India's Oil Refineries with Establishment year

Major Oil Refineries of India and Year of Establishment

What is Shilaras (Petroleum) called?

Shilaras (petroleum) is a very useful substance, which is used a lot in daily life. Shilaras are actually a mixture of uplands. It was also formed due to the suppression of vegetation like coal under the earth and over time due to the high pressure and temperature incident on them. Naturally occurring Shilars are called Crude Oil which is black colored thick liquid. Its fractional distillation yields kerosene, petrol, diesel, natural gas, Vaseline, lubricant oil, etc. In fact, when oil deposits are found somewhere on the earth, then it is dark black in color. Which is called crude oil and there is a plurality of industries in it.

The specialty of subprongs is that the hydrogen and the molecules of the precursor are bound to each other in different chains. These series are of different types. These chains are the source of a wide variety of oil products. Their shortest chain forms the basis of a product called methane. In these, the precursors of long chains form solids such as wax or a product called tar.

Major places of obtaining mineral oil in India:

Till the time of independence in India, mineral oil was extracted only in Assam, but after that mining of mineral oil was started in Gujarat and Bombay High. The Oil and Natural Gas Commission has identified 26 such basins in the terrestrial and oceanic parts of the country, from where there is ample potential for oil extraction. The potential oil field in India is 14.1 lakh sq.km. of which 85 percent is on site and 15 percent is offshore. India's known reserves and production of mineral oil are both low, so oil is imported from abroad to meet its requirement. According to the International Geological Survey, the reserves of mineral oil in India are 6200 million tonnes. The Oil and Natural Gas Commission has estimated the total mineral oil reserves of India at 17.50 million tonnes.

There are three main areas of India from where mineral oil is being obtained. The most important of these oil fields are spread in the north-eastern states of Assam and Meghalaya, while the second important area is the area adjacent to the Gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat. A place called Bombay High, located in the Arabian Sea, about 176 km from the Mumbai coast, has also become important from the point of view of oil exploration.

List of Indian Oil Refineries and Year of Establishment:

Major Oil Refineries of India

Establishment year
Digboi (Assam) 1901
Mumbai (HPCL) 1954
Mumbai (BPCL) 1955
Visakhapatnam 1957
Guwahati (Assam) 1962
Barauni (Bihar) 1964
Koyli (Gujarat) 1965
Cochin 1966
Chennai 1969
Haldia (West Bengal) 1975
Bogaigaon (Assam) 1979
Mathura (Uttar Pradesh) 1982
Karnal (Haryana) 1987
Jamnagar (Gujarat) 1999

Major Oil Refineries of India Refineries:

Refinery Oil company location, state
Jamnagar Refinery (For Export) Reliance Industries Limited Jamnagar (SEZ), Gujarat
Jamnagar Refinery (For Domestic Market) Reliance Industries Limited Jamnagar (DTA), Gujarat
Assar Energy Refinery Assar Energy Limited Vadinar, Gujarat
Kochi Refinery Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited Kochi, Kerala
Mangalore Refinery Oil and natural gas corporation Mangalore, Karnataka
Paradip Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Paradip, Orissa
Panipat Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Panipat, Haryana
Gujarat Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Vadodara, Gujarat
Mumbai Refinery Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited Mumbai, Maharashtra
Guru Gobind Singh Refinery Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited Bathinda, Punjab
HPCL Mittal Energy Limited (HMEL) Bathinda, Punjab
Manali Refinery Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Visakhapatnam Refinery Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Mathura Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
Haldia Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Haldia, West Bengal
Bina Refinery Bharat Oman Refinery Limited Bina, Madhya Pradesh
Mumbai Refinery Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited Mumbai, Maharashtra
Barauni Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Barauni, Bihar
Numaligarh Refinery Oil india Numaligarh, Assam

Assam government Numaligarh, Assam
Bongaigaon Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Bongaigaon, Assam
Guwahati Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Guwahati, Assam
Nagapatnam Refinery Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu
Digboi Refinery Indian Oil Corporation Limited Digboi, Assam
Tatipka Refinery Oil and natural gas corporation Tatipak, Andhra Pradesh

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs):

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𝒜. Reliance Refinery, Jamnagar (Gujarat)

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