History of Haryanka dynasty and names of rulers:

Haryanka Dynasty:

The Haryanka dynasty (544 BC to 412 BC) was founded by Bimbisara (544 BC to 493 BC). With this, Bihar was the first to emerge as a political power. Bimbisara is considered the real founder of the Magadha Empire. He made Girivraj (Rajgir) his capital. Nagdasaka was the last ruler of 'Haryaka dynasty'. His Amatya Shishunaga killed him in 412 BC. Taking advantage of the weakness of Nagdashak, he took control of the throne and established the 'Shishunag dynasty'.

History of Haryanka Dynasty:

Bimbisara (544 BC to 493 BC) was a diplomatic and visionary ruler. He founded the Haryanka dynasty. Bimbisara is considered the real founder of the Magadha Empire. He made 'Girivraj' (Rajgir) his capital. By adopting the policy of matrimonial relations with Kaushal, Vaishali and Punjab etc., Bimbisara greatly expanded his empire. Bimbisara was the greatest patron of Gautam Buddha. Bimbisara ruled for about 52 years. According to Buddhist and Jain texts, his son Ajatashatru had made him a prisoner and put him in prison, where he was buried in 492 BC. died in

Important facts about Bimbisara:

  • Bimbisara had declared his eldest son Darsaka as his successor.
  • According to the Puranas, Bimbisara has been called 'Srenik'.
  • There were 70,000 villages in the kingdom of Bimbisara.
  • Bimbisara was the first ruler in Indian history to have a standing army.
  • Bimbisara appointed Rajvaidya Jivaka to serve Lord Buddha. did.
  • Buddhist monks were allowed free water travel.
  • Bimbisara was murdered by Ajatashatru at the instigation of Devavrata, an opponent of Mahatma Buddha.
  • The high officials of Bimbisara were called 'Rajbhattas' and they were placed in four categories - 'Sambandhaks' looked after general works, 'Senanayak' looked after army work, 'Voharika' used to collect judicial work and 'Mahammatt' used to collect taxes. .
  • Rulers and Rulers of Haryanka Dynasty:

    1. Bimbisara (544 BC to 493 BC)
    2. Ajatashatru (493 BC to 461 BC)
    3. Udayin (461 BC to 445 BC)
    4. Anirudh
    5. Mandak
    6. Nagdashak

    Bimbisara (544 BC to 493 BC):

    Bimbisara was a diplomatic and visionary ruler. He founded the Haryanka dynasty. Bimbisara is considered the real founder of the Magadha Empire. He made 'Girivraj' (Rajgir) his capital. By adopting the policy of matrimonial relations with Kaushal, Vaishali and Punjab etc., Bimbisara greatly expanded his empire. Bimbisara was the greatest patron of Gautam Buddha.

    Ajatashatru (493 BC to 461 BC):

    Ajatashatru was the son of Bimbisara. His childhood name was 'Kunik'. Ajatashatru obtained the throne of Magadha by killing his father. Although this was a heinous act, he had gained a reputation as a brave and majestic king. Like his father, he also adopted the policy of expansion of the empire and reached the climax of the boundaries of the empire. According to Sinhalese legends, Ajatashatru ruled for about 32 years and lived in 461 BC. He was killed by his son Udayan. Ajatashatru established a vast empire by including Anga, Lichchavi, Vajji, Kosala and Kashi districts in his kingdom. The name of Ajatashatru appears in many places in the Pali texts, because he was a contemporary of Buddha and had a big hand in the politics of the time. He founded Pataliputra at the confluence of the Ganges and the Son rivers. His minister 'Vaskar' was a skilled politician, who had expanded the empire by dividing the Lichchhavis.

    The kingdom of Prasenjit was snatched by Prince Vidudabha of Kosala. It was during his reign that Vidudabha ended the Shakya democracy. After defeating King Prasenjit of Kosala, Ajatashatru married the princess 'Vajira', from which Kashi district was automatically obtained by him. Thus Magadha became a powerful nation by this policy of his. But he has always been cursed in history because of killing his father and being called paternalistic. His mind became disturbed due to the murder of his father. This non-violent missionary went near Goshal and Jain religious preacher Mahavir Swami, but he did not find peace. Then it went to the refuge of the Buddha, where he found inner peace. After this he became the ultimate follower of Buddha.

    Udayin (461 BC to 445 BC):

    Udayin was the son of Harayaka dynasty Ajatashatru. He had attained the throne by killing his father Ajatashatru. In the Kathakosha, he is described as the son of Kunika (Ajatashatru) and Padmavati. In some other Jain texts such as the Appendixparvan and Trishasthilaka Purushcharita, it is said that Udayibhadra had been the governor of Champa during his father's time and was easily mourned over the death of his father. After that the feudatories and ministers requested him to sit on the throne of Magadha and after accepting it, he left Champa and went to the capital of Magadha.

    Aniruddha:

    Aniruddha or 'Anuruddha' was the son of Udayin, the ruler of the Haryanka dynasty. According to Buddhist texts, Udayin had three sons - 'Aniruddha', 'Mandaka' and 'Nagadasaka'. According to Sinhalese historical legends, Aniruddha ascended the throne of Magadha immediately after Udayin.

    Mandaka:

    Mandaka was the son of Udayin, the ruler of the Harayaka dynasty. According to Buddhist texts, Udayin had three sons - 'Aniruddha', 'Mandaka' and 'Nagadasaka'.

    Nagadasaka:

    According to Buddhist texts, Udayana had three sons, Aniruddha, Mandaka and Nagadashaka. Ud's sons ruled. The last king was Nagdasaka. Who was very luxurious and weak. Due to the laxity in the governance, widespread discontent spread among the people. After revolting the kingdom, his commander Shishunaga became the king. Thus the end of the Haryanka dynasty and the establishment of the Shishunaga dynasty in 412 BC. happened in.

    Fall of Haryanka Dynasty:


    According to Buddhist texts, Udayin had three sons - 'Aniruddha', 'Mandaka' and 'Nagadasaka'. These three sons of Udayin ruled. Nagdasaka was the last king of Haryanka dynasty. Nagdasaka's son Shishunaga died in 412 BC. He removed them and established the 'Shishunag dynasty'. According to some historians, Shishunaga was the amatya of his king Nagdasaka. Because the Nagdashak had proved to be very luxurious and weak, due to the laxity in the governance system, widespread dissatisfaction spread among the people. At the same time, after revolting the kingdom, Amatya Shishunaga took over the throne and became the king. Thus ended the Haryaka dynasty and the establishment of the Shishunaga dynasty.

    Read also:

      Last update :  Wed 7 Sep 2022
      Post Views :  21319
      Post Category :  Ancient Dynasties of India