International Organizations of the World:

In the 20th century, many institutions/organizations have been established in the social, political and economic fields. Some institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund have been established to deal with monetary issues, the United Nations to deal with political issues and the European Union to deal with social and commercial issues. Many questions related to these organizations and institutions are asked in various competitive exams. Let us know about the names, establishment years and headquarters of the world's major international institutions:-

List of world's International organizations/Institutions and their Headquarters:

Establishment year Names of Major International Organizations/Institutions Headquarters (Location)
23 June 1894 International Olympic Committee (IOC) Lausanne, Switzerland
July 29, 1957 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna Capital of Austria
1945 International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington D.C. Capital of America
1958 African Economic Commission (ECA) Addis Ababa Capital of Ethiopia
25 May 1963 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia
30 April 1948 Organization of American States (OAS) Washington D.C.Capital of America
22 March 1945 Arab League Cairo Capital of Egypt
September 1961 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Paris (Capital of France)
1923 INTERPOL Paris Capital of France
July 1961 Amnesty International London Capital of England
28 March 1947 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) Bangkok (Bangkok) Capital of Thailand
22 August 1966 Asian Development Bank (ADB) Manila Capital of the Philippines
30 October 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Geneva, Switzerland's second largest city
8 August 1967 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Jakarta capital of Indonesia
4 April 1949 NATO Brussels the capital of Belgium
5 January 1949 Mutual Economic Assistance Council (COMECON) Moscow Capital of Russia
1941 Western Asia Economic Commission (ECWA) Baghdad Capital of Iraq
September 1960 Organization of the Petroleum Producing Countries (OPEC) Vienna Capital of Austria
December 1946 UNICEF New York America's largest city
16 November 1945 UNESCO Paris Capital of France
1 January 1958 European Atomic Energy Community (EURATON) Brussels Capital of Belgium
1964 European Space Research Organization (ESRO) Paris (Capital of France)
1958 European Economic Community (EEC) Geneva, Switzerland
- European Energy Commission (EEC) Geneva, Switzerland
1969 European Common Market (ECM) Geneva, Switzerland
1998 European Free Trade Association (ECTA) Geneva, Switzerland
1928 Commonwealth London Capital of England
1973 Commonwealth Heads of State Conference (CHOGM) Strasbourg
1863 Red Cross Geneva, Switzerland
1948 World Council of Churches (WCC) Geneva, Switzerland
29 April 1961 World Wildlife Conservation Fund (WWF) City of Gland, Switzerland
1944 World Bank Washington DC Capital of America
1 January 1995 World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva Switzerland
17 November 1966 United Nations Organization for Industrial Development (UNIDO) Vienna capital of Austria
5 June 1972 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Nairobi Capital of Kenya
1964 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Geneva, Switzerland
14 December 1950 United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) Geneva, Switzerland
8 December 1985 SAARC Kathmandu Capital of Nepal
07 April 1948 World Health Organization (WHO) Geneva, Switzerland
September 18, 1998 Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Los Angeles, California, United States
October 1975 United Nations World Tourism Organization Madrid the capital of Spain
22 December 1999 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Geneva, Switzerland
14 July 1967 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva, Switzerland
1988 Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Washington D.C. Capital of America
16 November 1994 International Sea Surface Authority (ISA) Kingston Capital of Jamaica
17 May 1865 International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Geneva Switzerland
1969 United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) New York Largest city in America
1997 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Vienna Capital of Austria
9 October 1874 Universal Postal Union (UPU) Bern Switzerland
July 1961 Amnesty International (London) Capital of England
1965 International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Paris Capital of France
16 October 1945 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Palazzo FAO, Rome, Italy
July 2014 New Development Bank (NDB) Shanghai, China
29 April 1961 World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Avenue du Mont-Blanc, Gland, Vaud, Switzerland
1945 International Court of Justice (ICJ) The Hague, Netherlands
29 April 1997 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) The Hague, Netherlands
1974 Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) -

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International Organization FAQs:

Margaret Chan is the first Chinese woman to head the World Health Organisation. Chan left the Hong Kong government in August 2003 after 25 years of service to join the World Health Organisation. Initially he did not take the position of assistant as it was not approved by the Chinese government.

The headquarters of the World Health Organization (WHO) is located in Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva is the second largest city in Switzerland after Zurich. It is adjacent to France and its official language is French.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Nepal is the first country in South-East Asia to eliminate trachoma. Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. It is caused by an obligate intracellular bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis.

On April 16, 2018, Bharti Enterprises Vice Chairman Rakesh Bharti Mittal was elected as the new President of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) for the year 2018-19.

The International Criminal Police Organization is an international organization that facilitates police cooperation and crime control around the world. Its headquarters is in Lyon, France. It has seven regional bureaus around the world, and a national central bureau in all 194 countries that are members, making it the largest police organization in the world.

  Last update :  Thu 6 Apr 2023
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