Taj Mahal Quick Facts
|Place||Agra, Uttar Pradesh (India)|
|Construction Period||1632 AD to 1653 AD.|
|Architect (Masonry)||Ustad Ahmad Lahori, Ustad Isa|
|Build by||Shah Jahan|
|Entry Fee for Foreigners||Rs 1000|
|Entry Fee Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries For||Rs 530|
|Entry Fee for Indian and OCI Cardholder||40 Rs.|
Taj Mahal Overview
The Mughals have made a very important contribution to Indian history, one of which is their Architecture style. The world-famous building built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan is one of the seven wonders of the world. The Taj Mahal is a poem of a love carved in marble. In view of its beauty, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
Taj Mahal History
Each Ancient building has its own special history and the history of the Taj Mahal makes people crazy about it, in the year 1631 AD Arjumad Bano Begum (Mumtaz Begum) died due to disease, her last wish was that A historic building should be built in his memory, which has never been built in the world. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan was determined to fulfill the last wish of Mumtaz Begum with determination and invited the famous architects of Afghanistan and Iran, Ustad Ahmad Lahori and Ustad Isa, and ordered that he should build a tomb that will never be built in the world. Has been seen, who becomes famous in the world for his artwork.
In the year 1632 AD, both the architects started the work of building the Taj Mahal by making a map of the Taj Mahal according to their imagination and after 20 years (according to Wikipedia) it was built and handed over to the emperor in 1653 AD.
Shah Jahan (Shihab al-Din Muhammad Khurram):
The Mughal Emperor Al Azad Abul Muzaffar Shahab ud-Din Mohammad Khurram, better known as Shah Jahan, was born on 5 January 1592 in Lahore (Pakistan), he was the 5th emperor of the Mughal Empire was the emperor of the Mughal Empire from 1628 to 1658. But in 1658, he was taken captive by his son and placed under house arrest in the Agra Fort, and his rule was also snatched away. He died in the year 1666 AD, after which he was also buried next to the grave of Mumtaz Begum.
Arjumand Bano Begum, the wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who is known as Mumtaz Mahal, was born in 1593 in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was done at the time of giving and after his death he was buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra.
Architectural Style of Taj Mahal:
The Architectural style of the Taj Mahal is based on the Mughal architectural style, the Taj Mahal is actually a mausoleum with the tombs of Mumtaz Begum and Emperor Shah Jahan in the center. On the west side of the Taj Mahal, there is an entrance that is 151 feet long, 117 feet wide, and 100 feet high and its main gate is 30 meters high and is made of red sandstone, there is also a small size dome above it. Its most beautiful dome is of marble, which enhances its beauty, small dome umbrellas have also been built around it, there are four huge towers around the Taj Mahal, whose height is 40 meters.
Taj Mahal Interesting Facts
- More than 25,000 skilled craftsmen were called to build the Taj Mahal, which included painters, artists, and many architects.
- 1500 elephants were used to import goods during the construction of the Taj Mahal.
- To decorate the Taj Mahal, 28 precious stones were imported from abroad and other places, which were later looted by foreigners.
- The total cost to build the Taj Mahal was 3 crores, which was a very high cost at that time.
- About 4 million people visit Agra every year to see the Taj Mahal, of which 70 percent are Indians.
- The total height of the Taj Mahal is 73 meters.
- A small hole vertically above Mumtaz's tomb on the roof of the main hall of the Taj Mahal, from which a drop of water always drips.
- The four minarets of the Taj Mahal have been built so that it can be protected from earthquakes and other calamities.
- The Taj Mahal was built using white marble which further enhances its beauty.
- India's famous journalist and writer in his book The Taj Mahal Is A Temple Place described the Taj Mahal as a Hindu temple and should also highlight its facts.
- The main dome of the Taj Mahal has an urn on its crown, it was of gold till 1800 AD but later it was taken by the British and now there is an urn made of bronze.
- The Taj Mahal was built on a small land plateau at the south end of the delimited Agra city, which belonged to Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur. Shah Jahan, in exchange for a small land plateau, gave Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur a large palace in the center of the city of Agra.
How to reach Taj Mahal
- Taj Mahal is open 30 minutes before sunrise and 30 minutes before sunset.
- Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays only those people are allowed inside the Taj Mahal Attends prayers in the mosque.