List of official state trees of Indian states:

Here information about the national tree of India and the state tree of the states is given. Banyan is the national tree of India. The banyan tree is a symbol of immortality due to its ever-expanding branches. The unity of India is reflected by the vast and deep roots of this tree. This tree is also called Kalpavriksha which means the tree that fulfills the wishes. The banyan tree has immense medicinal properties and is associated with longevity. Very few people know that in 1985, the Indian Board for Wildlife suggested all the states and union territories of India to declare their own state animal, birds, trees and flowers by marking them.

The national tree of India is Banyan. It is also the state tree of Orissa. Almost similar is the situation with Peepal and Hulung. Both Bihar and Haryana have declared Peepal as their state tree. Hulung is famous all over the world by the name of Holang. Hulung is considered as their state tree by both Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

State
Names of indian states State tree name Scientific name of tree

Neem Azadirachta indica
Andra Pradesh Neem is a deciduous tree of Indian origin. It has been found for centuries in neighboring countries- Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Indonesia, Sri Lanka etc. But in the last about 150 years, this tree has crossed the geographical boundary of the Indian subcontinent and has also reached many tropical and sub-tropical countries of Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia, South and Central America and South Pacific Islands. Its botanical name is Azadirachta indica. The botanical name of neem is derived from its Sanskrit language nimb.

Hollong Dipterocarpus retsus
Arunachal Pradesh Dipterocarpus retsus, commonly known as the hollong, is a large tree and probably the best known species in the genus Dipterocarpus. Halong is the state tree of Assam, India. Holong is a medium hardwood, woody tree. It grows naturally in the forests of Upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Halong is a sacred tree for the Moran community of Assam. Today hollong is used in the plywood industries.

Sacred fig (Peepal) Ficus religiosa
Bihar Peepal is a giant tree of the species of banyan, or sycamore, found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China and Indonesia, which has been given an important place in Indian culture and is worshiped on many festivals. Like the banyan and sycamore tree, its flowers are also secret, hence it is also called 'Guhyapushpak'. Like other Ksiri (milk bearing) trees, Peepal also has longevity. Its fruits are full of seeds like banyan-sycamore and small grains like peanuts in shape.

Sal Shorea robusta
Chattisgarh Sal or Sakhu (Shorea robusta) is a dicotyledonous perennial tree. Its wood is used in building works. Its wood is very hard, heavy, strong and brown in color. It is called Agnivallabha, Ashvakarna or Ashvakarnika in Sanskrit.

Coconut Cocos nucifera
Goa Coconut is a perennial and monocot plant. Its stem is long and branchless. At the upper end of the main stem is a crown of elongated leaves. These trees are found on the seashore or in salty places. In Bengali it is called Narikeel. Coconut trees grow extensively in India, mainly in Kerala, West Bengal and Orissa. It is also grown in Mumbai in Maharashtra and in coastal areas and Goa.

Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Gujarat Banyan is a huge multi-year tree. It is also called 'Vat' and 'Bad'. It is a terrestrial dicotyledonous and flowering tree. Its stem is straight and hard. Roots emerge from its branches and hang in the air and while growing enter the earth and become pillars. These roots are called Baroh or Praap root.
Its fruit is small spherical and red in color. The seed is found inside it. Its seed is very small but its tree is very big. Its leaves are broad, and almost elliptical. By breaking its leaves, branches and buds, milk-like juice is released which is called latex acid.

Sacred fig (Peepal) Ficus religiosa
Haryana Peepal is a giant tree of the species of banyan, or sycamore, found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China and Indonesia, which has been given an important place in Indian culture and is worshiped on many festivals. Like the banyan and sycamore tree, its flowers are also secret, hence it is also called 'Guhyapushpak'. Like other Ksiri (milk bearing) trees, Peepal also has longevity. Its fruits are full of seeds like banyan-sycamore and small grains like peanuts in shape.

Deodar Cedrus deodara
Himachal Pradesh Deodar is a tall coniferous tree with straight stems, whose leaves are long and somewhat rounded and whose wood is strong but light and fragrant. The shape of their cones is very similar to that of fir. Their origin is in the mountains of the Western Himalayas and the Mediterranean region.

Sal Shorea robusta
Jharkhand Sal or Sakhu (Shorea robusta) is a dicotyledonous perennial tree. Its wood is used in building works. Its wood is very hard, heavy, strong and brown in color. It is called Agnivallabha, Ashvakarna or Ashvakarnika in Sanskrit.

Sandalwood Santalum album
Karnataka Indian sandalwood album has the highest rank in the world. It also has economic importance. This tree is mainly found in the forests of Karnataka and is also found elsewhere in other parts of India. Some high places in India from 600 to 900 meters and the Malaydweep are its origin.

Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Madhya Pradesh Banyan is a huge multi-year tree. It is also called 'Vat' and 'Bad'. It is a terrestrial dicotyledonous and flowering tree. Its stem is straight and hard. Roots emerge from its branches and hang in the air and while growing enter the earth and become pillars. These roots are called Baroh or Praap root.
Its fruit is small spherical and red in color. The seed is found inside it. Its seed is very small but its tree is very big. Its leaves are broad, and almost elliptical. By breaking its leaves, branches and buds, milk-like juice is released which is called latex acid.

Mango Mangifera indica
Maharashtra Mango is a type of succulent fruit. It is also called the king of fruits in India. Its native species is called Indian mango, whose scientific name is Mangifera indica. Mango species are called Mangifera. The species of this fruit was earlier found only in the Indian subcontinent, after which it gradually spread to other countries. Most of it is produced in India. It is considered the national fruit in India, Pakistan and the Philippines and in Bangladesh its tree has the status of a national tree.

