Through this post, we will know important and interesting facts related to Jawaharlal Nehru (पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू) such as his personal information, education and career, achievement and awards and other information. Important facts related to Jawaharlal Nehru given here, have been collected from various sources, this will help you in preparing for competitive exams questions.
Brief information about Jawaharlal Nehru
|Name||Jawaharlal Nehru (पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू)|
|Nickname||Uncle Nehru, Pandit Nehru|
|Date of Birth||14 November 1889|
|Birth Place||Allahabad, British India|
|Death Aniversary||27 May 1964|
|Mother & Father Name||Swarooprani Thusu / Motilal Nehru|
|Achievement||1947 - First Prime Minister of India|
|Profession / Country||male / Politician / India|
Jawaharlal Nehru (पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India and a great fighter of the Indian freedom struggle. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in the Pandit community in Allahabad, British India. His father's name was Motilal Nehru and mother's name was Swarooprani Thusu. Jawaharlal Nehru held the post of Prime Minister of India from 1947 to 1964. Jawaharlal Nehru was very fond of children and children used to fondly call him as 'Chacha Nehru'. Children's Day was celebrated on 14 November every year in India to raise awareness about children's rights, care and education. Every year, the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (November 14) is celebrated across the country as Children's Day. Children's Day is a national festival of India dedicated to children.
Birth info about Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad. He also eats uncle Nehru. He was born in a rich family. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's father's name was Motilal Nehru and mother's name was Swarooprani Thusu. His father was a wealthy barrister from the Kashmiri Pandit community. She had two sisters, of whom the eldest sister was Vijaya Lakshmi, who later became the first woman president of the United Nations General Assembly and the youngest sister, Krishna Hathsing, who became a notable writer.
Death info about Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru died of a heart attack on 27 May 1964 (age 74) in New Delhi, Delhi, India.
Education info of Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru had the opportunity to pursue education in the finest schools and universities in the world. He did his schooling from Harrow and college from Trinity College, London. He completed his law degree from Cambridge University. Nehruji received the title of Bar-at-Law in 1912, studying at Harrow and Cambridge and was called to the Bar.
Jawaharlal Nehru Career Info
Pandit Nehru completed his law degree from the University of Cambridge, after which he spent seven years in England where he developed a rational approach to Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism. Pt. Nehru returned to India in the year 1912 and started practicing pure Hindi grammar as well as practiced in India. In the same year, he participated in the Bankipur Conference as a delegate, in the year 1917, he joined the Jawaharlal Nehru Home Rule League, after which two years later in 1919 he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi and became directly involved in politics. Nehru was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's ideas and, like his father, separated himself from Western culture and adopted Indian culture. He was now wearing a Khadi kurta and a Gandhi cap. Became Secretary of Home Rule League of Allahabad in 1919. He organized the first peasant march in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh in 1920. He also had to go to jail twice in connection with the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920-22. But after a few months he was released. Pandit Nehru became the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee in September 1923. Pt. Nehru was elected President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in the year 1924 and served as the Chief Executive Officer of the city for two years after which he resigned in 1926 citing lack of cooperation from the British authorities. Along with which, from the years 1926 to 1928, Nehru served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee.
He visited Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany and Russia in 1926. In Belgium, he attended the Conference of the Deen countries in Brussels as an official representative of the Indian National Congress. He attended the tenth anniversary celebration of the October Socialist Revolution in Moscow in 1927. Earlier in 1926, Nehru had an important role to play in the Madras Congress to commit the Congress to the goal of independence. He was lathi charged in 1928 while leading a procession against the Simon Commission in Lucknow. He attended the all-party conference on 29 August 1928 and was one of those who signed the Nehru Report on Indian constitutional reform. The report was named after his father, Mr. Motilal Nehru. The same year he founded the "Indian Independence League" and became its general secretary. The original purpose of this league was to completely separate India from the British Empire. In December 1929, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore in which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected the President of the Congress Party and a resolution was also passed during the same session demanding "complete Swarajya". On 26 January 1930, Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India in Lahore and Gandhiji also called for the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930.
In 1929, Pandit Nehru was elected the President of the Lahore Session of the Indian National Conference, whose main goal was to achieve complete independence for the country. He was imprisoned several times during 1930–35 due to the Salt Satyagraha and other Congress movements. He completed the writing of his "Autobiography" in Almora Jail on 14 February 1935. After his release, he went to Switzerland to see his ailing wife and he visited London in February-March 1936. He also visited Spain in July 1938 when civil war was going on there. He also visited China shortly before World War II began. Pandit Nehru protested against forcing India to take part in the war, conducting a personal satyagraha, which led to his arrest on 31 October 1940. He was released from prison in December 1941 along with other leaders. In the All India Congress Committee meeting held in Mumbai on 7 August 1942, Pandit Nehru set the goal of implementing the historic resolution "Quit India". On 8 August 1942 he was arrested along with other leaders and taken to Ahmednagar Fort. This was the last time he had to go to jail and this time he had to spend the longest time in jail. He went to jail nine times in his entire life. After his release in January 1945, he defended the INA officials and individuals facing charges of treason. In March 1946, Pandit Nehru visited Southeast Asia. On 6 July 1946, he was elected President of the Congress for the fourth time and again from 1951 to 1954 he was elected to this post for three more times.
Jawaharlal Nehru Other Info
Pandit Nehru was not only a great politician and influential speaker, but also a well-known writer. His autobiography was published in 1936 AD and was respected in all countries of the world. His other works include India and the world, Soviet Russia, a glimpse of world history, the unity and independence of India, and the subsequent notable ones. The last two of these books are collections of his retail articles and speeches. Some of his important awards are: Iam's father: Letters of the daughter - 1929, Glimpses of world history (in two volumes) - 1933, Meri Kahani (an auto biography) - 1936, of India. Khoj / Story of Hindustan (The Discovery of India) - 1945, Away from politics, great men of history, father of the nation, Jawaharlal Nehru Valley (11 volumes) etc.
Jawaharlal Nehru Awards and Honors
In 1955, Nehru was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor. In 2012, Nehru was ranked No. 4 on The Greatest Indian Poll of the President, with President Rajendra Prasad giving him this honor without the Prime Minister's advice.