Group of Monumnets at Mahabalipuram Quick Facts

PlaceMamallapuram, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu (India)
Built byPallava Dynasty
Established inBetween 630 AD to 728 AD
TypeReligious Places, Temples, Historical Groups of Monuments
UNESCO World Heritage Site1984 AD
Opening Time6:00 am to 6:00 pm
Entrance FeesRs 35 for Indians, Rs 550 for Foreign travelers

Group of Monumnets at Mahabalipuram Overview

One of the many great countries of the world, India is a country that contains different types of variations within, for which it is also very famous in the world. The Mahabalipuram Memorial Group located in a province of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu is known all over the world for its special Artwork, History and Architectural style.

Group of Monumnets at Mahabalipuram History

The history of this monument group is very blurred as no clear evidence of its construction has been found. Some inscriptions and coins found at that place are estimated that it was built in the 7th century AD by the Pallava dynasty of South Madras. The Pallava dynasty also founded the Mahabalipuram fall, on which traders of Kambuja (Cambodia) and Srivijaya (Malaysia, Sumatra, Java) came and traded. This collapse became very famous between about 630 AD and 728 AD because this was the period in which the Mahabalipuram Sammak group was formed and equipped.

Group of Monumnets at Mahabalipuram Interesting Facts

  1. Mahabalipuram was developed as a sea port of Mamallapuram from about the 1st century AD to about the middle of the 2nd century AD.
  2. These monuments are located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in the Kancheepuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
  3. Mahabalipuram was the second-largest religious and political capital of the great Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman I (630-68 AD).
  4. The city of Mamallapuram has developed about 2000 years ago, which included various amenities.
  5. Considering the Beauty, Artwork, Craftsmanship, and historical importance of this group of monuments, it was World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO in the year 1984.
  6. The coastal temples of Mahabalipuram were built around the 7th century AD during the reign of Rajasimha. The temple is a polygonal dome, in which the idols of Lord Vishnu and Shiva have also been installed.
  7. This group of monuments includes several temples, which include Krishna Cave Temple, Arha Cave Temple, Mahishasuramardini Mandap, Panchapandava Cave Temple and structural temples include Coastal Temple and Olakkaneshwar Temple etc.
  8. The Union Ministry of Tourism and Culture looks after the conservation and protection of this group of monuments. The Ministry of Tourism has also implemented a project called "Integrated Development of Mamallapuram" for its conservation.
  9. The Distance of the Memorial group from Madras is about 50 km.
  10. The unique Ratha cave temples of Mahabalipuram were built during the reign of Pallava king Narasimha in the middle of the 7th to 8th centuries. These temples were built by cutting stones which reflect the grand architecture of the Pallava rulers.
  11. There are about forty Monuments in this group of monuments, which are classified into five different groups for completion. These include Chariot-shaped temples, Cave temples, Rock relief monuments, and Structural temples.
  12. There are 8 chariot temples in this memorial group, out of which 6 are named after the Pandavas (five brothers) of Mahabharata and Draupadi, such as Bhima Ratha, Dharmaraja Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Nakula Sahadeva Ratha and Draupadi Ratha, etc. The style of construction of these temples was based on Buddhist Viharas and Chaitya styles.
  13. The largest of these Rathnuma temple groups is the incomplete three-floors Dharmaraja Temple and the smallest one is that of Draupadi.
  14. In the mid-20th century, the archaeologist AH Longhurst described Pallava architecture, including those found at Mahabalipuram in four chronological styles, including Mahendra between (610 AD to 640 AD), (640 AD to 670 AD). Narasimha Varman I, between 674 AD to 800 AD, Rajasimha, and (800 AD to 900 AD) Nandivarman.
  15. Each monument in Mahabalipuram is dedicated to a deity or a character in Hindu mythology that provides insight into medieval South Indian history, culture, government and religion.।

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