States of India and their Capitals and Literacy Rate:

India Trivia: A Federation of States India is a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic with a parliamentary system. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and it came into force on 26 January 1950. India consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. The States Reorganization Act played an important role in reorganizing the boundaries of Indian states along a linguistic basis. At the same time, it amended the Indian Constitution so that the three types of states A, B, and C states were amended in a single type.

Although there have been several additional changes in the boundaries of the states since 1947, this act is considered the undisputed player in giving the present shape and shape of the Indian states. In November 2000, three new states were formed in India - Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal from Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand from Bihar.

The Constitution has distributed legislative powers to the Parliament and the State Legislatures. Parliament has two houses - the lower house is called the Lok Sabha and the upper house is called the Rajya Sabha. Some legislatures at the state level are bicameral and function on the lines of a national parliament. There are 29 states and 7 union territories in India. All the states and union territories are unique in their own right. All these states and union territories of India with their extraordinary history and culture do not fail to attract the tourists with their mysteries and charisma.

States of India and their capitals:

State State Area largest city literacy rate
Andra Pradesh Hyderabad/Amravati 160,205 sq km Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Guntur 67.66*
Arunachal Pradesh itanagar 83,743 sq km Itanagar 66.95
Assam Dispur 78,438 sq km Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh, Nagaon 73.18
Bihar Patna 94,163 sq km Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Biharsharif 63.82
Chhattisgarh Raipur 135,191 sq km Raipur, Bhilai Nagar, Korba, Bilaspur, Durg 71.04
Goa Panaji 3,702 sq km Panaji 87.4
Gujarat Gandhinagar 196,024 sq km Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Bhavnagar 79.31
Haryana Chandigarh 44,212 sq km Faridabad, Gurgaon, Rohtak, Hisar, Panipat 76.64
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 55,673 sq km Shimla 83.78
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Cold) 222,236 sq km Srinagar, Jammu, Anantnag 68.74
Jharkhand Ranchi 79,714 sq km Dhanbad, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro Steel 67.63
Karnataka Bangalore 191,791 sq km Bangalore, Hubli and Dharwad, Mysore, Gulbarga, Belgaum 75.6
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 38,863 sq km Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur 93.91
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 308,245 sq km Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain 70.63
Maharashtra Mumbai 307,713 sq km Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Thane, Pimpri and Chinchwad 82.91
Manipur Imphal 22,327 sq km Imphal 79.85
Meghalaya Shillong 22,429 sq km Shillong 75.48
Telangana Hyderabad 114,840 sq km Hyderabad, Warangal 67.22
Tripura Agartala 10,486 sq km Agartala 87.75
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 240,928 sq km Lucknow, Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Agra, Meerut 69.72
Uttarakhand Dehradun 53,483 sq km Dehradun, Haridwar, Haldwani and Kathgodam, Rudrapur 79.63
West Bengal Kolkata 88,752 sq km Kolkata, Howrah, Durgapur, Asansol, Siliguri 77.08

Union Territories of India and their Capitals:

Union Territory Capital Area largest city literacy rate
Andaman and Nicobar Port Blair 8,249 sq km Port Blair 86.27
Chandigarh Chandigarh 114 sq km Chandigarh 86.43
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvas 491 sq km Silvassa 77.65
Daman and Diu Daman 112 sq km Repression 87.07
Delhi New Delhi 11,297 sq km Delhi 86.34
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 32 sq km Kavaratti 92.28
Puducherry Pondicherry 479 sq km Karaikal, Puducherry 86.55

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State and Capital FAQs:

In 1774, a calculation was made to make Calcutta the capital of India. The British East India Company established its power and administrative center at Calcutta at this time. Calcutta remained the capital of British India and held that position until 1911, when the British government decided to make Delhi the new capital of India.

Chandigarh is the city that serves as the joint capital of two states in India. Chandigarh is the capital of both the states of Punjab and Haryana. It is a union territory and is administered by the central government of India.

The capital of Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, was initially located at Rajgarh Fort in Maharashtra, India. Shivaji established his capital at Rajgarh in the 17th century.

Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand state. It is the largest city and the administrative headquarters of the state of Jharkhand. Ranchi is the center of government and judicial activities of Jharkhand. Ranchi is situated in a hill and it is placed in an area with tropical climate.

Male is the capital of Maldives. Maldives is an archipelago located in the Indian Ocean. Malé is the principal and largest city of the archipelago and is the political, administrative, commercial, and tourist center of the archipelago.

  Last update :  Sat 18 Mar 2023
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