In 1865 Dadabhai Naoroji founded the London Indian Society and Banerjee was made its General Secretary. In November 1866, Naoroji London dissolved Indian society and formed the East Indian Union. When Banerjee became president of the Congress, Nairoji, along with Ardley Norton and William Digby, opened a congressional branch of the Congress, the Congress Political Agency in London. He returned to Calcutta in 1868 and took up the job of barrister-at-law in the Calcutta High Court. Banerjee, greatly influenced by his visits to the Parliament and Courts of London, soon became one of the youngest and most eloquent, lawyers of the Government of India.
In 1892, Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee was again invited to preside over a major seventh session of the National Congress of India in Allahabad. In this session he condemned India's position to prove its worthiness for political independence. In the same year Banerjee was elected to represent the Legislative Council on behalf of the Senate of the University of Calcutta. He was elected the first president of the 'Indian National Congress "at a session in Bombay in 1885. The session ran from December 28 to December 31 and was attended by 72 members. In 1892, Banerjee was invited by the Liberal Party to barrow into the furnace. Made his candidate for the House of Commons from the seat, but Banerjee lost to his rival Charles Sezer. In this election Dadabhai Nairoji defeated his opponent from Finsbury seat by 5 votes. Thus in 1893 Naoroji became the first Indian member of the British Parliament. Become
Dadabhai Nairoji, Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee Badruddin Tayyabji together established the Indian Parliamentary Committee in England. After retiring from the Calcutta Bar in 1901, he moved to London, where he continued his advocacy with the Privy Council, but in 1904 he lost his eyes. Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee, his dear friend Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who also presided over the Banaras Congress session, settled in London (England) after retiring from the Calcutta Bar in 1901. He was the first Indian (but he did not win) to contest for Britain's House of Commons. Vyomesh Banerjee was such a staunch follower of the English gait, that he himself Englishised his family name "Banerjee" and changed it to "Bonnerji".