Major Oil Refineries of India and Year of Establishment
What is Shilaras (Petroleum) called?
Shilaras (petroleum) is a very useful substance, which is used a lot in daily life. Shilaras are actually a mixture of uplands. It was also formed due to the suppression of vegetation like coal under the earth and over time due to the high pressure and temperature incident on them. Naturally occurring Shilars are called Crude Oil which is black colored thick liquid. Its fractional distillation yields kerosene, petrol, diesel, natural gas, Vaseline, lubricant oil, etc. In fact, when oil deposits are found somewhere on the earth, then it is dark black in color. Which is called crude oil and there is a plurality of industries in it.
The specialty of subprongs is that the hydrogen and the molecules of the precursor are bound to each other in different chains. These series are of different types. These chains are the source of a wide variety of oil products. Their shortest chain forms the basis of a product called methane. In these, the precursors of long chains form solids such as wax or a product called tar.
Major places of obtaining mineral oil in India:
Till the time of independence in India, mineral oil was extracted only in Assam, but after that mining of mineral oil was started in Gujarat and Bombay High. The Oil and Natural Gas Commission has identified 26 such basins in the terrestrial and oceanic parts of the country, from where there is ample potential for oil extraction. The potential oil field in India is 14.1 lakh sq.km. of which 85 percent is on site and 15 percent is offshore. India's known reserves and production of mineral oil are both low, so oil is imported from abroad to meet its requirement. According to the International Geological Survey, the reserves of mineral oil in India are 6200 million tonnes. The Oil and Natural Gas Commission has estimated the total mineral oil reserves of India at 17.50 million tonnes.
There are three main areas of India from where mineral oil is being obtained. The most important of these oil fields are spread in the north-eastern states of Assam and Meghalaya, while the second important area is the area adjacent to the Gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat. A place called Bombay High, located in the Arabian Sea, about 176 km from the Mumbai coast, has also become important from the point of view of oil exploration.
List of Indian Oil Refineries and Year of Establishment:
Major Oil Refineries of India
|Haldia (West Bengal)||1975|
|Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)||1982|
Major Oil Refineries of India Refineries:
|Refinery||Oil company||location, state|
|Jamnagar Refinery (For Export)||Reliance Industries Limited||Jamnagar (SEZ), Gujarat|
|Jamnagar Refinery (For Domestic Market)||Reliance Industries Limited||Jamnagar (DTA), Gujarat|
|Assar Energy Refinery||Assar Energy Limited||Vadinar, Gujarat|
|Kochi Refinery||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited||Kochi, Kerala|
|Mangalore Refinery||Oil and natural gas corporation||Mangalore, Karnataka|
|Paradip Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Paradip, Orissa|
|Panipat Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Panipat, Haryana|
|Gujarat Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Vadodara, Gujarat|
|Mumbai Refinery||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited||Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Guru Gobind Singh Refinery||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||Bathinda, Punjab|
|HPCL Mittal Energy Limited (HMEL)||Bathinda, Punjab|
|Manali Refinery||Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited||Chennai, Tamil Nadu|
|Visakhapatnam Refinery||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh|
|Mathura Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Mathura, Uttar Pradesh|
|Haldia Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Haldia, West Bengal|
|Bina Refinery||Bharat Oman Refinery Limited||Bina, Madhya Pradesh|
|Mumbai Refinery||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Barauni Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Barauni, Bihar|
|Numaligarh Refinery||Oil india||Numaligarh, Assam|
|Assam government||Numaligarh, Assam|
|Bongaigaon Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Bongaigaon, Assam|
|Guwahati Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Guwahati, Assam|
|Nagapatnam Refinery||Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited||Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu|
|Digboi Refinery||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||Digboi, Assam|
|Tatipka Refinery||Oil and natural gas corporation||Tatipak, Andhra Pradesh|