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Marie Curie Quick General Knowledge

NameMarie Curie (Marie Curie)
Real nameMaria Sklodowska Curie
Date of Birth07 November 1867
Birth PlaceWarsaw, Poland
Date of death04 July 1934
Monther & Father NameBransilava Skłodowski / Władysław Skłodowski
Achievement1903 - The first woman in the world to receive the Nobel Prize
Profession / CountryFemale / Scientist / Poland

Marie Curie - The first woman in the world to receive the Nobel Prize (1903)

Marie Curie was a noted physicist and chemist. Mary discovered radium. Madame Curie was a Russian woman. Marie Curie is the first woman to complete her doctorate in France. She also had the distinction of being the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris. He also received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the Isolation of Pure Radium in the field of chemistry. She is the first woman scientist to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in two branches of science.

Marie Curie was born on 07 November 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Marie Curie's full name was Marie Skladovka Curie.
Marie Curie died due to aplastic anemia disease in the sanatorium on 4 July 1934 (aged 66) in Passy, Haute-Savoie, France.
When Marie Curie was ten years old, Maria J. Began attending Sikorska's boarding school; Subsequently, she attended a gymnasium for girls, from which she graduated on 12 June 1883 with a gold medal. Or, and next year with her father in Warsaw, where she did some tutoring. Unable to enroll in a regular institution of higher education as she was a woman, she and her sister Bronislaw joined with the Clandestine Flying University (sometimes translated as floating university), a Polish patriotism of higher education. The institution that admitted female students.

In the year 1893 by Marie Curie, was awarded a degree in Physics and began working in the industrial laboratory of Gabriel Lipman. Meanwhile, she continued to study at the University of Paris and was successful in obtaining a second degree in 1894 with the help of fellowships. Sklodowska began his scientific career in Paris with an investigation into the magnetic properties of various industries, commissioned by the Society for the Promotion of National Industry. In the same year, Pierre Curie entered his life; It was their mutual interest in natural sciences that drew them together. Pierre Curie was an instructor at The City of Paris Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution. She was introduced to the Polish physicist Jozef Varius-Kowalski, who found that she was looking for a larger laboratory location, something that Veres-Kowalski felt Pierre had access to. Although Curry did not have a large laboratory, she was able to find someplace for Skolodowska where she was able to start work.

She married the scientist Pierre Curie in the year 1894. At the insistence of Skolodowska, Curie wrote his research on magnetism and received his own doctorate in March 1895; He was also promoted as a professor in the school. In 1895, Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the existence of X-rays, although the mechanism behind his production was not yet understood. In 1896, Henry Beckrell discovered that uranium salts emit rays that are X-rays in their penetrating power. He demonstrated that this radiation, unlike phosphorescence, did not depend on any external source of energy, but spontaneously originated from the atom. Impressed by these two important discoveries, Currie decided to look at uranium rays as a potential area of ​​research for a thesis. On 26 December 1898, the Curie announced the existence of a second element, which they named "Radium".

Between 1898 and 1902, Curies published, jointly or severally, a total of 32 scientific papers, one of which declared that diseased, tumor-producing cells destroyed faster than healthy cells when exposed to radium. Used to go. In 1902 she moved to Poland on the occasion of her father's death. In June 1903, under the supervision of Gabriel Lipman, Curie was awarded his doctorate from the University of Paris. That month the couple were invited to give a speech on radioactivity at the Royal Institution in London; Being a woman, they were prevented from speaking, and Pierre Curie was allowed alone. Meanwhile, a new industry began to develop, based on radium. The Curie did not patent its discovery, and there was little profit from this rapidly profitable business. In August 1922, Marie Curie became a member of the newly formed International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. She remained on the committee until 1934 and contributed to the scientific coordination of the League of Nations with other prominent researchers such as Albert Einstein, Hendrik Laurentz, and Henry Bergson. In 1923 she wrote a biography of her late husband, named Pierre Curie.

As one of the most famous scientists, Marie Curie has become an icon in the scientific world and has received tribute from all over the world. In a 2009 survey conducted by New Scientist, she was voted "the most inspiring woman in science". Poland and France declared 2011 as the year of Marie Curie and the United Nations declared that it would be the International Year of Chemistry. On November 7, Google celebrated its birth anniversary with a special Google Doodle. On December 10, the New York Academy of Sciences celebrated the centenary of Marie Curie's second Nobel Prize in the presence of Sweden's Princess Medellin. Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person to win two Nobel Prizes, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in many sciences. Marie Curie's publication in 1898 with her husband and her colleague Gustave Baymont's discovery of radium and polonium was honored by a citation for the Chemical Breakthrough Award from the Department of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society presented at the ESPCI Paris in 2015 Was. In 1920 she became the first female member of The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. In 1921, the U.S. In, she was granted membership in the Iota Sigma Pi Women's Scientists' Society. In 1924, she became an honorary member of the Polish Chemical Society. In January 2020, high-resolution Earth observation imaging and analytics company Satlogic launched a S-Sat type microsatellite in honor of Marie Curie.
YearAwards/HonorsAwarding Country or Institution
1996Honored Plate Human Rights Watch
2001Raffato Award Human Rights Award in Norway
2003Nobel Peace PrizeNorwegian Nobel Committee
2004International democracy awardNational address for democracy
2004James Parks Morton Interfaith AwardNew York Interfaith Center
2005UCI Civil Peace Building AwardUniversity of California, Irvine
2005Golden plate awardAcademy of achievement
2006Legion of Honor AwardLegion of Honor Military, France
2008Tollengerpris der Evangelischen Academy TootingEvangelish Academy Tutzing
2009International Service Human Rights AwardHuman Rights Guard Organization