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Har Gobind Khorana Quick General Knowledge

NameHar Gobind Khorana (Har Gobind Khorana)
Date of Birth09 January 1922
Birth PlaceRaipur (District Multan, Punjab)
Date of death09 November 2011
Monther & Father NameKrishna Devi Khorana / Ganpat Rai Khorana
Achievement1968 - First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in the field of medicine
Profession / Countrymale / Scientist / India

Har Gobind Khorana - First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in the field of medicine (1968)

Dr. Hargovind Khurana was an Indian-American scientist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1968 for demonstrating the role of nucleotides in protein synthesis. He was given the award jointly with two more American scientists.

Hargovind Khurana was born on 09 January 1922 in Raipur, British India, to a poor family. His mother's name was Krishna Devi Khurana and father's name was Ganpat Rai Khurana. His father was a lawyer. He was the youngest of his siblings.
Har Gobind Khurana died on November 9, 2011 at the age of 89 in Concord, Massachusetts. His wife, Esther, and daughter, Emily Anne, had previously died, but Khorana was survived by his other two children. Julia Elizabeth later wrote about her father's work as a professor: "Even while doing all this research, he was always interested in students and young people in education."
He was a D.A.V. High School (Dayanand Arya Samaj High School, now called Muslim High School) in Multan, West Punjab. Later, he studied at Punjab University in Lahore with the help of scholarship, where he obtained a bachelor's degree in 1943 and a master's of science degree in 1945.

When Hargovind Khurana came to India after getting education from England, he did not find any work worthy of him. Frustrated, Daubra went to England where he got membership in the University of Cambridge and had the opportunity to work with Lord Todd. After this, in 1952, Hargovind was appointed Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry of the British Columbia Research Council of Canada. In 1960, he got the position of Professor in the Institute of Enzyme Research at the University of Wisconsin, USA. After which he accepted American citizenship.

Hargovind continued to study the chemical composition of nuclei of organism cells for a long time. The discovery of nuclei with respect to nuclear acids has been taking place for a long time, but this was made possible by the special methods of Dr. Khurana. The subject of their study is the extremely complex, basic, chemical structures of subsets called nucleotids. By combining these aggregates, Dr. Khurana succeeded in making compounds called nucleoprotid enzymes of two classes of importance. Dr. Khurana was successful in combining eleven nucleotides and now he was able to laboratory synthesis of nucleic acids with known chain nucleotides, this success has made it possible to understand the structure and genetic properties of amino acids and scientists are now genetically You will be able to find the cause of diseases and the remedy to overcome them. Explain that Hargovind Khurana was the first to demonstrate the role of nucleotide in protein synthesis.


He was awarded the 1968 Nobel Prize along with two other American scientists for this important discovery for the success of Dr. Khurana's role of nucleotides in protein synthesis. But before this, he was awarded the Merck Award from the Chemical Institute of Canada in 1958 and was appointed visiting professor at Rakfeller Institute in New York the same year. In 1959, he was elected a member of the Chemical Institute of Canada and he gave the inaugural address at the International Council of Biochemistry in 1967. Along with Dr. Nirenberg, the Lucia Grötz Horwitz Award of twenty five thousand dollars was also received in 1968 itself. Google honored him on pechele year 9 January 2018 by remembering him on his 96th birth anniversary and honoring his works by creating a Google Doodle in his memory.

Har Gobind Khorana FAQs:

Har Gobind Khorana is to be known as the First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in the field of medicine in 1968.

Har Gobind Khorana died on 09 November 2011.

Har Gobind Khorana father name was Ganpat Rai Khorana.

Har Gobind Khorana mother name was Krishna Devi Khorana.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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