Sheila Dixit served as the female Chief Minister of Delhi from 1998 to 2013 from the Indian National Congress Party. He held the post of Chief Minister of National Capital Territory of Delhi for 15 years. Sheila Dixit first won the election from the Gol Market area in 1998 for the post of Chief Minister. She won 52 out of 70 seats by defeating Bharatiya Janata Party candidate, Kirti Azad by 5,667 votes and then became the second woman Chief Minister after Sushma Swaraj for the first time. He won the second time in the 2003 assembly elections from Gol Bazar Assembly constituency, defeating BJP candidate Poonam Azad by 12,935 votes and this was his second term as the Chief Minister of Delhi. He contested for the third time from the Delhi Assembly constituency in 2008, winning by defeating Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Vijay Jolly by 13,982 votes. Sheila Dixit won the Congress government 43 out of 70 seats. With whom Dixit continued to hold the post of Chief Minister of Delhi, winning for the third time in a row. When Sheila Dixit contested in the Delhi Assembly in 2013, Aam Aadmi Party founder Arvind Kejriwal defeated Sheila Dixit by 25,864 votes. With which he resigned as Chief Minister on 8 December 2013 but remained the Acting Chief Minister of Delhi State till Arvind Kejriwal was sworn in till 28 December 2013.
Sheila Dixit also represented the Kannauj parliamentary constituency of Uttar Pradesh, during the period between 1984 and 1989. When she became the President of Young Women's Association in 1970, she had contributed significantly in the establishment of two large hostels in Delhi. From 1978 AD to 1984 AD, she served as the Executive Secretary of the Garments Exporters Association. Sheila Dixit was also the secretary of Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust, Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust offers Indira Gandhi Award for Peace, Disarmament and Development, under her patronage, this trust also opened an environmental center. She represented India in the UN Commission on the Status of Women for five years between 1984 AD and 1989 AD.