaipur is also known as the Paris of India.
Queen of the South Pune
It is also known as 'Queen of the Deccan'. Known as the Queen of the Deccan, Pune is the cultural capital of the Marathis, the seventh largest city in India and the second largest city in Maharashtra. The city is also known as the Oxford of the East because of the many nominated educational institutions in the city.
Switzerland of India Kashmir
The mountain slopes of Switzerland are covered with snow, while the mountain slopes of Kashmir are also covered with snow throughout the year. That is why it is compared with Switzerland.
City ​​of nawabs Lucknow
Lucknow is located in the region which was historically known as Awadh region. Lucknow has always been a multicultural city. Manners, beautiful gardens, poetry, music and fine cuisine were always patronized by the Shia Nawabs here. Lucknow is also known as the "City of Nawabs".
Dakshin Ganga Godavari River
The Godavari is the largest river in the peninsular region. The Godavari river is known as the Dakshina Ganga due to its long distance and wide area. This river originates in the Nashik district of Maharashtra from the western slope and flows eastwards and joins the Bay of Bengal.
Ganges of South India Kaveri
The Kaveri river originates from the Brahmagiri mountain of the Western Ghats, this river flows in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, this river has water throughout the year. This river is also called the Ganges of South India.
There is also a serious dispute between the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka regarding the sharing of the waters of the Cauvery river, which is popularly known as the Cauvery water dispute.
Diamond Harbor Hajipur
Earlier known as Hajipur, this city was named Diamond Harbor by the British. It was considered a safe resting place for sea-going ships and overlooked the river. After the Rupnarayan river joins the Hooghly river, the river bends towards the south and spreads as a vast water body.
City ​​of palaces Kolkata
Kolkata is known across the country as City of Palaces and City of Joy. It is a city located on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River and is the capital of West Bengal. Kolkata is known as the City of Palaces because of the number of buildings built by the British Raj during the 19th century.
Heart of india Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh, which is called the heart of India, was formed on November 1, 1956. Since then this day is celebrated as the state's foundation day. Madhya Pradesh is also known for its majestic monuments and famous history. There are many tourist places here due to its historical events.
City ​​of seven islands Mumbai
Mumbai is called the city of seven islands, in ancient times all these islands were very popular, later it was jointly called Mumbai.
Queen of arabian sea Kochi
Kochi is called the queen of the Arabian Sea. Cochin was an insignificant fishermen's village, later the backwaters of the Arabian Sea and the waters coming down from the gorges separated the village from the mainland, making this landlocked port one of the safest ports on the south-west coast of India.
Intersection of national highways Kanpur
Kanpur is well connected by road to the major cities of the country. National Highway 2 connects it with Delhi, Allahabad, Agra and Kolkata, while National Highway 25 connects Kanpur with cities like Lucknow, Jhansi and Shivpuri.
City ​​of lakesSrinagar
Srinagar is called the city of lakes because it has many small and big lakes. Many ponds here are famous for tourist places, of which Bada Talab is the most prominent.
Pink CityJaipur
Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh had the entire city covered in pink to welcome Queen Elizabeth of England and Prince Albert, Prince of Wales. Since then the city has been named Pink City. Jaipur is also known as the Paris of India.
City ​​of bridgesSrinagar
Srinagar is the capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. And Srinagar is a snowy mountainous area, due to which many rivers pass through here, due to which many bridges are built here, that is why it is also called the city of bridges.
City ​​of temples and ghatsVaranasi
The city of Varanasi has also got many nicknames, such as- 'City of Temples', 'Holy City of India', 'Religious Capital of India' etc.
Manchester of North IndiaKanpur
The city named Manchester is situated in England and is famous for the textile industry. It is also a stronghold of the textile sector in Europe. The story of this name joining India started when the British Raj used to be in India. For this reason, being a pioneer in the clothing industry, Kanpur came to be called the Manchester of India.
Golden Temple CityAmritsar
The entire Amritsar city is situated around the Golden Temple. Amritsar is actually named after the lake which was built by Guru Ram Das himself with his own hands. This Gurudwara is situated in the middle of this lake. The outer part of this Gurudwara is made of gold, hence it is also known as 'Golden Temple'.
Vesin of the eastCochin
Kochi has been the spice trade center of India's western coastline since the 14th century and was known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea and the Venice of the East. In 1503 it was conquered by the Portuguese and it became the first European colony of colonial India.
Twin citiesHyderabad and Secunderabad
Both Hyderabad and Secunderabad are the major famous twin cities of India today. Due to the food and language here, both these cities are a major center of attraction among the tourists coming here today. But Hussain Sagar Lake separates these two cities from each other.
