Names and producing states of major crops of India
Indian Agricultural System: India is an agricultural country. Agriculture is considered to be the backbone of Indian economy. Agriculture has got a dignified status in the national economy due to various programs and efforts being run by various five year plans. Agriculture in India has been done since the time of Indus Valley Civilization. Indian agriculture remains the cornerstone of its economy, human settlement and its socio-cultural structure and form even today. Agriculture has become important as a source of involvement of about 64 percent of the country's population in agriculture and about 27.4 percent of the total national income. Agriculture contributes 18 percent to the country's total exports.
Name of major crops of India and list of most productive states:
|Names of major crops of India||Names of most productive states|
|Rice||West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab|
|Wheat||Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan|
|Sorghum||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan|
|Pearl millet||Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh|
|Cereal||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh|
|Oilseeds||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Odisha|
|Barley||Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Punjab|
|Sugarcane||Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Haryana and Punjab|
|Peanuts||Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
|Tea||Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tripura, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh|
|Kahwah||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra|
|Cotton||Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka, Haryana, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh|
|Rubber||Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam and Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
|Jute (Nalta jute)||West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh|
|Black pepper||Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry|
|Tobacco||Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu|
|Turmeric||Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Bihar|
|Cashew||Kerala, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh|
Indian agriculture is the basis on which 75 percent of the population living in more than 5.5 lakh villages of the country directly or indirectly get their livelihood. After 1960, a new era came with the Green Revolution in the field of agriculture in the country. Let us know about some important facts related to India's agriculture: -
Important facts related to Indian agriculture:
- Agriculture covers about 51 per cent of the total area of India, pastures on 4 per cent, forests on about 21 per cent and 24 per cent barren and unusable.
- About 52 per cent of the total labor force of the country derives its livelihood from agriculture and allied industries and trades.
- Agriculture and allied goods accounted for about 40 per cent of India's exports in 2004-2005.
- India ranks second after China in the production of rice in the world. Rice is cultivated on about 47 percent of the total area under food grains in India.
- India ranks second after China in the production of wheat in the world. Wheat is cultivated on about 15 percent of the total cultivable land of the country.
- Uttar Pradesh ranks first in the production of wheat in the country, while Punjab ranks first in production per hectare.
- The most impact of the Green Revolution has been on the cultivation of wheat and rice, but the production of wheat has increased more than that of rice.
- The credit for bringing Green Revolution in India goes to Dr. M.S. goes to Swaminathan. The Green Revolution started in India in 1967-1968.
- The First Green Revolution was followed by the Second Green Revolution in 1983–1984, which saw greater grain production, investment and expansion of services to farmers.
- Oilseeds Technology Mission was established in 1986.
- India is the third largest producer and consumer of fertilizers in the world.
- Potassium fertilizer is completely imported.
- India ranks first in the production of mango, banana, chikoo, sour lemon, cashew, coconut, black pepper, turmeric.
- India ranks second in the world in the production of fruits and vegetables.
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