Mount Rushmore National Memorial Quick Facts
|Keystone, South Dakota, (United States of America)
|Gutzen Borglum, Linköln Borglum
Mount Rushmore National Memorial Overview
America, the world's most powerful country, is known all over the world for its history, culture, and artwork. America has been the homeland of many great people, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodor Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, etc. Mount Rushmore National Memorial was established in America in honor of these great citizens, in which idols of these famous people have been made.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial History
The name was given to Mount Rashmore in the year 1885 after Charles E. Rashmore, a famous lawyer from New York. Doen Robinson wanted to increase the number of tourists in the Black Hills of Southern Dakota, for which he had the objective of creating artifacts of some great people in this mountain. He had a dream to make some major heroic sculptures on Black Hills, which he contacted a famous sculptor Gutzon Borglam, who was carving Stone Mountain in Georgia. Agreed to meet Robinson and Gutzon Borglam believed that this mountain should be built with national importance that would make the history of our country more relevant. He wanted to build a historical place for democracy. In the year 1927, carving work started on the mountains of Black Hills and after a few years this work was completed by 1941.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial Interesting Facts
- The dream of building a sculpture in the Black Hills was conceived by South Dakota historian Doane Robinson in the year 1923. He wanted to find a way to attract tourists to the state.
- The faces of 4 prominent US Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln have been built on this mountain.
- The height of the face of each great president, carved on the Black Hills mountain, is about 60 feet.
- The mountain was officially recognized as Mount Rushmore by the United States Board of Directors in 1930, taking into account the geographical names.
- This hilly region is covered over an area of about 1,278 acres (5.17 sq km).
- The carvings on this mountain started around 1927 and were finished in the year 1941.
- The project took approximately 14 years to complete and its total cost was approximately $989.32.
- In 1937, Congress introduced a bill to add to the mountain the image of Susan B. Anthony, a prominent leader of US Congressional officials, but it was rejected.
- In 1938, Gutzon Borglum began secretly dismantling a Hall of Records built in the mountain behind the head, which was closed by Gutzon Borglum in 1939.
- Sculptor Gutzon Borglum died in March 1941, leaving his son Lincoln Borglum to complete the construction of the monuments.
- The carvings on this mountain were handled by a team of over 400 men.
- 90% of the carving of this mountain was done with the help of dynamite, in which more than 450,000 tons of rock were removed with the help of laborers and machines.
- In the year 2016, about 24 lakh 31 thousand 231 tourists had come to Mount Rushmore to see this great monument.
- Mount Rushmore is made of granite, which is eroded by about 1 inch every 10,000 years, due to which it is estimated that the monument will be completely destroyed after about 500,000 years.