Important general knowledge related to which country of the world became independent

Here is the name of all the countries of the world and important information about their Independence Day. Some questions are definitely asked in every exam based on the names of the major countries of the world and their Independence Day. It is very useful for your all types of government competitive exams especially Bank PO & Clerk, UPSC, SSC, IAS, PCS, CATE, Indian Railway, GATE etc. Let us know when which country of the world became independent:-

List of world's major countries and their independence day:

Country Date of independence Independence from the country concerned
Afghanistan 19 August 1919 United Kingdom
Armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 and the Third Anglo-Afghan War Treaty of Rawalpindi
Albania 28 November 1912 Ottoman Empire
Albanian Declaration of Independence. The next day, 29 November, is celebrated as Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944.
Algeria 5 July 1962 France
Algeria gained independence after the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on 3 July, but Independence Day is celebrated on 5 July, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria.
Andorra -- -
Angola  11 November 1975 Portugal
The Alvar Accords, signed on 15 January 1975, ended Angola's independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence.
Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 United Kingdom
The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July
Argentina 9 July 1816 Spanish Empire
What is today commonly referred to as the independence of Argentina was declared by the Congress of Tucumán on July 9, 1816. In fact, congressmen gathered in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still one of the legal names of the Republic of Argentina today.
Armenia 28 May 1918 Empire of Russia
Declaration of independence of Armenia by the Russian Empire
21 September 1991 Soviet Union
1991 Armenian independence referendum
Australia -- --
Austria 26 October 1955 The Allied Occupying Powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Soviet Union)

There was a declaration by the Austrian parliament to declare the country permanently neutral. It was enacted on 26 October 1955 as a Constitutional Act of Parliament, that is, as part of the Austrian Constitution.
Azerbaijan 28 May 1918 Empire of Russia
Declaration of Independence by Azerbaijan (Kingdom of Russia)
18 October 1991 Soviet Union
Adoption of the Constitutional Act "On State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan"
Bahamas 10 July 1973 United Kingdom
Bahrain 16 December 1971 United Kingdom
Bangladesh 26-March 1971 Pakistan
The independence of Bangladesh was declared on 26 March 1971 by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibul Rahman at the beginning of the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Barbados 30 November 1966 United Kingdom
The Barbados Independence Act 1966 (c. 37) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that granted independence to Barbados from 30 November 1966. The act also provided for a new constitution to take effect on independence, which was done by the Barbados Independence Order 1966.
Belarus 3 July 1944 Nazi Germany
The liberation of Minsk in 1944 after several years of German occupation. Two other Independence Days – March 25 (declaration of the Belarusian People's Republic in 1918) and July 27 (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially.
Belgium 21 July 1831 United Netherlands
Leopold I was the first king of Belgium, ruling between July 1831 and December 1865.
Belize 21 September 1981 United Kingdom
The Belize Act 1981 (1981 c. 52) was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. It came into operation on 28 July 1981. The act made provisions for the nation of Belize (formerly British Honduras) to achieve full independence and become a member of the Commonwealth of Nations as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Benin 1 August 1960 France
The effective date of the agreement with France led to the formation of the independent republic on 11 July.
Bhutan -- --
Bolivia 6 August 1825 Spain

The independence of Bolivia was definitively declared on 6 August 1825 at a convention held in Chuvisca.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 March 1992 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina An independence referendum was held between 29 February and 1 March 1992 after escalating ethnic tensions due to the first free elections in 1990 and the eventual dissolution of Yugoslavia.
Botswana 30 September 1966 United Kingdom
Brazil 7 September 1822 United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves

The independence of Brazil consisted of a series of political and military events that occurred in 1821–1824, most of which involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal over calls for independence presented by the Brazilian state.
Brunei 23 February 1984 United Kingdom
Brunei gained full independence on 1 January 1984 under the treaty of 7 January 1979 and cooperation between the United Kingdom and Brunei. However, earlier the celebration of the National Day was postponed till 23 February and the day is being celebrated since then.
Bulgaria 3 March 1878 Ottoman Empire
The Principality of Bulgaria was a de facto independent, and legal vassal state under Ottoman hegemony. It was established by the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. Ever since it is known as Liberation Day, and is celebrated on 3 March.

