Through this chapter, we will know important and interesting facts related to Meghnad Saha such as his personal information, education and career, achievements and honored awards and many more. Important facts related to Meghnad Saha given in this topic have been collected, which will help you in preparing for competitive exams.

Meghnad Saha Quick General Knowledge

NameMeghnad Saha (Meghnad Saha)
Date of Birth06 October 1893
Birth PlaceShortoli, Dhaka, Bengal
Date of death16 February 1956
Monther & Father NameBhuvaneshwari Devi / Jagannath Saha
Achievement1952 - First Indian scientist elected to the Lok Sabha
Profession / Countrymale / Politician / India

Meghnad Saha - First Indian scientist elected to the Lok Sabha (1952)

Meghnad Saha was a great astronomer of India. Dr. Meghnad Saha discovered the physical reasons for the close relationship between the temperature and spectrum of stars. He also had significant contribution in the field of Indian calendar. He stood as an independent candidate in the parliamentary elections held in 1952 and won the election with a large margin, making him the first Indian scientist to be elected to the Lok Sabha.

Meghnad Saha was born on 06 October 1893 in a poor family in village Shaoratoli, about 45 km from Dhaka (present-day Bangladesh). His father's name was Jagannath Saha and mother's name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi.
Meghnad Saha died on 16 February 1956 (age 62 years) from a cardiac arrest in New Delhi, India. He had been suffering from high blood pressure for ten months before his death. He fell a few yards away when he was leaving for the office of the Planning Commission in Rashtrapati Bhavan. He died at 10:15 am (IST) on his way to the hospital.
He got his early education at Dhaka Collegiate School. Due to poverty, Saha had to struggle a lot to move forward. After this, he studied in Dhaka College. At the same time, he learned German from Prof. Nagendra Nath Sen, who came to Doctorate from Vienna. Also studied at Presidency College, Kolkata.

In the year 1917, Saha was appointed as a professor in the University College of Science, Kolkata. There he taught quantum physics. He chaired the 'Indian Science Congress "in the year 1934. Meghnad Saha was also the chairman of the committee which had been formed by the Government of India for calendar reform. Institutions. He founded the Institute of Nuclear Physics in the year 1947, which later came to be named "Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics". Saha also used an instrument to measure the weight and pressure of solar rays. Invented and helped to build several scientific institutions, such as the Department of Physics at the University of Allahabad and the Institute of Atomic Physics in Calcutta.

He founded the journal Science and Culture and was editor until his death. He was a pioneer in organizing many scientific societies, such as the National Academy of Sciences (1930), the Indian Physical Society (1934), the Indian Institute of Science (1935). He was the director of the Indian Association of the Cultivation of Science during 1953–1956. He also contributed to the independence of the country. When the British government divided this state to break the Bengal movement in the year 1905, the entire Meghnad was also not left untouched by it. The Governor of East Bengal at that time was Sir Bamfield Fuller. During this period of unrest, when Fuller came to visit Meghnad's Dhaka Collegiate School, Meghnad boycotted Phullar along with his peers. As a result, Meghnad was shown a way out of school. Meghnad came in contact with the revolutionaries while studying in the Presidency College. At that time, joining the Anusheelan Samiti was considered the first lesson of the country service for the freedom-loving youth. Meghnad also joined this committee.

Saha was awarded the degree of D.Sc by the University of Calcutta in 1918 for his "Thesis of Radiation, Pressure and Electromagnetic Theory". In 1927 he was elected a Fellow of the 'Royal Asiatic Society' of London. The Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, established in 1943 in Kolkata, is named after him.

Meghnad Saha FAQs:

Meghnad Saha is to be known as the First Indian scientist elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952.

Meghnad Saha died on 16 February 1956.

Meghnad Saha father name was Jagannath Saha.

Meghnad Saha mother name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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