Meaning of politician: 

A politician, political leader or political figure is a person who is involved in influencing public policy and decision-making. This includes those who hold decision-making positions in government, and those who seek those positions, whether by election, inheritance, coup, appointment, conquest, divine right, or other means.

Politics is not limited to governance through public office. Political offices may also be held in corporations, and other entities that operate by self-defined political processes or may be known as freedom fighters.

History of Politics and Political Studies:

Political science has a long history. It originated in the ancient period of Greece, when there were small towns of the Greek state. City states were called polis in Greek. In Greek, the word polis actually refers to a place that was occupied by the Athens Greeks about 2600 years ago for a mountain fortification, which is very high above the city of Athens, and to this day the location of the Acropolis (Acropolis). , which means hill fort.

In ancient times, the Greek inhabitants of Athens repaired the site of a hill fort or fortress from time to time, when the inhabitants of the city of Athens would sit on the site and judge the problems of Athen's kingdom. In other words, the Acropolis was "the main place for the direct state government of the city of Athens to decide." From the name of that place 'Polis' simply means 'City Raj'. And at present it is often said that the word politics or political science is derived from the Greek word 'polis'. The subject which is today called Political Science or Politics was called 'Politics' in ancient times.

The word politics is derived from the Greek word polis. The Greek philosopher Aristotle named his world famous book Politics. Over time, there have been some changes in the name of the subject of the multilateral study of the state, and eventually most authors named the subject political science.

List of prominent politicians or statesmen in the history of India:

Here is a list of some famous politicians of India, these are the famous persons who have proved themselves as a skilled politician:-

Jawahar Lal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. Under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi, he emerged as the supreme leader of the Indian independence movement and ruled from India's establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964.
Indira Gandhi Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and then the Prime Minister of India in the fourth term from 1980 to her political assassination in 1984. She was the first and till now the only woman Prime Minister of India.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the three-time Prime Minister of India. He was the Prime Minister of India first from 16 May to 1 June 1996, and again in 1998 and again from 19 March 1999 to 22 May 2004. He was a Hindi poet, journalist and a prolific speaker.
Vallabh Bhai Patel Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel, popularly known as Sardar Patel, was an Indian politician. He served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was an Indian lawyer and politician, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a unified, independent nation.
APJ Abdul Kalam Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as the Missile Man and the President of the People, was the eleventh elected President of the Republic of India. He was known as the former President of India, a well-known scientist and engineer.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian polymath, jurist, economist, politician, and social reformer. He inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination against untouchables (Dalits). He also supported the rights of workers, farmers and women. He was the first Law and Justice Minister of independent India, the father of the Indian Constitution and one of the architects of the Republic of India.
Jai Prakash Narayan Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian freedom fighter and politician. He is best known for leading the opposition against Indira Gandhi in 1970. To remove Indira Gandhi, he started a movement called 'Sampoorna Kranti'. He was a social worker, also known as 'Lok Nayak'.
Kanshiram Kanshi Ram was an Indian politician and social reformer. He worked for the political integration and upliftment of Bahujans in the Indian Varna system. At the end of this he worked for Dalit Shoshit Sangharsh Samiti (DSSS), All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation (BAMCEF) in 1971 and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984. established.
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was an Indian lawyer, writer, politician and philosopher. He is also known as Rajaji. He was the second Governor General of independent India and the first Indian Governor General. He was the Chief Minister of Madras Province from 10 April 1952 to 13 April 1954.
Ram Manohar Lohia Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia was a fighter of India's freedom struggle, a strong thinker and socialist politician.

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  Last update :  Fri 11 Nov 2022
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