Tona (Uningthou) Tona ciliata (Phoebe hainesiana)
Manipur Phoebe hynesiana is a species of tree in the family Lauraceae, native to India. Komon names include Uningthou and Bonsam. It is the state tree of Manipur.

White teak Gmelina arborea
Meghalaya Gmelina arborea, known locally as gammar, is a fast-growing deciduous tree in the family Lamiaceae.

Nagkeshar (Iron wood) Mesua ferrea
Mizoram Ironwood is a generic name for a number of woods or plants that have a reputation for hardness, or especially the density of a wood that is heavier than water, although the use of the name ironwood in English may or may not indicate a tree that is can which produces such heavy wood.

Elder Alnus nepalensis
Nagaland Alder is the common name for a genus of flowering plants belonging to the birch family Betulaceae. The genus consists of about 35 species of trees and shrubs, some reaching large sizes, distributed throughout the northern temperate zone, with some species extending into Central America, as well as the northern and southern Andes.

Sacred fig (Ashwattha) Ficus racemosa
Odisha Ficus is a huge tree of the family. It is called Udumbar in Sanskrit, Dumur in Bengali, Udumbar in Marathi, Umbra in Gujarati, Jamizh in Arabic, Figs in Persian from the branches of Adamas. The fruits are round-shaped like figs and white-white milk comes out from it. Its leaves are like lobed leaves. The leaves and flowers of river Udumbar are smaller than the leaves and fruits of sycamore.

Sheesham (Indian rosewood) Dalbergia sissoo
Punjab Shisham is a tree native to the Indian subcontinent. Its wood is very suitable for furniture and timber. Sheesham is a versatile tree. Its wood, leaves, roots are all useful. Furniture is made from wood. Leaves are protein rich fodder for animals. Roots make the land more fertile. Leaves and branches gradually increase the ground water storage by dropping rain-water droplets on the ground.

Khejri Prosopis cineraria
Rajasthan Rohida or Tecomela undulata is the state flower of Rajasthan (declared in 1983). It is mainly found in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan and Pakistan. Rohida tree is the main source of timber in Shekhawati and Marwar region of Rajasthan. It is also known as Marwar teak. Found in arid and semi-arid regions, this tree is of deciduous type. This tree is very useful for the stabilization of sand dunes.

Burans or Burunsh (Pink rhododendron) Rhododendron
Sikkim Burans or Burunsh (Rhododendron / Rhododendron) is a tree with beautiful flowers. The Burans tree is the state tree of Uttarakhand, and in Nepal, the Burans flower has been declared the national flower. In the summer, the hills are filled with the dry flowers of Burans blooming on the high hills. It is also grown in Himachal Pradesh.

Palm Borassus
Tamil Nadu Palm is a monocot tree. It has 6 species. It is native to Africa, Asia and New Guinea. Its stem is straight, strong and branchless. At the upper end, there are many long stems and leaves with cut side faces. Its fruit is woody kernel. Palm trees can grow up to 30 meters.

Khejdi or Shami (Jammi) Prosopis cineraria
Telangana Khejdi or Shami is a tree which is found in the Thar desert and other places. It is very useful for the people there. Chhonkara (Uttar Pradesh), Jand (Punjabi), Kandi (Sindh), Vanni (Tamil), Shami, Sumri (Gujarati) come. Its trade name is Kandi. This tree is found in different countries where it has different names. In English it is known as Prosopis cinerea.
The Khejri tree remains green even in the month of Jeth. In such heat, when there is no shelter for the animals in the desert to escape from the sun, then this tree gives shade. When there is nothing to eat, it gives fodder, which is called loong.

Agar Aquillaria agallocha
Tripura Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood or gharuwood is a dark wood scented in incense, perfume and small carvings. It forms in the heartwood of aquatic trees when they become infected with a type of mold (Phialophora parasitica). Before infection, heartwood is odourless, relatively light and pale in colour.

Chinar Platanus orientalis
Jammu and Kashmir Platanus orientalis, the Old World sycamore or Oriental plain, is a large, deciduous tree of the family Platanaceae, growing to 30 m (98 ft) or more, and known for its longevity and crown. Its dark green leaves can turn blood red, amber and yellow in fall.
Ladakh Not yet named
Nagdamini (Bread fruit) Artocarpus altilis (Artocarpus altilis)
Lakshadweep The breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a genus of flowering trees in the mulberry and jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) family (Moraceae), believed to be a domesticated descendant of Artocarpus camansi originating in New Guinea, the Maluku Islands and the Philippines.

Bael fruit tree Aegle marmelos
Puducherry Bilva, Bel or Belpathar, is a fruit tree native to India. Due to its ability to destroy diseases, the vine has been called Bilva. Its other names are Shandilru (pain reliever), Shri Phal, Sadaphal etc. Its pulp or marrow is called Bulvakarkati and dry pulp Belgiri. Bael trees are found all over India, especially in the foothills of the Himalayas, in dry mountainous areas up to an altitude of 4000 feet.

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Pine trees are commonly found in coniferous forests. These forests are characterized by a dominance of coniferous evergreen trees including various species of pine. Coniferous forests are found in regions with colder climates, such as northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia.

Taiga is a dense forest. Coniferous trees, such as spruce, pine and fir, are common. Coniferous trees have needles instead of broad leaves, and their seeds grow inside protective, woody cones.

Eucalyptus trees are mainly found in large numbers in Australia. They are native to Australia and are well adapted to the environmental conditions and climate there.

Neem is a tree found in abundance. It is full of medicinal properties, so it is widely used in common life. Everything from its leaves to its seeds are very useful. Its use is wonderful in skin, stomach, eyes and viral problems.

States famous for evergreen sandalwood mainly include Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Evergreen sandalwood trees are found in these states and from here its special aroma and useful properties are extracted.

  Last update :  Sat 18 Mar 2023
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