Uttar Pradesh's JavaGorakhpur
The city of Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh is called the Java of India. This is rightly said because of the large number of sugar mills in the area.
Pittsburgh of IndiaJamshedpur
Jamshedpur is called the Pittsburgh of India because it has all the similarities with the steel making capital of the world. Both the cities are rich in minerals, water sources are available in the nearby cities. Another reason is that the city was designed by Julian Kennedy, an engineer from Pittsburgh.
India's Mini SwitzerlandKhajjiar District (Himachal Pradesh)
The name of Khajjiar is believed to be due to the temple of Khaji Nag located here. Due to the geographical structure of this place, it is called Mini Switzerland of India. It is like a rare coincidence to have all these three ecosystems here in one place, lake, pasture and forest.
Abode of godAllahabad
The first city was named 'Allahabas' or 'Allahabad' by Akbar. Akbar's famous historian Abul Fazl has written in 'Aain Akbari', not giving any Sun Samvat, only that "this place was called 'Payag' (Prayag) since ancient times. The emperor named it 'Ilahabas', which means 'the abode of God'.
City ​​of lakesUdaipur (Rajasthan)
Udaipur is called the city of lakes because many lakes have been created in Udaipur. Which enhances the beauty of Udaipur. There are many lakes worth visiting in Udaipur like Fatehsagar, Pichola, Udaysagar, Dudhtalai, Badi Talab etc. And there are not many lakes in Udaipur itself, but there are many lakes in the places around Udaipur as well.
City ​​of gardensKapurthala
The city is a famous tourist attraction in Punjab due to its distinctive architecture and gardens. Hence it is also known as the city of palaces and gardens.
Super broadcast cityChennai
Chennai is called a super-expanding city. There are many places of interest in which Madras University, Chepauk Palace, Fisheries Centre, Kapileswara and Parthasarathy's temple, museum and zoo are prominent. Another important attraction of Chennai is St. George Fort. It was built in 1640 by Francis Dey of the East India Company.
Jodhpur is also a famous tourist destination with its many magnificent palaces, forts and temples amidst the Thar desert. It is also called "Sun City" because of the year-round shining sun. It was also known as the "Blue City" because of the thousands of blue houses that surrounded the Mehrangarh Fort located here.
Petha cityAgra
Agra city is called the city of petha, here petha is found in many varieties, which are very tasty, bird petha is a famous product here.
City of Temples and GhatsVaranasi
Varanasi is a famous city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also called 'Banaras' and 'Kashi'. It is considered a holy city in Hinduism and is called Avimukt Kshetra. Apart from this, it is also an important city in Buddhism and Jainism. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world.
lock cityAligarh
The city of Aligarh located in Uttar Pradesh is known as Tala Nagari. Aligarh Uttar Pradesh - This city is famous for the construction of locks, hence it is also known as Talanagri. Aligarh district was earlier known as Kol Kshetra.
City ​​of fragrancesKannauj
The name of the city is derived from the Sanskrit word Kanyakubja. Kannauj is an ancient city and once revered as the capital of the Hindu Empire.
Antimony cityBareilly
Situated on the banks of Ramganga, this city was the capital of the historical region of Rohilkhand. The city of Bareilly has carved a niche for itself in every field of business from zari to handicrafts, bamboo furniture. The antimony here also does not require any identity. People from far and wide take antimony from here.
Weavers' cityPanipat
Panipat, the city of weavers, is famous all over the world because of the hardworking artisans. Lakhs of artisans are working in small to big industries. When the fingers of the weavers move along the warp, one design after another is created automatically. Earlier, blankets, khes and rugs were made here only on the ravines.
Electronic cityBangalore
Bangalore is known as the electronic city of India. Because Bangalore is a city where electronic and other new things are discovered or experimented on. India's only electronic park has been built here in 800 acres. There are many big electronic companies here.
City ​​of ralliesDelhi
New Delhi, the capital of India, is called the city of rallies. The reason why Delhi is called the city of rallies is that due to being the center of power in India, people keep organizing rallies, dharnas, etc., on almost every day of the year. New Delhi's Jantar Mantar is world famous for its rally.
lady of the hillNetarhat
Netarhat is a hill station. It is situated at an altitude of 3622 feet above sea level. It is situated at a distance of about 150 kms from Ranchi. Nature has decorated it very beautifully.
Coal townDhanbad
Apart from coal, various types of minerals are also found in these mines. Dhanbad is famous all over the world for its mines. These mines are the backbone of Dhanbad's economy. These mines are also very important in terms of tourism as tourists come to see these mines in large numbers.

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  Last update :  Sat 15 Oct 2022
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  Post Category :  Human Geography of India