Names and producing states of major crops of India

Indian Agricultural System: India is an agricultural country. Agriculture is considered to be the backbone of Indian economy. Agriculture has got a dignified status in the national economy due to various programs and efforts being run by various five year plans. Agriculture in India has been done since the time of Indus Valley Civilization. Indian agriculture remains the cornerstone of its economy, human settlement and its socio-cultural structure and form even today. Agriculture has become important as a source of involvement of about 64 percent of the country's population in agriculture and about 27.4 percent of the total national income. Agriculture contributes 18 percent to the country's total exports.

Name of major crops of India and list of most productive states:

Names of major crops of India Names of most productive states
Rice West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab
Wheat Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
Sorghum Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
Pearl millet Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh
Cereal Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh
Oilseeds Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Odisha
Barley Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Punjab
Sugarcane Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Haryana and Punjab
Peanuts Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
Tea Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tripura, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh
Kahwah Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
Cotton Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka, Haryana, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
Rubber Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam and Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Jute (Nalta jute) West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh
Black pepper Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry
Tobacco Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu
Turmeric Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Bihar
Cashew Kerala, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh

Indian agriculture is the basis on which 75 percent of the population living in more than 5.5 lakh villages of the country directly or indirectly get their livelihood. After 1960, a new era came with the Green Revolution in the field of agriculture in the country. Let us know about some important facts related to India's agriculture: -

Important facts related to Indian agriculture:

  • Agriculture covers about 51 per cent of the total area of ​​India, pastures on 4 per cent, forests on about 21 per cent and 24 per cent barren and unusable.
  • About 52 per cent of the total labor force of the country derives its livelihood from agriculture and allied industries and trades.
  • Agriculture and allied goods accounted for about 40 per cent of India's exports in 2004-2005.
  • India ranks second after China in the production of rice in the world. Rice is cultivated on about 47 percent of the total area under food grains in India.
  • India ranks second after China in the production of wheat in the world. Wheat is cultivated on about 15 percent of the total cultivable land of the country.
  • Uttar Pradesh ranks first in the production of wheat in the country, while Punjab ranks first in production per hectare.
  • The most impact of the Green Revolution has been on the cultivation of wheat and rice, but the production of wheat has increased more than that of rice.
  • The credit for bringing Green Revolution in India goes to Dr. M.S. goes to Swaminathan. The Green Revolution started in India in 1967-1968.
  • The First Green Revolution was followed by the Second Green Revolution in 1983–1984, which saw greater grain production, investment and expansion of services to farmers.
  • Oilseeds Technology Mission was established in 1986.
  • India is the third largest producer and consumer of fertilizers in the world.
  • Potassium fertilizer is completely imported.
  • India ranks first in the production of mango, banana, chikoo, sour lemon, cashew, coconut, black pepper, turmeric.
  • India ranks second in the world in the production of fruits and vegetables.

Now practice related questions and see what you learnt?

Crops of India GK Questions and Answers 🔗

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Rice is the crop covering the maximum cultivable area in India. About 1/3 part of the land under food grains comes under rice.

Jute is a fiber type crop. Jute fibers are usually six to ten feet long, but in special cases have been found to be 14 to 15 feet long. The fiber drawn immediately is stronger, more lustrous, more supple and more white.

The people of the Indus Valley Civilization produced wheat and maize on a large scale. Other crops grown by them were pulses, paddy, cotton, dates, melons, peas, sesame and mustard.

Millet is the most hardy crop in grains. Millet is the most widely grown variety. It has been cultivated in Africa and the Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times.

Rabi crops are sown in the months of October and November in North India which are sown in low temperature, the crops are harvested in the months of February and March. For example, wheat, barley, potato, gram, lentil, linseed, peas and mustard are considered to be the main rabi crops.

  Last update :  Tue 30 Aug 2022
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