5 October 1908 Ottoman Empire

Bulgaria's independence from the Ottoman Empire was proclaimed on 5 October 1908 in Tarnovo, the old capital of Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, who later took the title of "Tsar".
Burkina Faso 11 December 1958 France
The Republic of Upper Volta, now Burkina Faso, was a West African country that was established as an autonomous colony within the French Community on December 11, 1958.
Burundi 1 July 1962 Belgium
Effective date of United Nations General Assembly resolution 1746 abolishing Rwanda-Urundi trusteeship
Cambodia 9 November 1953 France
On October 17, 1953, a military hand-to-hand agreement was signed in celebration of the transfer of troops from French to Cambodian officers.
Cameroon Cameroon gained independence on January 1, 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it observes a national day on 20 May to commemorate Cameroon's 1972 constitutional referendum.
Canada Canada Day on July 1 commemorates the founding of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.
Cape Verde 5 July 1975 Portugal
The effective date of the Agreement between Portugal and the Partido African Para en Independencia da Guinea e Cabo Verde (PAIGE) was signed on 18 December 1974.
Central African Republic 1 December 1958 France
The Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community
13 August 1960 France
Effective date of agreement with France signed on 12 July
Chad 11 August 1960 France
Effective date of agreement with France signed on 12 July
Chile 18 September 1810 Spanish Empire
Establishment of the Chilean government junta. The next day, 19 September is celebrated as Army Day. Collectively the two holidays are known as the Feast of the Year.
China ---- ---
The National Day commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. National Day, officially the National Day of the People's Republic of China, is a public holiday in China observed annually on 1 October, which is celebrated as the People's Republic of China. 1949. The Chinese Communist Party's victory in the Chinese Civil War resulted in the Kuomintang retreat in Taiwan and the Chinese Communist Revolution in which the People's Republic of China replaced the Republic of China.
Colombia 20 July 1810 Spanish Empire
The Declaration of Colombian Independence refers to the events of July 20, 1810 in Santa Fe Bogotá in the Spanish Colonial Viceroyalty of New Granada. They were the day the Junta de Santa Fe was founded.
Comoros 6 July 1975 France
Independence was declared by the Chamber of Deputies of the Comoros after the Comorian independence referendum of 1974.
Democratic Republic of the Congo 30 June 1960 Belgium
The effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Aid and Cooperation between Belgium and the Congo was concluded on June 29, 1960
Republic of the Congo 15 August 1960 France
The effective date of the agreement with France signed on 12 July.
Costa Rica 15 September 1821 Spanish Empire
The Act of Independence of Central America, also known as the Act of Independence of Guatemala, is the legal document by which the Provincial Council of the Province of Guatemala declared the independence of Central America from the Spanish Empire. It was enacted on 15 September 1821
Croatia 30 May 1990 SFR Yugoslavia
The first session of the Croatian Parliament after the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election. 8 October (when Parliament decided to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and 25 June (when Parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also observed as Independence Days. Following the 2019 change in the law on public holidays, 8 October is Parliament Day and 25 June is Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays.
Cuba 10 October 1868 Spanish Empire
Call the rebellion (known as the Grito de Yara) by the Chinese planner Carlos Manuel de Cespides, which led to the Ten Years' War for Independence
Cyprus 1 October 1960 United Kingdom
The effective date of the London–Zürich Agreement was 16 August 1960, but the public holiday was moved to 1 October to avoid the summer heat and tourist season.
Czech Republic 28 October 1918 Austria-Hungary
Declaration of Independence by the Czechoslovak National Council The Czechoslovak National Council was an organization established by Czech and Slovak émigrés during World War I to liberate their homeland from Austria-Hungary.
Denmark - -
Djibouti 27 June 1977 France
Dominica 3 November 1978 United Kingdom
Dominican Republic 27 February 1821 and 1844
Independence from Spain in December 1821. Independence from Haiti was declared in 1844 after 22 years of occupation.
East Timor 20 May 2002 Portugal
East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, not officially considered to be administered by Portugal.
Ecuador 10 August 1809 Spanish Empire
Independence was achieved on August 10, 1809, but all conspirators of the movement failed to be hanged on August 2, 1810.
Egypt - -

Egypt's unilateral Declaration of Independence was issued on February 28, 1922, but Egypt does not celebrate this date.
El Salvador 15 September 1821 Spanish Empire
The Act of Independence of Central America, also known as the Act of Independence of Guatemala, is the legal document by which the Provincial Council of the Province of Guatemala declared the independence of Central America from the Spanish Empire.
Equatorial Guinea 12 October 1968 Spain
Eritrea 24 May 1991 Ethiopia
Estonia 24 February 1918 Empire of Russia
The Declaration of Independence by the Estonians, also known as the Manifesto for the People of Estonia, is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia since 1918. It is celebrated as February 24, National Day or Independence Day.
Estonian 20 August 1991 Soviet Union
The Estonian restoration of independence is celebrated as the day on 20 August 1991, at 11:02 local time, the Estonian Supreme Soviet, in agreement with the Estonian Committee (the executive organ of the Congress of Estonia), declared Estonian independence.
Eswatini 6-September 1968 United Kingdom
Ethiopia - -
Fiji 10 October 1970 United Kingdom
The Independence of Independence is a legal document that established Fiji's independence from the United Kingdom in 1970, when it was handed over by Prince Charles to the British monarch on 10 October.
Finland 6 December 1917 Empire of Russia
The Finnish Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917. It declared Finland an independent nation, ending its autonomy within Russia as the Grand Principality of Finland, as well as a reference to a bill that brought Finland to parliament to make it a parliament.
France - -
Gabon 16 August 1960 France
The effective date of the agreement with France signed on 15 July.
Gambia 18 February 1965 United Kingdom
The Gambia Independence Act 1964 (1964 c. 93) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that granted The Gambia independence from 18 February 1965.
Georgia 26 May 1918 Empire of Russia
The day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.
Germany - -
Ghana 6-March 1957 United Kingdom
Greece 25 March 1821 Ottoman Empire
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830.
Grenada 7 February 1974 United Kingdom
Guatemala 15 September 1821 Spanish Empire
The Act of Independence of Central America, also known as the Act of Independence of Guatemala, is the legal document by which the Provincial Council of the Province of Guatemala declared the independence of Central America from the Spanish Empire. It was enacted on 15 September 1821.

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  Last update :  Thu 16 Mar 2023
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