ISO History, Objectives, Member Countries and List of Main Standards

Information about International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

What is International Organization for Standardization (ISO)?

The International Organization for Standardization is concerned with the standardization of many technical and non-technical fields. It is a non-governmental organization that sets standards for the quality of goods and services in different countries of the world. ISO has published about 22,041 international standards. The ISO standard certificates are related to industries in the fields of agriculture, technology, food safety and health. The standards are reviewed every five years to incorporate changes as a result of technological developments. Today, ISO is also active in the standardization of new areas such as advanced materials, biology, urbanization and service.

Brief information about International Organization for Standardization (ISO):

Full form of ISO

International Organization for Standardization
Establishment 23 February 1947
Type Non government organization
Purpose International Standardization
The headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Total Members 165 (July 2021)

When was the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) established?

History of ISO:

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was established on 23 February 1947 in Geneva. The first meeting of International Standardization was held in London on 14 October 1946. ISO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The first ISO standard was published in 1951 and that standard was related to industrial length measurement.

Objectives of International Organization for Standardization (ISO):

The main objectives of the formation of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) include promoting the development of standardization and related activities, cooperation in intellectual, scientific, technical and economic activities to ensure the quality, safety and efficiency of goods, services and systems at the international level. development etc. It becomes very easy for any company to sell products and services that meet the standards set by ISO.

Member of International Organization for Standardization:

As of July 2021, the number of member countries of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is 1652. Each member is a national body and is most representative of the standardization of its country. There is one member to represent each country. Members of Western industrialized countries are usually private organizations, while members of other countries are often government organizations. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has three membership categories:-

  • Member Societies: They are national bodies, which are considered to be the most representative standards body in each country. Only these members have the right to vote.
  • Representative Members: Representative members include nations that do not have their own standards organization. These members are kept informed of ISO activities, but do not participate in standard promulgation or enforcement.
  • Contributor or subscriber members: Contributor or subscriber members include nations with smaller economies, which offer reduced membership fees, but can follow the development of standards.

Advantages of ISO:

In general, the ISO certificate is very important for the companies that sell their products in the market, because it gives many benefits to the company such as:-

  • ISO Certificate is considered a symbol of the quality and purity of the company.
  • This increases the reliability of the company's product in the market.
  • ISO Certificate promotes the industrial and commercialism of the company.
  • The quality of the product is improved and the cost is reduced.
  • ISO Certificate protects the interests of the customers of the company etc.

Where to go in simple words, ISO certificate is very important for the company, because in a way it gives a new clean image to the company.

Activities of International Organization for Standardization:

The main focus of ISO is measurement, alphabetization, transcription, specification of parts, materials, surfaces, processes and equipment, and setting standards for testing processes and machines. These standards are published as International Standards (IS). The first ISO standard was published in 1951 and that standard was related to industrial length measurement. Today there are about 12,200 ISO ISs available for a wide range of fields. On request, ISO sets up international technical committees to investigate and resolve specific issues of standardization. The standards are reviewed every five years to incorporate changes as a result of technological developments. Today, ISO is also active in the standardization of new areas such as advanced materials, biology, urbanization and service.

List of main standards issued by ISO:

Standard name Region
ISO 9001 Quality Management
ISO 14001 Environmental Management
ISO 22000 Food Safety Management
ISO 13485 Medical Equipment
ISO 20121 Sustainable Events
ISO 639 Language Code
ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety
ISO 4217 Currency Code
ISO 37001 Anti-bribery Management System
ISO/IEC 17025 Testing and Testing Laboratories
ISO 26000 Social Responsibility
ISO 8601 Date and Time Format
ISO 31000 Risk Management
ISO 3166 Country Code
ISO 50001 Energy Management
ISO/IEC 27001 Information Security Management
  Last update :  2022-09-08 10:50:54
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