History of Kushan Dynasty, Name of Rulers and Important Facts:

The Kushan Dynasty was one of the ancient dynasties of India. Some historians consider this dynasty to be of the origin of the Yuezhi people who came from China. Some scholars also relate them to Gurjars through the word Gusur inscribed on the Rabatak inscription. The 'Yuishi tribe', also known as the 'Yuchi clan', had its origins in the border region of the 'Takla Makan' desert in the north-west of Tibet. The invasions of the Huns had started, it was not possible for the Yuishi people that they could face the barbaric and fierce Hun invaders. They were forced to leave their elite and go west and south. At that time the Saka caste resided in the valley of the Sir river. The people of Yuchi clan started the Kushan dynasty.

History of Kushan Dynasty:

Kushan Dynasty (from about 30 AD to about 225 AD) From the beginning of AD, a branch of Shakas called Kushan started. Scholars have named them Yuishi, Turushka (Tukhar). The Yuishi race was initially in Central Asia. On being evicted from there, these people settled in Kamboja-Bayik and were influenced by the civilization there. After crossing the Hindukush, they continued on from the west of Chitral country through northern Swat and Hazara. He got the right over his five princely states of Tukhar region. In the first century AD, the Kushanas adopted the civilization here. The names of the rulers of the Kushan dynasty are as follows-

  • Kujul Kadphisis: Reign (30 AD to 80 AD approx)
  • Vima Taksham: Reigns (approximately from 80 AD to 95 AD)
  • Vim Kadphisis: Reigns (95 AD to 127 AD approx)
  • Kanishka I: Reign (127 AD to 140-50 AD approx)
  • Vasishka I: Reigns (approximately from 140-50 AD to 160 AD)
  • Huvishka: Reign (from 160 AD to 190 AD approx)
  • Vasudeva I
  • Kanishka II
  • Vashishk
  • Kanishka III
  • Vasudeva II

Note: Apart from this list, there have been kings of Kushan dynasty, which do not have much importance and the history is also not clearly known.

Important Trivia Facts about the Kushan Dynasty:

  • The Kushans were the Yuchi race living in the northwestern region of China.
  • The Yuichi clan conquered the Tahiya region from the doubts.
  • In 72 AD, Kanishka became the ruler of the Kushan Empire.
  • Kanishka was the most prolific ruler of the Kushan dynasty.
  • After Vim Kadphises, Kanishka had the Rajya Sabha.
  • The coronation of Kanishka took place in 78 AD.
  • He made his capital Purushapur.
  • The second capital of his kingdom was Mathura.
  • The Shaka era was started by Kanishka.
  • Kanishka conquered Kashmir and established a city named Kanishkapur there.
  • Kanishka was a follower of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism.
  • Kanishka is also called II Ashoka for the promotion of Kanishka.
  • Kanishka was the great writer and poet of the court Asvaghosha.
  • The Buddhacharita written by Asvaghosha is compared with the Valmiki Ramayana.
  • The great philosopher and scientist Nagarjuna was in the court of Kanishka.
  • Nagarjuna is called the Einstein of India.
  • The great scholar of Kanishka's Rajvaid Ayurveda was Charaka.
  • Charaka had composed a treatise on medicine called Charakasamhita.
  • Gandhara art, Sarnath art, Mathura art and Amaravati art flourished in the era of Kanishka.
  • Buddha statues were first made in Gandhara art itself.
  • Vasudeva was the last ruler of the Kushan dynasty.

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Kushan Dynasty FAQs:

The Mathura Museum has a large collection of Kushan sculptures. It is world famous as a state museum. This museum of Mathura was established in the year 1874 by the then District Magistrate Mr. FS Grouse.

The greatest Kushan leader who became a Buddhist was Emperor Kanishka. Kanishka ruled the Kushan Empire from around 127 to 150 CE. He is known for his patronage of Buddhism and his contributions to the development and spread of Mahayana Buddhism.

The Gandhara style of sculpture during the Kushana period, is a fusion of the Indo-Greek style. Its focal point was Gandhara. Hence it is also called Gandhara art style.

The art style that developed in the Kushana period, which combined elements from Indian and Greek styles, is commonly known as the Gandhara art style. This art form originated in the Gandhara region, which included parts of present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Kanishka was the king of a great Kushan empire. The Kushan Empire was established in the regions of Central Asia and North India from the 1st to the 3rd century BCE. Kanishka is considered to be the greatest and most influential king of the Kushan Empire.

  Last update :  Wed 18 Jan 2023
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