Jantar Mantar Jaipur Rajasthan India History and Interesting Facts

Jantar Mantar Jaipur Quick Facts

PlaceJaipur, Rajasthan State (India)
Built byRaja Sawai Jai Singh
Build inBetween 1724 AD to 1734 AD
TypeAstronomical Observatoryा
Opening TimeMorning 9:00 am to Evening 5:00 pm
Entrance FeesRs 50 Indians and Rs 200 for Foreigners
Building materialLocal stone and marble

Jantar Mantar Jaipur Overview

Jantar Mantar, located in Jaipur, the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan, is one of the most well-known Jantar-Mantras located in India. It was built between 1724 AD to 1734 AD by the illustrious King Sawai Jai Singh II of the Kachhwaha Dynasty. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is an Astronomical Observatory, which was constructed to find time from the position of the Sun.

Jantar Mantar Jaipur History

There is no written evidence of the construction of Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, but the equipment available inside Jantar Mantar was built in 1728 AD and the construction continued till 1738 AD. When it was ready, about 23 astronomers were appointed in Jaipur for this. After which King Sawai Jai Singh bought Delhi's land as the main obsession. But when the king died in 1743 AD, the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur used to be the central observatory of the king.

After the death of the king, there was a civil war for succession in which Ishwar Singh's successor supported the observatory. Later, in the Vedashala, between 1778 AD to 1803 AD, Pratap Singh was renovated by rebuilding Jantar Mantar. But this led to the end of the activities of the observatory and later it was cloudy in a gun factory by Pratap Singh. After which, between 1835 AD and 1880, Ram Singh repaired the equipment of Jantar Mantar, causing this observatory to work again.

Jantar Mantar Jaipur Interesting Facts

  1. The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur, 282 years ago, has been included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO, considering the Indian science of studying celestial phenomena through instruments made of wood, limestone, and metal as 'Wonderful'.
  2. The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is the first monument in the Indian state of Rajasthan and India's 28th monument in the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO. For its maintenance, UNESCO gives an international amount of 40 thousand dollars in the form of fund.
  3. The list of the main yantras located in the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur includes Azimuth, Rajyantra, Uttansh yantra, Brihat Samrat yantra, Laghu Samrat yantra, Jaiprakash yantra, Ramyantra, Dhruva yantra, Dakshinayantra, Laghukranti yantra, Nadivalaya yantra, Rashivalaya, direction yantra, long revolution yantra, Rajyantra, and advanced equipment
  4. Uttanasana Yantra is used to measure the altitude and angular height of a body in the sky. It is located in a circular open square and square place near the entrance of Jantar Mantar.
  5. Dakshinodak Bhityantra at the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is a wall-shaped building known as Dakshinodak Bhityantra. It is located in the eastern direction from the entrance, this yantra was used for the elevation of the sun at midday and by them for the solar revolution and daytime, etc.
  6. The Samrat Yantra is the largest instrument of the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur because its top is located at a height of 90 feet, due to which it is known as Samrat Yantra.
  7. Jayaprakash Yant located in Jantar Mantar was invented by Raja Jai ​​Singh himself and its shape is the shape of a bowl, due to which it is considered to be the most unique of all the instruments, with which this instrument is used for astronomical visualization, knowledge of each substance. , and was used to find out the location of the Sun in any zodiac.
  8. Similarly, the Nadivalaya Yantra was used to make a suitable estimate of the local time, the Dhruvdarshak plate was used to know the position and direction of the pole star, and the Laghu Samrat Yantra was used to calculate the time accurately.
  9. The Rashi Valaya Yantra, located at the Jantar of Jaipur, is used to show the positions of planets and constellations, the Chakra Yantra is used to measure the magnitude and instantaneous geographic coordinates of celestial bodies, the Ramayantra is used to perform astronomical calculations, and finally, The azimuth instrument was used to study the Azimuth of objects.
    1. How to reach Jantar Mantar Jaipur

      • The nearest metro station to Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is Chandpole metro station. It is located at a distance of 1.9 km from the astronomical observatory.।
      • Apart from this, Jaipur Junction Railway station, located at a distance of 4.7 km from Jantar Mantar, is the nearest railway station to this monument.
        Last update :  2022-08-03 11:44:49
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        Post Category :  Historical Monuments